Erlangen

Erlangen
View over Erlangen, 2012
View over Erlangen, 2012
Coat of arms of Erlangen
Coat of arms
Erlangen   is located in Germany
Erlangen
Erlangen
Coordinates: 49°35′N 11°1′E / 49°35′N 11°1′E / 49.583; 11.017
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionMittelfranken
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • Lord MayorFlorian Janik (SPD)
Area
 • Total76.95 km2 (29.71 sq mi)
Elevation279 m (915 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total110,238
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes91052, 91054, 91056, 91058
Dialling codes09131,
0911 (OT Hüttendorf),
09132 (OT Neuses),
09135 (OT Dechsendorf)
Vehicle registrationER
Websitewww.erlangen.de
Erlangen around 1915
Erlangen palace

Erlangen (German pronunciation: [ˌɛɐ̯ˈlaŋən] (About this sound listen); East Franconian: Erlang) is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany. It is located north-west of Nuremberg at the confluence of the river Regnitz and its large tributary, the Schwabach. Erlangen has 110.238 inhabitants (2016-12-31).

As of 2015 Erlangen is dominated by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the numerous branch offices of Siemens AG, as well as a large research Institute of the Fraunhofer Society and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light. An event that left its mark on the city was the settlement of Huguenots after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

Felix Klein's Erlangen program of 1872, considering the future of research in mathematics, is so called because Klein then taught at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.

History

Erlangen was first mentioned in official records in 1002 under the name of Villa Erlangon. In 1361, the village was sold to Emperor/King Charles IV. It became part of the Czech Kingdom. Three years later, a city was built close to the village, which in 1374 was given its own mint. In 1398, the municipal rights were confirmed by King Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia. In 1402, the city came into the possession of the House of Hohenzollern as part of the Principality of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (from 1603 on Brandenburg-Bayreuth), remaining under their rule until 1806. During the four year Napoleonic occupation, Erlangen was the capital of the so-called "Low County" (Unterland) of the principality, encompassing the area until Neustadt an der Aisch and separated from the "High County" (Oberland) by a land corridor. In 1810 it became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, together with the rest of former Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

While it was still part of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, the first French Huguenot refugees arrived in Erlangen in 1686. Margrave Christian Ernst of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, built a "new town" (Neustadt) for them. In 1706, the old town (just below the site of the annual Bergkirchweih) was almost completely destroyed by a fire, but soon rebuilt. In 1812, the old and new towns were merged into one.

In 1742, Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, founded a university for his royal seat of Bayreuth, but due to the rebelliousness of the local students, the university was transferred to Erlangen. Only later did it obtain the name of "Friedrich-Alexander-University" and become a Prussian state university. Famous students of these times were Johann Ludwig Tieck and Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder and Emmy Noether.

Already during the Bavarian municipal reform of 1818, the city was endowed with its own administration. In 1862, the canton administration Erlangen was founded, from which later arose the administrative district of Erlangen. In 1972, this district was merged with the administrative district of Höchstadt. Erlangen became the capital of this newly founded district Erlangen-Höchstadt. During this municipal reform, Erlangen was effectively enlarged considerably, thus in 1974 it had more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Erlangen
العربية: إرلنغن
aragonés: Erlangen
asturianu: Erlangen
تۆرکجه: ارلانقن
Bân-lâm-gú: Erlangen
беларуская: Эрланген
български: Ерланген
Boarisch: Erlanga
brezhoneg: Erlangen
català: Erlangen
Чӑвашла: Эрланген
čeština: Erlangen
dansk: Erlangen
Deutsch: Erlangen
eesti: Erlangen
Ελληνικά: Έρλανγκεν
español: Erlangen
Esperanto: Erlangen
euskara: Erlangen
فارسی: ارلانگن
français: Erlangen
Frysk: Erlangen
galego: Erlangen
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Erlangen
한국어: 에를랑겐
Հայերեն: Էռլանգեն
hornjoserbsce: Erlangen
hrvatski: Erlangen
Bahasa Indonesia: Erlangen
Interlingue: Erlangen
íslenska: Erlangen
italiano: Erlangen
עברית: ארלנגן
ქართული: ერლანგენი
қазақша: Эрланген
Kiswahili: Erlangen
Кыргызча: Эрланген
Latina: Erlanga
latviešu: Erlangene
Lëtzebuergesch: Erlangen
lietuvių: Erlangenas
lumbaart: Erlangen
magyar: Erlangen
македонски: Ерланген
Bahasa Melayu: Erlangen
Nederlands: Erlangen
Nordfriisk: Erlangen
norsk: Erlangen
norsk nynorsk: Erlangen
occitan: Erlangen
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Erlangen
پنجابی: ارلینجن
Plattdüütsch: Erlangen
polski: Erlangen
português: Erlangen
română: Erlangen
русский: Эрланген
Scots: Erlangen
Seeltersk: Erlangen
Simple English: Erlangen
slovenčina: Erlangen
ślůnski: Erlangen
српски / srpski: Ерланген
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Erlangen
suomi: Erlangen
svenska: Erlangen
татарча/tatarça: Эрланген
Türkçe: Erlangen
українська: Ерланген
Tiếng Việt: Erlangen
Volapük: Erlangen
Winaray: Erlangen
粵語: 埃朗根
中文: 埃朗根