Federal Assembly (Russia)

Federal Assembly
Федеральное Собрание
Federalnoye Sobraniye
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesFederation Council
State Duma
History
Founded12 December 1993
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of Russia
Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
Leadership
Valentina Matviyenko
Since 21 September 2011
Vyacheslav Volodin, United Russia
Since 5 October 2016
Structure
Seats620 (450+170)
Russian Federation Council since 2014.svg
Federation Council political groups
7 State Duma.svg
State Duma political groups
Government (341)

Supported by (40)

Opposition (67)

Vacant (2)

Elections
Chosen by territorial politicians
Parallel voting
Federation Council last election
12 December 1993
State Duma last election
18 September 2016
State Duma next election
www.gov.ru

The Federal Assembly (Russian: Федера́льное Собра́ние, tr. Federalnoye Sobraniye, IPA: [fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnəjə sɐˈbranʲɪjə]) is the national legislature of the Russian Federation, according to the Constitution of Russian Federation (1993). It was preceded by the Supreme Soviet.

It consists of the State Duma, which is the lower house, and the Federation Council, which is the upper house. Both houses are located in Moscow. The Chairman of the Federation Council is the third most important position after the President and the Prime Minister. In the case that both the President and the Prime Minister are incapacitated, the Chairman of the upper house of the Russian parliament becomes Acting President of Russia.[3][4]

The jurisdiction of the State Duma includes: consent to the appointment of the Chairman of the Government, deciding the issue of confidence in the Government, appointment and dismissal of the Chairman of the Central Bank, appointment and dismissal of the Chairman and half of the auditors of the Accounting Chamber, appointment and dismissal of the Commissioner for Human Rights, proclamation of amnesty, advancing of charges against the President for his impeachment and others.[5]

The jurisdiction of the Council of the Federation includes: approval of changes in borders between subjects of the Russian Federation, approval of the decree of the President on the introduction of a martial law or on the introduction of a state of emergency, deciding on the possibility of using the Armed Forces of Russia outside the territory of the Russia, appointment of elections of the President, impeachment of the President, appointment of judges of higher courts of Russia, appointment and dismissal of the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation, appointment and dismissal of Deputy Chairman and half of the auditors of the all Accounting Chamber and others.[6]

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This article is part of a series on the
Politics of the
Russian Federation
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation 2.svg

As the Russian legislature, all laws must be voted in the Federal Assembly before they are signed into law. All bills, even those proposed by the Federation Council, must first be considered by the State Duma. Upon adoption by a majority of the full State Duma membership, a draft law is considered by the Federation Council, which has fourteen days to place the bill on its calendar. The Federation Council cannot make changes in bills passed by the Duma and can either approve or reject them. If the Federation Council rejects a bill passed by the State Duma, the two chambers may form a conciliation commission to work out a compromise version of the legislation. If two chambers cannot reach a compromise, or the Duma insists on passing the bill as is, the veto of the Federation Council can be overridden, if two thirds of the Duma's constitutional composition vote in favor of the bill.

The State Duma and the Federation Council usually meet separately. Joint sessions are organized when:

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Majelis Federal Rusia