Erlangen

Erlangen
View over Erlangen, 2012
View over Erlangen, 2012
Coat of arms of Erlangen
Coat of arms
Location of Erlangen
Erlangen is located in Germany
Erlangen
Erlangen
Erlangen is located in Bavaria
Erlangen
Erlangen
Coordinates: 49°35′N 11°1′E / 49°35′N 11°1′E / 49.583; 11.017
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionMiddle Franconia
Districtindependent city
Government
 • Lord MayorFlorian Janik (SPD)
Area
 • Total76.95 km2 (29.71 sq mi)
Elevation
279 m (915 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total110,998
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
91052, 91054, 91056, 91058
Dialling codes09131,
0911 (district Hüttendorf),
09132 (district Neuses),
09135 (district Dechsendorf)
www.erlangen.de

Erlangen (German pronunciation: [ˌɛɐ̯ˈlaŋən] (About this soundlisten); East Franconian: Erlang) is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany. It is the seat of the administrative district Erlangen-Höchstadt (former administrative district Erlangen) and with 113,164 inhabitants (as of 30 June 2018) it is the smallest of the eight major cities in Bavaria.[2] The number of inhabitants exceeded the limit of 100,000 in 1974, making Erlangen a major city.

Together with Nuremberg, Fürth and Schwabach, Erlangen forms one of the three metropolises in Bavaria. Together with the surrounding area, these cities form the European Metropolitan Region of Nuremberg, one of 11 metropolitan areas in Germany. Together with the cities of Nuremberg and Fürth, Erlangen also forms a triangle of cities, which represents the heartland of the Nuremberg conurbation.

An element of the city that goes back a long way in history, but is still noticeable, is the settlement of Huguenots after the withdrawal of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. Today, the city is dominated by the Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg and the Siemens technology group.

Geography

Erlangen is located on the edge of the Middle Franconian Basin[3] and at the floodplain of the Regnitz river.[4] The river divides the city into two halfs of approximately equal sizes. In the western part of the city the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal lies parallel to the Regnitz.

Neighboring municipalities

The following municipalities or non-municipal areas are adjacent to the city of Erlangen. They are listed clockwise, starting in the north:

The unincorporated area Mark, the municipalities Möhrendorf, Bubenreuth, Marloffstein, Spardorf and Buckenhof and the forest area Buckenhofer Forst (all belonging to the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt), the independent cities of Nuremberg and Fürth, the municipality Obermichelbach (district of Fürth), the city of Herzogenaurach and the municipality Hessdorf (both in the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt).

City arrangement

Districts and statistical districts of Erlangen
Gemarkungen of Erlangen

Erlangen officially consists of nine districts and 40 statistical districts, 39 of which are inhabited.[5] In addition, the urban area is subdivided into twelve land registry and land law relevant districts whose boundaries deviate largely from those of the statistical districts. The districts and statistical districts are partly formerly independent municipalities,[6][7] but also include newer settlements which names have also been coined as district names. The traditional and subjectively perceived boundaries of neighborhoods often deviate from the official ones.

Districts and statistical districts

  • Center
    • 01: Altstadt
    • 02: Markgrafenstadt
    • 03: Rathausplatz
    • 04: Tal
  • Regnitz
    • 10: Heiligenloh
    • 11: Alterlangen
    • 12: Steinforst
  • North
    • 20: Burgberg
    • 21: Meilwald
    • 22: Sieglitzhof
    • 23: Loewenich
    • 24: Buckenhofer Siedlung
    • 25: Stubenloh
  • East
    • 30: Röthelheim
    • 32: Sebaldus
    • 33: Röthelheimpark
  • South
    • 40: Anger
    • 41: Rathenau
    • 42: Schönfeld
    • 43: Forschungszentrum
    • 44: Bachfeld
    • 45: Bierlach
  • Southeast
  • Southwest
    • 60: Neuses
    • 61: Frauenaurach
    • 62: Kriegenbrunn
    • 63: Hüttendorf (Erlangen)|Hüttendorf
  • West
    • 70: Kosbach
    • 71: In der Reuth
    • 73: Häusling
    • 74: Steudach
    • 75: Industriehafen
    • 76: Büchenbach Dorf
    • 77: Büchenbach North
    • 78: Büchenbach West
  • Northwest
    • 80: Dechsendorf West
    • 81: Dechsendorf East
    • 82: Mönau (uninhabited)

Gemarkungen

Erlangen is divided into the following Gemarkungen:

  • Büchenbach
  • Bruck
  • Eltersdorf
  • Erlangen
  • Frauenaurach
  • Großdechsendorf
  • Hüttendorf
  • Klosterwald

Historical city districts

Some still common names of historical districts were not taken into account with the official designations. Examples are:

  • Brucker Werksiedlung (in Gemarkung Bruck)
  • Erba-Siedlung (in Gemarkung Bruck, am Anger)
  • Essenbach (near Burgberg, north of Schwabach)
  • Heusteg (in Gemarkung Großdechsendorf)
  • Königsmühle (in Gemarkung Eltersdorf)
  • Paprika-Siedlung (in Gemarkung Frauenaurach)
  • Schallershof (in Gemarkung Frauenaurach)
  • Siedlung Sonnenblick (in Gemarkung Büchenbach)
  • Stadtrandsiedlung (in Gemarkung Büchenbach)
  • St. Johann (in the statistical district Alterlangen)
  • Werker (near Burgberg, east of the Regnitz)
  • Zollhaus (eastern city center)

Climate

Erlangen is located in a transition zone from maritime to continental climate: the city is relatively low in precipitation (650mm per year), as usual in continental climate, but relatively warm with an annual mean temperature of 8.5 °C. The castle mountain in particular protects the area of the core city from cold polar air. In contrast, the Regnitzgrund is the cause of frequent fog.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Erlangen
العربية: إرلنغن
aragonés: Erlangen
asturianu: Erlangen
تۆرکجه: ارلانقن
Bân-lâm-gú: Erlangen
беларуская: Эрланген
български: Ерланген
Boarisch: Erlanga
brezhoneg: Erlangen
català: Erlangen
Чӑвашла: Эрланген
čeština: Erlangen
dansk: Erlangen
Deutsch: Erlangen
eesti: Erlangen
Ελληνικά: Έρλανγκεν
español: Erlangen
Esperanto: Erlangen
euskara: Erlangen
فارسی: ارلانگن
français: Erlangen
Frysk: Erlangen
galego: Erlangen
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Erlangen
한국어: 에를랑겐
հայերեն: Էռլանգեն
hornjoserbsce: Erlangen
hrvatski: Erlangen
Bahasa Indonesia: Erlangen
Interlingue: Erlangen
íslenska: Erlangen
italiano: Erlangen
עברית: ארלנגן
ქართული: ერლანგენი
қазақша: Эрланген
Kiswahili: Erlangen
Кыргызча: Эрланген
Latina: Erlanga
latviešu: Erlangene
Lëtzebuergesch: Erlangen
lietuvių: Erlangenas
lumbaart: Erlangen
magyar: Erlangen
македонски: Ерланген
Bahasa Melayu: Erlangen
Nederlands: Erlangen
Nordfriisk: Erlangen
norsk: Erlangen
norsk nynorsk: Erlangen
occitan: Erlangen
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Erlangen
پنجابی: ارلینجن
Plattdüütsch: Erlangen
polski: Erlangen
português: Erlangen
română: Erlangen
русский: Эрланген
Scots: Erlangen
Seeltersk: Erlangen
Simple English: Erlangen
slovenčina: Erlangen
ślůnski: Erlangen
српски / srpski: Ерланген
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Erlangen
suomi: Erlangen
svenska: Erlangen
татарча/tatarça: Эрланген
Türkçe: Erlangen
українська: Ерланген
Tiếng Việt: Erlangen
Volapük: Erlangen
Winaray: Erlangen
粵語: 埃朗根
中文: 埃朗根