Life and career
Crone was born on 23 October 1975 in Schiedam, Netherlands. In high school, her curiosity about other people and their motivations led to her interest in psychology. For her post-graduate education, she spent a year-long internship at the University of Pittsburgh from 1997 to 1998, where she first developed a fascination with research on the brain after witnessing the first neuroimaging studies including young children were performed. In 1999, she received a Master's degree from the University of Amsterdam in developmental psychology. In 2003, she graduated cum laude in the same field and from the same university with her doctorate thesis, Performance monitoring and decision-making: Psychophysiological and developmental analyses. This thesis received multiple awards. She then spent two years working as a post doctoral associate at the Center for Mind and Brain at the University of California, Davis.
In 2005, Crone took a position as an assistant professor in the Department of Developmental Psychology at Leiden University, rising to associate professor in 2008. In 2009, she became a full professor of Neurocognitive Developmental Psychology at Leiden and also of Neurocognitive and Affective Adolescent development, at her alma mater, the University of Amsterdam, where she would work until 2014. At Leiden, she founded the Brain and Development laboratory in 2005. From its research, this lab "[offers] reference points for adapting education and society to adolescents’ capacities."