Fatimah

Fatimah al-Zahra
فَاطِمَة ٱلزَّهْرَاء
فَاطِمَة بِنْت مُحَمَّد
Fatimah Arabic Calligraphy.svg
Calligraphy reading "Fatimah az-Zahra"
Born15–5 BH
(605–615 AD)[1][2][3][4][5][6]
Died3 Jumada al-Thani
11 AH
((632-08-18)18 August 632)[4][6]
(disputed)
Resting placeBurial place of Fatimah in Medina, Hejaz
Title
  • al-Ṣiddīqah[7] (The Truthful Woman)
  • al-Mubārakah[7] (The Blessed Woman)
  • al-Ṭāhirah[7] (The Pure Woman)
  • al-Zakīyah[7] (The Chaste/Innocent Woman)
  • al-Raḍīyah[7] (The Content Woman)
  • al-Muḥaddathah[7] (The One Spoken to by Angels)
  • al-Batūl[7] (The Chaste/The Pure)
  • al-Zahrāʾ[7] (The Splendid One/The Lady of Light)
  • Sayyidah Nisa al-Alamin[8] (Master of the Women of the Worlds)
Spouse(s)Ali ibn Abi Talib
Children
Parent(s)
Relatives

Fatimah bint Muhammad (Arabic: فَاطِمَة بِنْت مُحَمَّد‎, Fāṭimah bint Muḥammad, IPA: faː.tˤi.mah ib.nat mu.ħam.mad; 615 AD/5 BH – died 28 August 632[4][5][6] [disputed]), commonly known as Fāṭimah al-Zahrāʾ (فَاطِمَة ٱلزَّهْرَاء), was the youngest daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah, according to Sunni Muslims, but according to Shia Muslims,[10][11][12][13] their only child who lived to adulthood, and therefore part of Muhammad's household. Her husband was Ali, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs and the first Shia Imam, and her children include Hasan and Husayn, the second and third Imams, respectively.[10][12][14] She is respected and venerated by Muslims, as she was the child closest to her father and supported him in his difficulties, was the supporter and caretaker of her own husband and children, and was the only child of Muhammad to have male children live beyond childhood, whose descendants are spread throughout the Islamic world and are known as Sayyids.[10]

Fatimah is a vital character in Islam[15] and her name is one of the most popular for girls throughout the Muslim world.[16] However, there is controversy between different sects regarding her political role.[17]

Titles

Fatimah is given many titles by Muslims to show their admiration of her moral and physical characteristics. The most used title is "al-Zahra", meaning "the shining one", and she is commonly referred to as Fatimah Zahra.[12][18] She was also known as "al-Batūl" (the chaste and pure one) as she spent much of her time in prayer, reciting the Qur'an and in other acts of worship.[12] Besides, amongst 125 famous veneration titles, she has also been honored with the title of Umm-ul-Aaima (Mother of Imams).[19]

Kunyas

Moreover, there are many Shia narrations which have been stated from their Imams about the names and titles of Fatima. For instance, Imam al-Sadiq says: Fatima has nine names from God: 1-Fāṭima (a woman who throws herself and her followers out of the hell), 2-al-Ṣiddīqah (a woman who has never lied), 3-al-Mubārakah (a woman who is full of blessings), 4-al-Ṭāhirah (a woman who is pure, sinless and infallible), 5-al-Zakiyyah (a woman who is away from any contamination), 6-al-Raḍiyyah (a woman who suffers hardship and difficulty and is happy with the will of God), 7-al-Marḍiyyah (a woman with whom God is satisfied), 8-al-Muḥaddithah (a woman who transmits some aḥādīth [Prophetic traditions]), 9-al-Zahrah (bright and shining).[23][24]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fatimah
asturianu: Fátima az-Zahra
azərbaycanca: Fatimə
বাংলা: ফাতিমা
беларуская: Фаціма
български: Фатима
čeština: Fátima
français: Fatima Zahra
Hausa: Fatima
हिन्दी: फ़ातिमा
Bahasa Indonesia: Fatimah az-Zahra
ქართული: ფატიმა ზაჰრა
Kiswahili: Fatimah
kurdî: Fatime
latviešu: Fātima
Malagasy: Fatima Zahra
Bahasa Melayu: Fatimah al-Zahra
Nederlands: Fatima Zahra
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fotima
پنجابی: فاطمہ زہرا
română: Fatimah
русский: Фатима Захра
Scots: Fatimah
sicilianu: Fâtima az-Zahra
Simple English: Fatimah
српски / srpski: Fatima bint Muhamed
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fatima bint Muhamed
svenska: Fatima
Tagalog: Fatimah
தமிழ்: பாத்திமா
татарча/tatarça: Фатыйма
Türkçe: Fatıma
українська: Фатіма (іслам)
Tiếng Việt: Fatimah
Winaray: Fatimah
吴语: 法蒂玛
ייִדיש: פאטימא
Zazaki: Fatıma
中文: 法蒂瑪