English as a lingua franca

  • english as a lingua franca (elf) is the use of the english language as "a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages".[1] elf is also "defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms"[2] whereas english as a second or foreign language aims at meeting native speaker norms and gives prominence to native speaker cultural aspects.[3] while lingua francas have been used for centuries, what makes elf a novel phenomenon is the extent to which it is used – both functionally and geographically. a typical elf conversation might involve swedish and japanese business persons chatting at a coffee break during an international conference held in nairobi, or an argentine tourist asking a local the way around berlin.

  • globalization and elf
  • features
  • "neutrality" of elf
  • elf and the native speaker
  • attitude and motivation
  • debates in elf
  • criticism
  • related terminology
  • see also
  • notes
  • references and further reading

English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language as "a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages".[1] ELF is also "defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms"[2] whereas English as a second or foreign language aims at meeting native speaker norms and gives prominence to native speaker cultural aspects.[3] While lingua francas have been used for centuries, what makes ELF a novel phenomenon is the extent to which it is used – both functionally and geographically. A typical ELF conversation might involve Swedish and Japanese business persons chatting at a coffee break during an international conference held in Nairobi, or an Argentine tourist asking a local the way around Berlin.