Ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan

This article focuses on ethnic minorities in the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Demographics

According to the 2009 census, ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan represent 8.9% of the population, including Lezgins (the largest minority group, making up 2.0% of the population), Russians (1.3%) and others, such as Talysh, Tats (Muslims and Judeo-Tats), Avars, Georgians, and Ashkenazi Jews, which comprise the remaining 3.9%.[1][2]

While Azerbaijanis formed a consistent majority, it is worth noting that there was a shift in the demographic trends in modern Azerbaijan even before the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Nagorno-Karabakh War, that lead to an exodus of some ethnic minorities, notably the Armenians and Russians, and conversely a large influx of Azerbaijani refugees from Armenia and Azerbaijani internally displaced persons from Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent territories, thus giving Azerbaijan a more homogeneous character.

Population of Azerbaijan according to ethnic group 1926–2009[3][4]
Ethnic
group
Census 19261 Census 19392 Census 19593 Census 19704 Census 19795 Census 19896 Census 19996 Census 2009[5]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Azerbaijanis 1,437,977 62.1 1,870,471 58.4 2,494,381 67.5 3,776,778 73.8 4,708,832 78.1 5,804,980 82.7 7,205,464 90.6 8,172,800 91.6
Lezgins 37,263 1.6 111,666 3.5 98,211 2.7 137,250 2.7 158,057 2.6 171,395 2.4 178,021 2.2 180,300 2.02
Armenians 282,004 12.2 388,025 12.1 442,089 12.0 483,520 9.4 475,486 7.9 390,505 5.6 120,7458 1.5 120,3008 1.35
Russians 220,545 9.5 528,318 16.5 501,282 13.6 510,059 10.0 475,255 7.9 392,304 5.6 141,687 1.8 119,300 1.35
Talysh 77,323 3.3 87,510 2.7 85 0.0 21,169 0.3 76,841 1.0 112,000 1.26
Avars 19,104 0.8 15,740 0.5 17,254 0.5 30,735 0.6 35,991 0.6 44,072 0.6 50,871 0.6 49,800 0.56
Turks 95 0.0 600 0.0 202 0.0 8,491 0.2 7,926 0.1 17,705 0.3 43,454 0.5 38,000 0,43
Tatars 9,948 0.4 27,591 0.9 29,370 0.8 31,353 0.6 31,204 0.5 28,019 0.4 30,011 0.4 25,900 0,29
Tat and Judeo-Tats 28,443 1.2 2,289 0.1 5,887 0.2 7,769 0.2 8,848 0.1 10,239 0.1 10,922 0.1 25,200 0.28
Ukrainians 18,241 0.8 23,643 0.7 25,778 0.7 29,160 0.6 26,402 0.4 32,345 0.5 28,984 0.4 21,500 0,24
Tsakhurs 15,552 0.7 6,464 0.2 2,876 0.1 6,208 0.1 8,546 0.1 13,318 0.2 15,877 0.2 12,300 0.14
Udins 2,445 0.1 3,202 0.1 5,492 0.1 5,841 0.1 6,125 0.1 4,152 0.1 3,800 0.04
Georgians 9,500 0.4 10,196 0.3 9,526 0.3 13,595 0.3 11,412 0.2 14,197 0.2 14,877 0.2 9,900 0.11
Jews 20,578 0.9 41,245 1.3 40,198 1.1 48,652 1.0 35,487 0.6 30,792 0.4 8,916 0.1 9,100 0.1
Kurds 41,1937 1.8 6,005 0.2 1,487 0.0 5,488 0.1 5,676 0.1 12,226 0.2 13,075 0.2 6,100 0.07
Others 94,360 4.1 85,387 2.7 25,889 0.7 22,531 0.4 31,552 0.5 31,787 0.5 9,541 0.1 9,500 0.11
Total 2,314,571 3,205,150 3,697,717 5,117,081 6,026,515 7,021,178 7,953,438 8,922,400
1 Source: [3]. 2 Source: [4]. 3 Source: [5]. 4 Source: [6]. 5 Source: [7]. 6 Source: [8]. 7 Almost all Kurds lived in Kurdistan Uyezd, the territory between Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh. In the late 1930s Soviet authorities deported most of the Kurdish population of Azerbaijan to Kazakhstan. 8 Almost all Armenians live in the break-away region of Nagorno Karabakh since the early 1990s.
Other Languages