View over Erlangen, 2012
| • |
|• Total||76.95 km2 (29.71 sq mi)|
|Elevation||279 m (915 ft)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
91052, 91054, 91056, 91058
0911 (district Hüttendorf),
09132 (district Neuses),
09135 (district Dechsendorf)
Erlangen (German pronunciation:
An element of the city that goes back a long way in history, but is still noticeable, is the settlement of
Erlangen is located on the edge of the Middle Franconian Basin and at the
The following municipalities or non-municipal areas are adjacent to the city of Erlangen. They are listed clockwise, starting in the north:
The unincorporated area Mark, the municipalities Möhrendorf, Bubenreuth, Marloffstein, Spardorf and Buckenhof and the forest area Buckenhofer Forst (all belonging to the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt), the independent cities of Nuremberg and Fürth, the municipality Obermichelbach (district of Fürth), the city of Herzogenaurach and the municipality Hessdorf (both in the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt).
Erlangen officially consists of nine districts and 40 statistical districts, 39 of which are inhabited. In addition, the urban area is subdivided into twelve land registry and land law relevant districts whose boundaries deviate largely from those of the statistical districts. The districts and statistical districts are partly formerly independent municipalities, but also include newer settlements which names have also been coined as district names. The traditional and subjectively perceived boundaries of neighborhoods often deviate from the official ones.
Erlangen is divided into the following
Some still common names of historical districts were not taken into account with the official designations. Examples are:
Erlangen is located in a transition zone from maritime to continental climate: the city is relatively low in precipitation (650mm per year), as usual in continental climate, but relatively warm with an annual mean temperature of 8.5 °C. The castle mountain in particular protects the area of the core city from cold polar air. In contrast, the Regnitzgrund is the cause of frequent fog.