Early years (1900–1965)
FC Bayern Munich was founded by members of a Munich gymnastics club (MTV 1879). When a congregation of members of MTV 1879 decided on 27 February 1900 that the footballers of the club would not be allowed to join the
(DFB), 11 members of the football division left the congregation and on the same evening founded Fußball-Club Bayern München. Within a few months, Bayern achieved high-scoring victories against all local rivals, including a 15–0 win against FC Nordstern,
 and reached the semi-finals of the 1900–01
 In the following years, the club won some local trophies and in 1910–11 Bayern joined the newly founded "Kreisliga", the first regional Bavarian league. The club won this league in its first year, but did not win it again until the beginning of
World War I in 1914, which halted all football activities in Germany.
In the years after the war, Bayern won several regional competitions before winning its first South German championship in 1926, an achievement repeated two years later.
 Its first national title was gained in
, when coach
Richard "Little Dombi" Kohn led the team to the
Eintracht Frankfurt 2–0 in the final.
The advent of
Nazism put an abrupt end to Bayern's development. Club president
Kurt Landauer and the coach, both of whom were Jewish, left the country. Many others in the club were also purged. Bayern was taunted as the "
Jew's club", while local rival
1860 Munich gained much support. Josef Sauter, who was inaugurated 1943, was the only NSDAP member as president. As some Bayern players greeted Landauer, who was watching a friendly in Switzerland lead to continued discrimination.
 Bayern was also affected by the ruling that football players had to be full amateurs again. In the following years, Bayern could not sustain its role of contender for the national title, achieving mid-table results in its regional league instead.
After the war, Bayern became a member of the
Oberliga Süd, the southern conference of the German first division, which was split five ways at that time. Bayern struggled, hiring and firing 13 coaches between 1945 and 1963. Landauer returned from exile in 1947 and was once again appointed club president, the tenure lasted until 1951. He remains as the club's president with the longest accumulated tenure. Landauer has been deemed as inventor of Bayern as a professional club and his memory is being upheld by the Bayern
 In 1955, the club was relegated but returned to the Oberliga in the following season and won the
DFB-Pokal for the first time, beating
Fortuna Düsseldorf 1–0 in the
 The club struggled financially though, verging on bankruptcy at the end of the 1950s. Manufacturer Roland Endler provided the necessary funds and was rewarded with four years at the helm of the club.
 In 1963, the Oberligas in Germany were consolidated into one national league, the
Bundesliga. Five teams from the Oberliga South were admitted. Bayern finished third in that year's southern division, but another Munich team, 1860 Munich, had won the championship. As the DFB preferred not to include two teams from one city, Bayern was not chosen for the Bundesliga.
 They gained promotion two years later, fielding a team with young talents like
Gerd Müller and
Sepp Maier — who would later be collectively referred to as the axis.
Golden years (1965–1979)
FC Bayern Munich against 1. FC Magdeburg in 1974
In their first Bundesliga
season, Bayern finished third and also won the
DFB-Pokal. This qualified them for the following year's
European Cup Winners' Cup, which they won in a dramatic
final against Scottish club
Franz Roth scored the decider in a 1–0
extra time victory.
 In 1967, Bayern retained the
DFB-Pokal, but slow overall progress saw
Branko Zebec take over as coach. He replaced Bayern's offensive style of play with a more disciplined approach, and in doing so achieved the first
in Bundesliga history in 1969. Bayern Munich are one of four German clubs to win the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal in the same season along with
1. FC Köln and
Werder Bremen. Zebec used only 13 players throughout
Udo Lattek took charge in 1970. After winning the
his first season, Lattek led Bayern to their
third German championship. The deciding match in the
1971–72 season against
Schalke 04 was the first match in the new
Olympiastadion, and was also the first live televised match in Bundesliga history. Bayern beat Schalke 5–1 and thus claimed the title, also setting several records, including points gained and goals scored.
 Bayern also won the next two championships, but the zenith was their triumph in the
1974 European Cup Final against
Atlético Madrid, which Bayern won 4–0 after a replay.
 This title – after winning the Cup Winners' trophy 1967 and two semi-finals (
1972) in that competition – marked the club's breakthrough as a force on the international stage. During the following years, the team was unsuccessful domestically but defended their European title by defeating
Leeds United in the
1975 European Cup Final when Roth and Müller secured victory with late goals. "We came back into the game and scored two lucky goals, so in the end, we were the winners but we were very, very lucky", stated Franz Beckenbauer.
Billy Bremner believed the French referee was "very suspicious". Leeds fans then rioted in
Paris and were banned from European football for three years.
 A year later in
defeated by another Roth goal and Bayern became the third club to win the trophy in three consecutive years. The final trophy won by Bayern in this era was the
, in which they defeated Brazilian club
Cruzeiro over two legs.
 The rest of the decade was a time of change and saw no further titles for Bayern. In 1977, Franz Beckenbauer left for
New York Cosmos and, in 1979, Sepp Maier and
Uli Hoeneß retired while Gerd Müller joined the
Fort Lauderdale Strikers.
Bayerndusel was coined during this period as an expression of either contempt or envy about the sometimes narrow and last-minute wins against other teams.
From FC Breitnigge to FC Hollywood (1979–1998)
The 1980s were a period of off-field turmoil for Bayern, with many changes in personnel and financial problems. On the field,
Paul Breitner and
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, termed FC Breitnigge, led the team to Bundesliga titles in
1981. Apart from a DFB-Pokal win in
1982, two relatively unsuccessful seasons followed, after which Breitner retired and former coach Udo Lattek returned. Bayern won the DFB-Pokal in
1984 and went on to win five Bundesliga championships in six seasons, including a
1986. European success, however, was elusive during the decade; Bayern managed to claim the runners-up spot in the European Cup in
Jupp Heynckes was hired as coach in 1987, but after two consecutive championships in
1989–90, Bayern's form dipped. After finishing second in
1990–91, the club finished just five points above the relegation places in
1993–94, Bayern was eliminated in the
UEFA Cup second round to
Premier League side
Norwich City, who remain the only English club to beat Bayern at the Olympiastadion. Success returned when Franz Beckenbauer took over for the second half of the 1993–94 season, winning the
championship again after a four-year gap. Beckenbauer was then appointed club president.
His successors as coach,
Giovanni Trapattoni and
Otto Rehhagel, both finished trophyless after a season, not meeting the club's high expectations.
 During this time, Bayern's players frequently appeared in the gossip pages of the press rather than the sports pages, resulting in the nickname FC Hollywood.
 Franz Beckenbauer briefly returned at the end of the
1995–96 season as caretaker coach and led his team to victory in the
UEFA Cup, beating
Bordeaux in the
final. For the
1996–97 season, Trapattoni returned to win
the championship. In the
following season, Bayern lost
the title to newly promoted
1. FC Kaiserslautern and Trapattoni had to take his leave for the second time.
Renewed international success (1998–present)
After his success at Borussia Dortmund, Bayern were coached by
Ottmar Hitzfeld from 1998 to 2004. In Hitzfeld's
first season, Bayern won the
Bundesliga and came close to winning the
Champions League, losing 2–1 to
Manchester United into injury time after leading for most of the
match. The following year, in
the club's centenary season, Bayern won the third
in its history. A third consecutive
Bundesliga title followed in
2001, won with a stoppage time goal on the final day of the league season.
 Days later, Bayern won the
Champions League for the fourth time after a 25-year gap, defeating
2001–02 season began with a win in the
Intercontinental Cup, but ended trophyless otherwise. In
2002–03, Bayern won their fourth double, leading the
league by a record margin of 16 points.
 Hitzfeld's reign ended in 2004, with Bayern underperforming, including defeat by second division
Alemannia Aachen in the
Felix Magath took over and led Bayern to two consecutive
. Prior to the start of the
2005–06 season, Bayern moved from the Olympiastadion to the new
Allianz Arena, which the club shares with 1860 Munich. On the field, their performance in
2006–07 was erratic. Trailing in the league and having lost to Alemannia Aachen in the cup yet again, coach Magath was sacked shortly after the winter break.
Hitzfeld returned as a trainer in January 2007, but Bayern finished the
2006–07 season in fourth position, thus failing to qualify for the
Champions League for the first time in more than a decade. Additional losses in the
DFB-Pokal and the
DFB-Ligapokal left the club with no honours for the season.
2007–08 season, Bayern made drastic squad changes to help rebuild. They signed a total of eight new players and sold, released or loaned out nine of their players.
 Among new signings were
2006 World Cup stars such as
Miroslav Klose and
Luca Toni. Bayern went on to win the
Bundesliga, being on top of the standings on every single week of play, and the
DFB-Pokal against Borussia Dortmund.
On 11 January 2008,
Jürgen Klinsmann was named as Hitzfeld's successor, taking charge on 1 July 2008 after signing a two-year contract.
 Bayern Munich lost the
DFL-Supercup 1–2 against Borussia Dortmund in 2008 then was eliminated by
Bayer Leverkusen in the quarter-finals of the
DFB-Pokal. In the
Champions League Bayern also reached the quarter-finals after winning Group F and defeating
Sporting CP in the first knockout round, achieving a Champions League record aggregate of 12–1. On 27 April, two days after a home defeat against Schalke 04 which saw Bayern drop to the third place in the table, Klinsmann was fired. Former trainer Jupp Heynckes was named as caretaker until the end of the season.
 Bayern eventually finished second, thus qualifying directly for the Champions League in 2009–10.
Bayern then signed
Louis van Gaal for the
2009–10 season. Multi-million signings of
Arjen Robben and
Mario Gómez also followed in a bid to return Bayern to the top of the European scene. On 8 May 2010, Bayern Munich won the
2009–10 Bundesliga after a 3–1 win at
 Bayern then won the
DFB-Pokal on 15 May 2010 to secure the domestic double.
 Bayern also reached the
2010 Champions League final, but were beaten 2–0 by
Inter Milan, failing to become the first German club to complete
2010–11 season, Bayern were eliminated in the first round of the
Champions League knockout phase by Inter Milan on the
away goals rule and finished third in the Bundesliga.
 Van Gaal was fired by Bayern in April 2011.
2011–12 season, Heynckes returned to coach Bayern for a second permanent spell but the team was to end the season without a trophy for the second season running. Domestically they finished second in the
Bundesliga and lost the
DFB-Pokal final 2–5, both times finishing runner-up to Borussia Dortmund. They also reached the
final of the Champions League in their home stadium, but lost to
Chelsea on penalties (3–4) in what was only the club's second defeat to an English team in Munich, and their first at the Allianz Arena.
2012–13 season, Bayern won the
2012 DFL-Supercup 2–1 against rivals Borussia Dortmund.
 Bayern became the first team in history to win their first eight matches in the Bundesliga after their 5–0 away win to
 On 6 April 2013, Bayern won the
2012–13 Bundesliga after a 1–0 win at
Eintracht Frankfurt with six games left, setting a new record for being the earliest ever Bundesliga winners.
Bundesliga records set by Bayern in the 2012–13 season include most points in a season (91), highest league winning points margin (25), most wins in a season (29) and fewest goals conceded in a season (18). Bayern also equaled the record for fewest defeats in a season, losing once, to Bayer Leverkusen. Bayern also reached the
Champions League final for the third time in four seasons, winning the club's fifth
European Cup with a 2–1 defeat of domestic rivals Borussia Dortmund at
 On 1 June 2013, Bayern beat
VfB Stuttgart 3–2 in the
2013 DFB-Pokal final to become the first German club in men's football to complete the treble; Bayern had missed out on trebles in 1999 and 2010.
On 1 July 2013,
Pep Guardiola took over as manager ahead of the
 Bayern also completed the signing of
Mario Götze from Borussia Dortmund for €37 million, who became the
German player in history (this was later surpassed by
Mesut Özil's transfer from
Real Madrid to
Arsenal for €50 million).
 On 24 July 2013, it was reported that Bayern had become the first German club with over 200,000 members.
 On 27 July 2013, Bayern Munich lost against rivals Borussia Dortmund 2–4 in the
2013 DFL-Supercup at
Signal Iduna Park.
 On 30 August 2013, Bayern won the
UEFA Super Cup against Chelsea.
 On 9 November 2013, Bayern set a new
record for most successive Bundesliga matches without defeat, breaking
Hamburger SV's 30-year-old record of 36 matches.
 This record was eventually extended to 53 matches, before Bayern lost 1–0 to
FC Augsburg in April 2014.
 On 27 November 2013, Bayern became the first team to
win ten consecutive Champions League matches with a 3–1 away victory over
 On 21 December 2013, Bayern beat
Raja Casablanca 2–0 at the
Stade de Marrakech to win the
2013 FIFA Club World Cup.
After almost a year of investigations against Uli Hoeneß, Bayern's former player, former long-time general manager, and president at the time, he was convicted of tax evasion on 13 March 2014. Hoeneß resigned as president the next day, and Karl Hopfner was elected president on 2 May. Just days after Hoeneß conviction, on 25 March, Bayern won their 24th
Bundesliga title by beating Hertha BSC 3–1 at the
Berlin. With seven matches remaining in the season, it was the earliest the championship had been won in Bundesliga history, breaking the record Bayern had set in the previous season.
 At the end of the season Bayern beat Borussia Dortmund 2–0 in the
2014 DFB-Pokal Final to give the club the tenth league and cup double in its history.
2014–15, Bayern defended their
league title, and, the following season, won an 11th double, including a record fourth consecutive Bundesliga title.
 At the end of the
2015–16 season, Guardiola left Bayern to take over as manager of
Manchester City and was replaced by
Bayern got off to a good start under Ancelotti, defeating Dortmund 2–0 in the
2016 DFL-Supercup. Despite being eliminated in the quarter-finals of the Champions League by
Real Madrid and the semi-finals of the DFB-Pokal by Borussia Dortmund, they managed to clinch a fifth consecutive
Bundesliga title with three matches remaining following a 6–0 away win over
 Ancelotti was sacked by Bayern on 28 September 2017 and replaced by interim manager
Willy Sagnol, following a 3–0 loss to PSG in the 2017–18 Champions League group stage and a slow start to the Bundesliga season that found them in third place.
 Sagnol was only in charge for eight days and managed only one game. On 9 October 2017 Jupp Heynckes returned for the fourth time to manage Bayern. Heynckes signed a contract until the end of the 2017–18 season.