Eton College

Eton College
Motto Latin: Floreat Etona
May Eton flourish
Established 1440
Type Public
Religion Church of England
Head Master Simon Henderson
Lower Master Susan Wijeratna
Provost The Lord Waldegrave of North Hill
Founder Henry VI
Location Berkshire
51°29′31″N 0°36′29″W / 51°29′31″N 0°36′29″W / 51.492; -0.608
Local authority Windsor and Maidenhead
DfE URN 110158 Tables
Students ≈1,320
Gender Boys
Ages 13–18
Houses 25
Colours      Eton blue
Publication The Chronicle
The Spectrum
The Lexicon
Former pupils Old Etonians
School Song Carmen Etonense

Eton College ən/ [1] is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor. It educates more than 1,300 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as "The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor", [2] making it the 18th oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) school.

Eton is one of the original seven public schools as defined by the Public Schools Act 1868. Following the public school tradition, Eton is a full boarding school, which means all pupils live at the school, and it is one of four such remaining single-sex boys' public schools in the United Kingdom (the others being Harrow, Radley, and Winchester) to continue this practice. Eton has educated 19 British prime ministers and generations of the aristocracy and has been referred to as the chief nurse of England's statesmen. [3]

Eton charges up to £12,910 per term, with three terms per academic year, in 2017/18. [4] Eton was noted as being the sixth most expensive HMC boarding school in the UK in 2013/14, [5] However the school admits some boys with modest parental income: [6] in 2011 it was reported that around 250 boys received "significant" financial help from the school, [7] with the figure rising to 263 pupils in 2014, receiving the equivalent of around 60% of school fee assistance, whilst a further 63 received their education free of charge. Eton has also announced plans to increase the figure to around 320 pupils, with 70 educated free of charge, with the intention that the number of pupils receiving financial assistance from the school continues to increase. [6]


The school is headed by a Provost and Fellows (Board of Governors), who appoint the Head Master. It contains 25 boys' houses, each headed by a housemaster, selected from the more senior members of the teaching staff, which numbers some 155. [8] Almost all of the school's pupils go on to universities, about a third of them to Oxford or Cambridge. [9]

The Head Master is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and the school is a member of the Eton Group of independent schools in the United Kingdom.

Eton has a long list of distinguished former pupils. David Cameron was the 19th British prime minister to have attended the school, [10] [11] and recommended that Eton set up a school in the state sector to help drive up standards. [12]

16th-17th century coat of arms produced from the masonry of Eton College building.

Financial support

About 20% of pupils at Eton receive financial support, through a range of bursaries and scholarships. [13] The recent Head Master, Tony Little, said that Eton is developing plans to allow any boy to attend the school whatever his parents' income and, in 2011, said that around 250 boys received "significant" financial help from the school. [7] In early 2014, this figure had risen to 263 pupils receiving the equivalent of around 60% of school fee assistance, whilst a further 63 received their education free of charge. Little said that, in the short term, he wanted to ensure that around 320 pupils per year receive bursaries, and that 70 were educated free of charge, with the intention that the number of pupils receiving financial assistance would continue to increase. [6]

Changes to the school

Registration at birth, corporal punishment and fagging have been consigned to the past,[ citation needed] and by the mid-1990s, Eton ranked among Britain's top three schools in getting its pupils into Oxford and Cambridge. [14]

From the 1980s to 2016 Eton admitted more very wealthy students from around the world and fewer legacy students (students from families of previous alumni) from the UK; due to a sharp rise in tuition fees, the dissolution in 1990 of the "Eton List" that allowed alumni to pre-register their sons for enrollment, and changes in the school culture, fewer legacy families (families of previous alumni) enrolled. In 1960, 60% of the students were sons of Eton alumni, while 20% in 2016 were sons of Eton alumni. Its entrance examinations became more difficult and emphasis on academics increased. [15]


Eton has been described as the most famous public school in the world, [16] and been referred to as "the chief nurse of England's statesmen". [17]

Eton has educated generations of British and foreign aristocracy, and for the first time, members of the British royal family in direct line of succession: Prince William and his brother Prince Harry, in contrast to the royal tradition of male education at either naval college or Gordonstoun, or by tutors.

The Good Schools Guide called the school "the number one boys' public school", adding that "The teaching and facilities are second to none." [18] The school is a member of the G20 Schools Group.

Eton College, Provost's Garden
Eton College, Provost's Garden

Eton today is a larger school than it has been for much of its history. In 1678, there were 207 boys. In the late 18th century, there were about 300, while today, the total has risen to over 1,300. [19] [20]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Eton-kollege
العربية: كلية إيتون
azərbaycanca: İton kolleci
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ітан (каледж)
български: Итън Колидж
català: Eton College
čeština: Eton College
Cymraeg: Coleg Eton
Deutsch: Eton College
español: Eton College
Esperanto: Eton College
euskara: Eton College
فارسی: کالج ایتن
français: Collège d'Eton
한국어: 이튼 칼리지
Հայերեն: Իթըն քոլեջ
hrvatski: Eton College
Bahasa Indonesia: Eton College
italiano: Eton College
lietuvių: Itono koledžas
magyar: Eton College
Nederlands: Eton College
norsk nynorsk: Eton College
polski: Eton College
português: Eton College
Simple English: Eton College
slovenčina: Eton College
српски / srpski: Koledž Iton
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Eton College
svenska: Eton College
Türkçe: Eton College
українська: Ітонський коледж
Tiếng Việt: Eton College
吴语: 伊顿公学
粵語: 伊頓公學
中文: 伊顿公学