Exegesis

A Bible open to the Book of Isaiah

Exegesis (s/; from the Greek ἐξήγησις from ἐξηγεῖσθαι, "to lead out") is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, particularly a religious text. Traditionally the term was used primarily for work with the Bible; however, in modern usage "biblical exegesis" is used for greater specificity to distinguish it from any other broader critical text explanation.

Exegesis includes a wide range of critical disciplines: textual criticism is the investigation into the history and origins of the text, but exegesis may include the study of the historical and cultural backgrounds of the author, text, and original audience. Other analyses include classification of the type of literary genres presented in the text and analysis of grammatical and syntactical features in the text itself.

The terms exegesis and hermeneutics have been used interchangeably.

Usage

One who practices exegesis is called an exegete (t/; from Greek ἐξηγητής). The plural of exegesis is exegeses (z/). Adjectives are exegetic or exegetical (e.g., exegetical commentaries). In biblical exegesis, the opposite of exegesis (to draw out) is eisegesis (to draw in), in the sense of an eisegetic commentator "importing" or "drawing in" his or her own purely subjective interpretations into the text, unsupported by the text itself. Eisegesis is often used as a derogatory term.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Eksegese
አማርኛ: አንድምታ
български: Екзегеза
català: Exegesi
čeština: Exegeze
dansk: Eksegese
Deutsch: Exegese
español: Exégesis
Esperanto: Ekzegezo
euskara: Exegesi
français: Exégèse
galego: Exexese
հայերեն: Մեկնություն
hrvatski: Egzegeza
Ido: Exegezo
Bahasa Indonesia: Eksegesis
italiano: Esegesi
magyar: Egzegézis
Nederlands: Exegese
日本語: 聖書釈義
norsk: Eksegese
Plattdüütsch: Exegese
polski: Egzegeza
português: Exegese
română: Exegeză
русский: Экзегетика
slovenčina: Exegéza
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Egzegeza
svenska: Exegetik
українська: Екзегетика
اردو: تشریح
中文: 解经学