Erlangen

Erlangen
View over Erlangen, 2012
View over Erlangen, 2012
Coat of arms of Erlangen
Coat of arms
Erlangen   is located in Germany
Erlangen
Erlangen
Coordinates: 49°35′N 11°1′E / 49°35′N 11°1′E / 49.583; 11.017
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionMittelfranken
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • Lord MayorFlorian Janik (SPD)
Area
 • Total76.95 km2 (29.71 sq mi)
Elevation279 m (915 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total110,238
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes91052, 91054, 91056, 91058
Dialling codes09131,
0911 (OT Hüttendorf),
09132 (OT Neuses),
09135 (OT Dechsendorf)
Vehicle registrationER
Websitewww.erlangen.de

Erlangen (German pronunciation: [ˌɛɐ̯ˈlaŋən] (About this sound listen); East Franconian: Erlang) is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany. It is located north-west of Nuremberg at the confluence of the river Regnitz and its large tributary, the Schwabach. Erlangen has 110,238 inhabitants (2016-12-31).

Erlangen is dominated by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the numerous branch offices of Siemens AG, as well as a large research Institute of the Fraunhofer Society and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light. An event that left its mark on the city was the settlement of Huguenots after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

Felix Klein's Erlangen program of 1872, considering the future of research in mathematics, is so called because Klein then taught at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.

Geography

Erlangen is located on the edge of the Middle Franconian Basin[2] and at the floodplain of the Regnitz river.[3] The river divides the city into two halfs of approximately equal sizes. In the western part of the city the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal lies parallel to the Regnitz.

Neighboring municipalities

The following municipalities or non-municipal areas are adjacent to the city of Erlangen. They are listed clockwise, starting in the north:

The unincorporated area Mark, the municipalities Möhrendorf, Bubenreuth, Marloffstein, Spardorf and Buckenhof and the forest area Buckenhofer Forst (all belonging to the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt), the independent cities of Nuremberg and Fürth, the municipality Obermichelbach (district of Fürth), the city of Herzogenaurach and the municipality Hessdorf (both in the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt).

City arrangement

Districts and statistical districts of Erlangen
Gemarkungen of Erlangen

Erlangen officially consists of nine districts and 40 statistical districts, 39 of which are inhabited.[4] In addition, the urban area is subdivided into twelve land registry and land law relevant districts whose boundaries deviate largely from those of the statistical districts. The districts and statistical districts are partly formerly independent municipalities,[5][6] but also include newer settlements which names have also been coined as district names. The traditional and subjectively perceived boundaries of neighborhoods often deviate from the official ones.

Districts and statistical districts

  • Center
    • 01: Altstadt
    • 02: Markgrafenstadt
    • 03: Rathausplatz
    • 04: Tal
  • Regnitz
    • 10: Heiligenloh
    • 11: Alterlangen
    • 12: Steinforst
  • North
    • 20: Burgberg
    • 21: Meilwald
    • 22: Sieglitzhof
    • 23: Loewenich
    • 24: Buckenhofer Siedlung
    • 25: Stubenloh
  • East
    • 30: Röthelheim
    • 32: Sebaldus
    • 33: Röthelheimpark
  • South
    • 40: Anger
    • 41: Rathenau
    • 42: Schönfeld
    • 43: Forschungszentrum
    • 44: Bachfeld
    • 45: Bierlach
  • Southeast
  • Southwest
    • 60: Neuses
    • 61: Frauenaurach
    • 62: Kriegenbrunn
    • 63: Hüttendorf (Erlangen)|Hüttendorf
  • West
    • 70: Kosbach
    • 71: In der Reuth
    • 73: Häusling
    • 74: Steudach
    • 75: Industriehafen
    • 76: Büchenbach Dorf
    • 77: Büchenbach North
    • 78: Büchenbach West
  • Northwest
    • 80: Dechsendorf West
    • 81: Dechsendorf East
    • 82: Mönau (uninhabited)

Gemarkungen

Erlangen is divided into the following Gemarkungen:

  • Büchenbach
  • Bruck
  • Eltersdorf
  • Erlangen
  • Frauenaurach
  • Großdechsendorf
  • Hüttendorf
  • Klosterwald

Historical city districts

Some still common names of historical districts were not taken into account with the official designations. Examples are:

  • Brucker Werksiedlung (in Gemarkung Bruck)
  • Erba-Siedlung (in Gemarkung Bruck, am Anger)
  • Essenbach (near Burgberg, north of Schwabach)
  • Heusteg (in Gemarkung Großdechsendorf)
  • Königsmühle (in Gemarkung Eltersdorf)
  • Paprika-Siedlung (in Gemarkung Frauenaurach)
  • Schallershof (in Gemarkung Frauenaurach)
  • Siedlung Sonnenblick (in Gemarkung Büchenbach)
  • Stadtrandsiedlung (in Gemarkung Büchenbach)
  • St. Johann (in the statistical district Alterlangen)
  • Werker (near Burgberg, east of the Regnitz)
  • Zollhaus (eastern city center)

Climate

Erlangen is located in a transition zone from maritime to continental climate: the city is relatively low in precipitation (650mm per year), as usual in continental climate, but relatively warm with an annual mean temperature of 8.5 °C. The castle mountain in particular protects the area of the core city from cold polar air. In contrast, the Regnitzgrund is the cause of frequent fog.[7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Erlangen
العربية: إرلنغن
aragonés: Erlangen
asturianu: Erlangen
تۆرکجه: ارلانقن
Bân-lâm-gú: Erlangen
беларуская: Эрланген
български: Ерланген
Boarisch: Erlanga
brezhoneg: Erlangen
català: Erlangen
Чӑвашла: Эрланген
čeština: Erlangen
dansk: Erlangen
Deutsch: Erlangen
eesti: Erlangen
Ελληνικά: Έρλανγκεν
español: Erlangen
Esperanto: Erlangen
euskara: Erlangen
فارسی: ارلانگن
français: Erlangen
Frysk: Erlangen
galego: Erlangen
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Erlangen
한국어: 에를랑겐
Հայերեն: Էռլանգեն
hornjoserbsce: Erlangen
hrvatski: Erlangen
Bahasa Indonesia: Erlangen
Interlingue: Erlangen
íslenska: Erlangen
italiano: Erlangen
עברית: ארלנגן
ქართული: ერლანგენი
қазақша: Эрланген
Kiswahili: Erlangen
Кыргызча: Эрланген
Latina: Erlanga
latviešu: Erlangene
Lëtzebuergesch: Erlangen
lietuvių: Erlangenas
lumbaart: Erlangen
magyar: Erlangen
македонски: Ерланген
Bahasa Melayu: Erlangen
Nederlands: Erlangen
Nordfriisk: Erlangen
norsk: Erlangen
norsk nynorsk: Erlangen
occitan: Erlangen
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Erlangen
پنجابی: ارلینجن
Plattdüütsch: Erlangen
polski: Erlangen
português: Erlangen
română: Erlangen
русский: Эрланген
Scots: Erlangen
Seeltersk: Erlangen
Simple English: Erlangen
slovenčina: Erlangen
ślůnski: Erlangen
српски / srpski: Ерланген
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Erlangen
suomi: Erlangen
svenska: Erlangen
татарча/tatarça: Эрланген
Türkçe: Erlangen
українська: Ерланген
Tiếng Việt: Erlangen
Volapük: Erlangen
Winaray: Erlangen
粵語: 埃朗根
中文: 埃朗根