Epic poetry

Tablet containing a fragment of the Epic of Gilgamesh

An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.[1]

Another type of epic poetry is epyllion (plural: epyllia), which is a brief narrative poem with a romantic or mythological theme. The term, which means "little epic", came into use in the nineteenth century. It refers primarily to the erudite, shorter hexameter poems of the Hellenistic period and the similar works composed at Rome from the age of the neoterics; to a lesser degree, the term includes some poems of the English Renaissance, particularly those influenced by Ovid.[citation needed] The most famous example of classical epyllion is perhaps Catullus 64.

Etymology

The English word epic comes from the Latin epicus, which itself comes from the Ancient Greek adjective ἐπικός (epikos), from ἔπος (epos),[2] "word, story, poem".[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Epos
Alemannisch: Epos
العربية: ملحمة
asturianu: Epopeya
azərbaycanca: Epos
বাংলা: মহাকাব্য
башҡортса: Эпос
беларуская: Эпас
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Эпас
български: Епос
Boarisch: Epos
brezhoneg: Meurgan
català: Poema èpic
Чӑвашла: Эпопея
čeština: Epos
dansk: Epos
Deutsch: Epos
eesti: Eepos
Ελληνικά: Έπος
эрзянь: Морокерькс
español: Epopeya
Esperanto: Epopeo
euskara: Epika
فارسی: حماسه
français: Épopée
Frysk: Epos
galego: Epopea
贛語: 史詩
한국어: 서사시
հայերեն: Էպոս
hrvatski: Ep
Ido: Epiko
Bahasa Indonesia: Wiracarita
interlingua: Epos
Interlingue: Epos
íslenska: Söguljóð
italiano: Poema epico
עברית: שירה אפית
Basa Jawa: Wiracarita
ქართული: ეპოსი
Kiswahili: Vigano
Кыргызча: Эпос
latviešu: Eposs
lietuvių: Epas
Limburgs: Epos
magyar: Eposz
മലയാളം: ഇതിഹാസം
مصرى: ملحمه
مازِرونی: سوت‌خونی
Bahasa Melayu: Epik
Nederlands: Epos
नेपाली: महाकाव्य
नेपाल भाषा: महाकाव्य
日本語: 叙事詩
нохчийн: Эпос
norsk: Epos
norsk nynorsk: Episk dikt
occitan: Epopèia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Epos
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਹਾਕਾਵਿ
polski: Epos
português: Poesia épica
română: Epopee
русский: Эпос
Simple English: Epic poetry
slovenčina: Epos
slovenščina: Ep
српски / srpski: Еп
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ep
Basa Sunda: Wiracarita
suomi: Eepos
svenska: Epos
தமிழ்: இதிகாசம்
татарча/tatarça: Эпос
Türkçe: Epik şiir
українська: Епос
اردو: رزمیہ
Tiếng Việt: Sử thi
walon: Epopêye
Winaray: Siday epiko
粵語: 史詩
žemaitėška: Eps
中文: 史诗