Evliya Çelebi

Evliya Çelebi
Evliya Celebi by Piros Rostás Bea (2014) in Eger, 2016 Hungary.jpg
Born
Derviş Mehmed Zillî

(1611-03-25)25 March 1611
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died1682
Other namesTchelebi in French
Tchalabi/Chalabi in English
Known forSeyahatname ("The Travelogue")

Derviş Mehmed Zillî (25 March 1611 – 1682), known as Evliya Çelebi (Ottoman Turkish: اوليا چلبى‎), was an Ottoman explorer who travelled through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands over a period of forty years, recording his commentary in a travelogue called the Seyahatname ("Book of Travel").[1] The name Çelebi is an honorific title meaning gentleman (see pre-1934 Turkish naming conventions).

Life

Evliya Çelebi was born in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1611 to a wealthy family from Kütahya. Both his parents were attached to the Ottoman court, his father, Derviş Mehmed Zilli, as a jeweller, and his mother as an Abkhazian relation of the grand vizier Melek Ahmed Pasha.[2] In his book, Evliya Çelebi traces his paternal genealogy back to Khoja Akhmet Yassawi, an early Sufi mystic.[3] Evliya Çelebi received a court education from the Imperial ulama (scholars).[4] He may have joined the Gulshani Sufi order, as he shows an intimate knowledge of their khanqah in Cairo, and a graffito exists in which he referred to himself as Evliya-yı Gülşenî ("Evliya of the Gülşenî").[citation needed]

A devout Muslim opposed to fanaticism, Evliya could recite the Quran from memory and joked freely about Islam. Though employed as clergy and entertainer to the Ottoman grandees, Evliya refused employment that would keep him from travelling.[4] His journal writing began in Constantinople, taking notes on buildings, markets, customs and culture, and in 1640 it was extended with accounts of his travels beyond the confines of the city. The collected notes of his travels form a ten-volume work called the Seyahatname ("Travelogue").

He fought the House of Habsburg in Principality of Transylvania[citation needed].

Evliya Çelebi died in 1684[5], it is unclear whether he was in Constantinople or Cairo at the time.

Other Languages
العربية: أوليا جلبي
azərbaycanca: Övliya Çələbi
تۆرکجه: اولیا چلبی
български: Евлия Челеби
brezhoneg: Evliya Çelebi
čeština: Evlija Čelebi
español: Evliya Çelebi
Esperanto: Evliya Çelebi
français: Evliya Çelebi
hrvatski: Evlija Čelebi
Bahasa Indonesia: Evliya Çelebi
italiano: Evliya Çelebi
ქართული: ევლია ჩელები
қазақша: Эвлия Челеби
македонски: Евлија Челебија
Mirandés: Evliya Çelebi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Avliyo Chalabiy
پنجابی: اولیا چلبی
português: Evliya Çelebi
română: Evliya Çelebi
русский: Эвлия Челеби
slovenčina: Evliya Çelebi
slovenščina: Evlija Čelebi
српски / srpski: Евлија Челебија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Evlija Čelebija
Türkçe: Evliya Çelebi
українська: Евлія Челебі