Fasting in Islam

Fasting in Islam, known as Sawm (صَوْم) Arabic pronunciation: [sˤɑwm] or Siyām (صِيَام) Arabic pronunciation: [sˤijæːm], the Arabic words for fasting, also commonly known as Rūzeh or Rōzah (Persian: روزه‎) in some Muslim countries, is the practice of abstaining, usually from food and drink. The observance of Sawm during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan is the fourth of the Five Pillars of Islam.[citation needed]

Etymology

Literally meaning "to abstain," ṣawm is a semitic cognate to Syriac: ܨܘܡܐṣawmā, Hebrew: צוֹם‬ "ṣōm", and Ge'ez: ጾም "ṣom".[1]

Other languages

The Muslims of Central Asia, Afghanistan, India, Iran, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Turkey use the words roza/rozha/roja/oruç, which comes from Persian. While the Malay community in Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore call it puasa, which is derived from Sanskrit, upvaasa, puasa is also used in Indonesia, Southern Thailand and Southern Philippines.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sawm
অসমীয়া: ৰোজা
বাংলা: রোযা
български: Саум
català: Sawm
čeština: Saum
Cymraeg: Sawm
Deutsch: Saum (Islam)
ދިވެހިބަސް: ރޯދަ
español: Sawm
français: Saoum
ગુજરાતી: રોજા
한국어: 사움
Հայերեն: Սաում
हिन्दी: सौम
hrvatski: Post u islamu
Bahasa Indonesia: Saum
italiano: Ṣawm
ქართული: საუმი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: روزُن
қазақша: Ораза
Kinyarwanda: Igisibo
Кыргызча: Орозо
Lëtzebuergesch: Saum
Bahasa Melayu: Ibadat puasa
Baso Minangkabau: Puaso
нохчийн: Марха
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Roʻza
پنجابی: روزہ
پښتو: روژه
polski: Saum
română: Sawm
русский: Ураза
සිංහල: සව්ම්
Simple English: Sawm
سنڌي: روزو
Soomaaliga: Soon
کوردی: ڕۆژوو
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Post u islamu
Basa Sunda: Saum
suomi: Saum
svenska: Sawm
Tagalog: Saum
татарча/tatarça: Ураза
తెలుగు: సౌమ్
ไทย: ศีลอด
тоҷикӣ: Рӯза
українська: Саум
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: روزا