Fahd of Saudi Arabia

Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
فهد بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود
King of Saudi Arabia
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Defense.gov News Photo 981013-D-2987S-196 (cropped).jpg
King Fahd in 1998
King of Saudi Arabia
Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
Reign13 June 1982 – 1 August 2005
Bay'ah13 June 1982
RegentCrown Prince Abdullah
(21 February 1996 – 1 August 2005)
Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd
Died1 August 2005(2005-08-01) (aged 83–84)
King Faisal Hospital, Riyadh
Burial2 August 2005
IssueFaisal bin Fahd
Khaled bin Fahd
Muhammad bin Fahd
Saud bin Fahd
Sultan bin Fahd
Abdul Aziz bin Fahd
HouseHouse of Saud
FatherAbdulaziz of Saudi Arabia
MotherHassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi
ReligionWahhabi Hanbali Sunni Islam

Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (Arabic: فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعودFahd ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd; 1921[1][2] – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005. He was one of 45 sons of Saudi founder Ibn Saud and the fourth of his six sons who were kings (Saud, Faisal, Khalid, Fahd, Abdullah and Salman).

Fahd was appointed Crown Prince when his half-brother Khalid succeeded another half-brother King Faisal, who was assassinated in 1975. Fahd was viewed as the de facto Prime Minister during King Khalid's reign in part due to the latter's ill health. Fahd ascended to the throne on the death of King Khalid on 13 June 1982.

King Fahd is credited for having introduced the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia in 1992. He suffered a debilitating stroke in 1995, after which he was unable to continue performing his full official duties. His half-brother Abdullah, the country's Crown Prince, served as de facto regent of the kingdom, and succeeded Fahd as monarch upon his death in August 2005.

Early life and education

Fahd bin Abdulaziz was born in Riyadh in 1921.[3][4] He was the eighth son of Ibn Saud.[5] His mother was Hassa Al Sudairi[6] and he was the eldest member of the Sudairi Seven.[7]

Fahd's education took place at the Princes' School in Riyadh, a school established by Ibn Saud specifically for the education of members of the House of Saud.[8] He received education for four years as a result of his mother's urging.[9] While at the Princes' School, Fahd studied under tutors including Sheikh Abdul-Ghani Khayat.[10] He then went on to receive education at the Religious Knowledge Institute in Mecca.[8][11]

Other Languages
አማርኛ: ንጉስ ፋህድ
Bân-lâm-gú: Fahd
galego: Fahd I
Bahasa Indonesia: Fahd dari Arab Saudi
Lëtzebuergesch: Fahd ibn Abd al-Aziz
norsk nynorsk: Fahd av Saudi-Arabia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fahd ibn Abdulaziz as-Saud
Simple English: Fahd of Saudi Arabia
suomi: Fahd