Extremadura

Extremadura
Autonomous community
Extremadura (in Spanish)
Flag of Extremadura
Flag
Coat-of-arms of Extremadura
Coat of arms
Anthem: Himno de Extremadura
Map of Extremadura
Location of Extremadura within Spain
Coordinates: 39°N 6°W / 39°N 6°W / 39; -6
CountrySpain
CapitalMérida
ProvincesCáceres, and Badajoz
Government
 • TypeDevolved government in a constitutional monarchy
 • BodyGobierno de Extremadura
 • PresidentGuillermo Fernández Vara (PSOE)
Area
 • Total41,634 km2 (16,075 sq mi)
Area rank5th
Population (2016)
 • Total1,087,778
 • Rank12th
 • Density26/km2 (68/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Extremaduran, Extremenian
extremeño (m), extremeña
ISO 3166 codeES-EX
Statute of AutonomyFebruary 26, 1983
Official languagesSpanish
ParliamentAssembly of Extremadura
Congress10 deputies (out of 350)
Senate10 senators (out of 264)
Websitewww.gobex.es

Extremadura (ə/; Spanish: [e(ɣ)stɾemaˈðuɾa]; Extremaduran: Estremaúra [eʰtːɾemaˈuɾa]; Fala: Extremaúra;) is an autonomous community of western Iberian Peninsula whose capital city is Mérida, recognised by the State of Autonomy of Extremadura. It is made up of the two largest provinces of Spain: Cáceres and Badajoz. It is bordered by the provinces of Salamanca and Ávila (Castile and León) to the north; by provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castile–La Mancha) to the east, and by the provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Córdoba (Andalusia) to the south; and by Portugal to the west. Its official language is Spanish.

It is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe, which was designated a National Park in 2007, and the International Gobierno de Extremadura.

The Day of Extremadura is celebrated on 8 September. It coincides with the Catholic festivity of Our Lady of Guadalupe.

Geography

Extremadura is contained between 37° 57′ and 40° 85′ N latitude, and 4° 39′ and 7° 33′ W longitude.

The area of Extremadura is 41,633 km2 (16,075 sq mi), making it the fifth largest of the Spanish autonomous communities.

It is located in the Southern Plateau (a subdivision of the Central Plateau).

Topography

In the north is the Sistema Central with the highest point in Extremadura, 2,401 m (7,877 ft) high Calvitero. The main subranges of the Sistema Central in Extremadura are the Sierra de Gata and Sierra de Béjar.

In the centre is the Sierra de las Villuercas, which reaches an altitude of 1,603 m (5,259 ft) on the Pico de las Villuercas. Other notable ranges are Sierra de Montánchez and the Sierra de San Pedro, which form part of the greater Montes de Toledo system.[1]

To the south rises the Sierra Morena, which separates Extremadura from Andalusia, and the Sierra de Tentudía, with the highest peak in Extremadura as Pico Tentudía at 1,104 m (3,622 ft).

Hydrography

The Old city of Cáceres
The city of Guadalupe

There are four different hydrographic basins:

  • The basin of the Tagus (Spanish: Tajo), with two principal tributaries: on the right, the Tiétar and the Alagón; and on the left, the Almonte, Ibor, Salor and the Sever. The tributaries on the right edge carry a large quantity of water, which feed the gorges of the Sistema Central where the rainfall is abundant and the winter brings a great quantity of snow.
  • The basin of the Guadiana, which has principal tributaries: to the right: Guadarranque and Ruecas to the left: Zújar River which is its plentiful tributary and the Matachel.
  • The basin of the Guadalquivir with only 1,411 km2 (545 sq mi) in Extremadura (2.45% of total).
  • The basin of the Douro (Spanish: Duero) with only 35 km2 (14 sq mi) in Extremadura (0.04% of its basin).
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Extremadura
العربية: إكستريمادورا
aragonés: Estremadura
arpetan: Èstrèmadura
asturianu: Estremadura
Avañe'ẽ: Extremadura
azərbaycanca: Estremadura
беларуская: Эстрэмадура
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Эстрэмадура
български: Естремадура
bosanski: Ekstremadura
brezhoneg: Extremadura
català: Extremadura
Cebuano: Extremadura
čeština: Extremadura
Cymraeg: Extremadura
Deutsch: Extremadura
Ελληνικά: Εξτρεμαδούρα
español: Extremadura
Esperanto: Ekstremaduro
estremeñu: Estremaúra
euskara: Extremadura
français: Estrémadure
Gaeilge: Extremadura
Gàidhlig: Extremadura
galego: Estremadura
հայերեն: Էստրեմադուրա
hrvatski: Ekstremadura
Bahasa Indonesia: Extremadura
íslenska: Extremadúra
italiano: Estremadura
ქართული: ესტრემადურა
қазақша: Эстремадура
kernowek: Extremadura
Kreyòl ayisyen: Estremadure
Ladino: Estremadura
latviešu: Estremadura
Lëtzebuergesch: Extremadura
lietuvių: Estremadūra
Limburgs: Extremadura
magyar: Extremadura
македонски: Екстремадура
Māori: Extremadura
مازِرونی: اکسترمادورا
Bahasa Melayu: Extremadura
Nederlands: Extremadura
Nordfriisk: Ekstremaduura
norsk nynorsk: Extremadura
Novial: Extremadura
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Extremadura
Piemontèis: Estremadura
română: Extremadura
Runa Simi: Ikstrimadura
русский: Эстремадура
Seeltersk: Extremadura
sicilianu: Estremadura
Simple English: Extremadura
slovenčina: Estremadura
slovenščina: Extremadura
српски / srpski: Екстремадура
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ekstremadura
svenska: Extremadura
Tagalog: Extremadura
tarandíne: Estremadura
Türkçe: Ekstremadura
українська: Естремадура
Tiếng Việt: Extremadura
Winaray: Extremadura
Lingua Franca Nova: Estremadura