Fanzine

Fanzines

A fanzine (blend of fan and magazine or -zine) is a non-professional and non-official publication produced by enthusiasts of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. The term was coined in an October 1940 science fiction fanzine by Russ Chauvenet and first popularized within science fiction fandom, and from there it was adopted by other communities.

Typically, publishers, editors, writers and other contributors of articles or illustrations to fanzines are not paid. Fanzines are traditionally circulated free of charge, or for a nominal cost to defray postage or production expenses. Copies are often offered in exchange for similar publications, or for contributions of art, articles, or letters of comment (LoCs), which are then published.

Some fanzines are typed and photocopied by amateurs using standard home office equipment. A few fanzines have developed into professional publications (sometimes known as "prozines"), and many professional writers were first published in fanzines; some continue to contribute to them after establishing a professional reputation. The term fanzine is sometimes confused with "fan magazine", but the latter term most often refers to commercially produced publications for (rather than by) fans.

Origin

The origins of amateur fanac "fan" publications are obscure, but can be traced at least back to 19th century literary groups in the United States which formed amateur press associations to publish collections of amateur fiction, poetry and commentary, such as H.P. Lovecraft's United Amateur.[citation needed] These publications were produced first on small tabletop printing presses, often by students.[citation needed]

As professional printing technology progressed, so did the technology of fanzines. Early fanzines were hand-drafted or typed on a manual typewriter and printed using primitive reproduction techniques (e.g., the spirit duplicator or even the hectograph). Only a very small number of copies could be made at a time, so circulation was extremely limited. The use of mimeograph machines enabled greater press runs, and the photocopier increased the speed and ease of publishing once more. Today, thanks to the advent of desktop publishing and self-publication, there is often little difference between the appearance of a fanzine and a professional magazine.

Other Languages
български: Фензин
català: Fanzine
čeština: Fanzin
Cymraeg: Ffansîn
dansk: Fanzine
Deutsch: Fanzine
Ελληνικά: Φανζίν
español: Fanzine
Esperanto: Fanzino
euskara: Fanzine
français: Fanzine
Frysk: Fanzine
furlan: Fanzine
galego: Fanzine
한국어: 팬 잡지
hrvatski: Fanzin
Bahasa Indonesia: Fanzine
italiano: Fanzine
עברית: פנזין
kurdî: Fanzîn
lietuvių: Fenzinas
magyar: Fanzin
македонски: Фанзин
Bahasa Melayu: Fanzine
Nederlands: Fanzine
norsk: Fanzine
português: Fanzine
русский: Фэнзин
српски / srpski: Fanzin
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fanzin
suomi: Fanzine
svenska: Fanzin
Türkçe: Fanzin
українська: Фензин