Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships.

Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups. Several ethnic religious groups are traditionally more endogamous, although sometimes with the added dimension of requiring marital religious conversion. This permits an exogamous marriage, as the convert, by accepting the partner's religion, becomes accepted within the endogamous rules. Certain groups, such as Orthodox Jews adhering to endogamy in Judaism, have practised endogamy as an inherent part of their religious beliefs and traditions.


Endogamy can serve as a form of self-segregation; a community can use it to resist integrating and completely merging with surrounding populations. Minorities can use it to stay ethnically homogeneous over a long time as distinct communities within societies with other practices and beliefs.

The isolationist practices of endogamy may lead to a group's extinction, as genetic diseases may develop that can affect a larger percentage of the population. However, this disease effect would tend to be small unless there is a high degree of close inbreeding, or if the endogamous population becomes very small in size.

Other Languages
العربية: زواج الأقارب
azərbaycanca: Endoqamiya
беларуская: Эндагамія
Bikol Central: Endogamiya
català: Endogàmia
čeština: Endogamie
dansk: Endogami
Deutsch: Endogamie
eesti: Endogaamia
español: Endogamia
Esperanto: Endogamio
euskara: Endogamia
français: Endogamie
hrvatski: Endogamija
Bahasa Indonesia: Endogami
italiano: Endogamia
עברית: אנדוגמיה
magyar: Endogámia
Nederlands: Endogamie
日本語: 族内婚
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅੰਤਰ ਵਿਆਹ
polski: Endogamia
português: Endogamia
română: Endogamie
русский: Эндогамия
Simple English: Endogamy
српски / srpski: Ендогамија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Endogamija
suomi: Endogamia
svenska: Endogami
தமிழ்: அகமணம்
українська: Ендогамія
中文: 內婚制