The shrine of Fatema Mæ'sume (sister of
Imām ʻAlī ibn-Mūsā Riđā) is located in
Qom which is considered by
Shia Muslims to be the second most sacred city in
Mashhad. Fatima Masumeh was the sister of the eighth
Imam'Ali al-Rida and the daughter of the seventh Imam
Musa al-Kadhim (Tabari 60). In
Shia Islam, women are often revered as saints if they are close relatives to one of the
Twelver Imams. Fatima Masumeh is therefore honored as a saint, and her shrine in Qom is considered one of the most significant Shi'i shrines in Iran. Every year, thousands of Shi'i Muslims travel to Qom to honor Fatima Masumeh and ask her for blessings. For more information on the history of Fatima Masumeh, see
Fatima bint Musa.
The mosque consists of a burial chamber, three courtyards and three large prayer halls, totalling an area of 38,000 m2 (410,000 sq ft). The three prayer halls are named: Tabātabā'ī, Bālā Sar, and A‘dham.