Eurasia

Eurasia
Eurasia (orthographic projection).svg
Area 55,000,000 km2 (21,000,000 sq mi)
Population 5,262,489,285 (As of November 19, 2017) [1] [2]
Population density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Demonym Eurasian
Countries ~ 90 countries
Dependencies 9 dependencies

Eurasia ə/ is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia. [3] [4] [5] The term is a portmanteau of its constituent continents (Europe and Asia). Located primarily in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and by Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean to the south. [6] The division between Europe and Asia as two different continents is a historical social construct, with no clear physical separation between them; thus, in some parts of the world, Eurasia is recognized as the largest of five or six continents. [5] In geology, Eurasia is often considered as a single rigid megablock. However, the rigidity of Eurasia is debated based on paleomagnetic data. [7] [8]

Eurasia covers around 55,000,000 square kilometres (21,000,000 sq mi), or around 36.2% of the Earth's total land area. The landmass contains around 5.0 billion people, equating to approximately 70% of the human population. Humans first settled in Eurasia between 60,000 and 125,000 years ago. Some major islands, including Great Britain, Iceland, and Ireland, and those of Japan, the Philippines and Indonesia, are often included under the popular definition of Eurasia, in spite of being separate from the contiguous landmass.

Physiographically, Eurasia is a single continent. [5] The concepts of Europe and Asia as distinct continents date back to antiquity and their borders are geologically arbitrary. In ancient times the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, along with their associated straits, were seen as separating the continents, but today the Ural and Caucasus ranges are more seen as the main delimiters between the two. Eurasia is connected to Africa at the Suez Canal, and Eurasia is sometimes combined with Africa to make the largest contiguous landmass on Earth called Afro-Eurasia. [9] Due to the vast landmass and differences in latitude, Eurasia exhibits all types of climate under the Köppen classification, including the harshest types of hot and cold temperatures, high and low precipitation and various types of ecosystems.

History

Eurasia formed 375 to 325 million years ago with the merging of Siberia, Kazakhstania, and Baltica, which was joined to Laurentia, now North America, to form Euramerica. Chinese cratons collided with Siberia's southern coast.

Eurasia has been the host of many ancient civilizations, including those based in Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley and China. In the Axial Age (mid- first millennium BC), a continuous belt of civilizations stretched through the Eurasian subtropical zone from the Atlantic to the Pacific. This belt became the mainstream of world history for two millennia.

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Еуразие
Afrikaans: Eurasië
Alemannisch: Eurasien
አማርኛ: አውርስያ
Ænglisc: Eurasia
العربية: أوراسيا
aragonés: Eurasia
arpetan: Erasia
অসমীয়া: ইউৰেছিয়া
asturianu: Eurasia
Avañe'ẽ: Eurásia
авар: Евразия
azərbaycanca: Avrasiya
تۆرکجه: اوْراسیا
Bân-lâm-gú: Au-A Tāi-lio̍k
башҡортса: Евразия
беларуская: Еўразія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Эўразія
भोजपुरी: यूरेशिया
Bikol Central: Eurasya
български: Евразия
bosanski: Evroazija
brezhoneg: Eurazia
буряад: Еврази
català: Euràsia
Чӑвашла: Еврази
čeština: Eurasie
Cymraeg: Ewrasia
dansk: Eurasien
Deutsch: Eurasien
dolnoserbski: Eurazija
eesti: Euraasia
Ελληνικά: Ευρασία
español: Eurasia
Esperanto: Eŭrazio
euskara: Eurasia
فارسی: اوراسیا
Fiji Hindi: Eurasia
føroyskt: Evrasia
français: Eurasie
Frysk: Jeraazje
furlan: Eurasie
Gaeilge: An Eoráise
Gagauz: Evraziya
Gàidhlig: Eoràisia
galego: Eurasia
گیلکی: اؤراسيا
ગુજરાતી: યુરેશીયા
한국어: 유라시아
Հայերեն: Եվրասիա
हिन्दी: यूरेशिया
hornjoserbsce: Eurazija
hrvatski: Euroazija
Ido: Eurazia
Ilokano: Eurasia
Bahasa Indonesia: Eurasia
interlingua: Eurasia
Interlingue: Eurasia
íslenska: Evrasía
italiano: Eurasia
עברית: אירואסיה
Basa Jawa: Eurasia
kalaallisut: Eurasia
ქართული: ევრაზია
қазақша: Еуразия
Kiswahili: Eurasia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ewazi
Kurdî: Ewrasya
Кыргызча: Евразия
кырык мары: Еврази
Ladino: Evrasia
latgaļu: Eurazeja
Latina: Eurasia
latviešu: Eirāzija
Lëtzebuergesch: Eurasien
lietuvių: Eurazija
Limburgs: Eurazië
lumbaart: Eurasia
magyar: Eurázsia
македонски: Евроазија
മലയാളം: യുറേഷ്യ
मराठी: युरेशिया
მარგალური: ევრაზია
Bahasa Melayu: Eurasia
монгол: Еврази
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ယူရေးရှား
Nederlands: Eurazië
नेपाल भाषा: युरेसिया
日本語: ユーラシア
нохчийн: Еврази
Nordfriisk: Euraasien
norsk: Eurasia
norsk nynorsk: Eurasia
Nouormand: Ûrâsie
occitan: Eurasia
олык марий: Евразий
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yevrosiyo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਯੂਰੇਸ਼ੀਆ
پنجابی: یوریشیا
پښتو: اوراسيا
Перем Коми: Евразия
Piemontèis: Eurasia
Plattdüütsch: Eurasien
polski: Eurazja
português: Eurásia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Evraziya
qırımtatarca: Avrasiya
română: Eurasia
Romani: Eurasiya
Runa Simi: Iwrasya
русиньскый: Евразія
русский: Евразия
Scots: Eurasie
Seeltersk: Eurasien
shqip: Euroazia
Simple English: Eurasia
slovenčina: Eurázia
slovenščina: Evrazija
ślůnski: Ojrazyjo
Soomaaliga: Ooraasiya
کوردی: ئەوراسیا
српски / srpski: Евроазија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Euroazija
Basa Sunda: Érasia
suomi: Euraasia
svenska: Eurasien
Tagalog: Eurasya
татарча/tatarça: Ауразия
తెలుగు: యురేషియా
тоҷикӣ: Евросиё
Türkçe: Avrasya
українська: Євразія
اردو: یوریشیا
vèneto: Eoraxia
vepsän kel’: Evrazii
Tiếng Việt: Lục địa Á-Âu
Võro: Õuraasia
Winaray: Eurasia
Wolof: Tugalasi
吴语: 歐亞大陸
Yorùbá: Ẹurásíà
粵語: 歐亞大陸
Zazaki: Ewrasya
žemaitėška: Eurazėjė
中文: 歐亞大陸