English alphabet

  • english alphabet
    dax sample.png
    an english pangram displaying all the characters in context, in dax regular typeface.
    type
    logographic (non-phonetic ideographic) and alphabetic
    languages
    • english
    • written english
    time period
    c.1500 to present
    parent systems
    (proto-writing)
    • egyptian hieroglyphs
      • proto-sinaitic alphabet
        • phoenician alphabet
          • greek alphabet
            • old italic script
              • latin alphabet
                • english alphabet
    child systems
    • iso basic latin alphabet
    • cherokee syllabary (in part)
    • scots alphabet
    • osage alphabet
    • saanich writing system
    • numerous other latin-based orthographies
    directionleft-to-right
    iso 15924latn, 215
    unicode alias
    latin
    u+0000 to u+007e basic latin and punctuation

    the modern english alphabet is a latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an upper- and lower-case form. it originated around the 7th century from the latin script. since then, letters have been added or removed to give the current modern english alphabet of 26 letters (the same as in the iso basic latin alphabet):

    • a a
    • b b
    • c c
    • d d
    • e e
    • f f
    • g g
    • h h
    • i i
    • j j
    • k k
    • l l
    • m m
    • n n
    • o o
    • p p
    • q q
    • r r
    • s s
    • t t
    • u u
    • v v
    • w w
    • x x
    • y y
    • z z

    the exact shape of printed letters varies depending on the typeface (and font), and the shape of handwritten letters can differ significantly from the standard printed form (and between individuals), especially when written in cursive style.

    english is the only major modern european language that requires no diacritics for native words. however, a diaeresis may be used to distinguish two vowels with separate pronunciation from a double vowel, such as "coöperation",[nb 1][1] and a grave may be used to indicate that a normally silent vowel is pronounced (as in learnèd). written english has a number of digraphs and some longer multigraphs.

  • letter names
  • diacritics
  • punctuation marks within words
  • frequencies
  • phonology
  • history
  • proposed reforms
  • see also
  • notes and references

English alphabet
Dax sample.png
An English pangram displaying all the characters in context, in Dax Regular typeface.
Type
Logographic (non-phonetic ideographic) and alphabetic
Languages
Time period
c.1500 to present
Parent systems
Child systems
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Latn, 215
Unicode alias
Latin
U+0000 to U+007E Basic Latin and punctuation

The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an upper- and lower-case form. It originated around the 7th century from the Latin script. Since then, letters have been added or removed to give the current Modern English alphabet of 26 letters (the same as in the ISO basic Latin alphabet):

The exact shape of printed letters varies depending on the typeface (and font), and the shape of handwritten letters can differ significantly from the standard printed form (and between individuals), especially when written in cursive style.

English is the only major modern European language that requires no diacritics for native words. However, a diaeresis may be used to distinguish two vowels with separate pronunciation from a double vowel, such as "coöperation",[nb 1][1] and a grave may be used to indicate that a normally silent vowel is pronounced (as in learnèd). Written English has a number of digraphs and some longer multigraphs.

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