Empress dowager

Empress dowager (also dowager empress or empress mother) ( Chinese: 皇太后; pinyin: húangtàihòu; Japanese: 皇太后( hiragana:こうたいごう) Korean( hangul)황태후; rōmaji: Kōtaigō; Korean pronunciation: Hwang Tae Hu; Vietnamese: Hoàng Thái Hậu) is the English language translation of the title given to the mother or widow of a Chinese, Japanese, Korean or Vietnamese emperor.

The title was also given occasionally to another woman of the same generation, while a woman from the previous generation was sometimes given the title of grand empress dowager ( Chinese: 太皇太后; pinyin: tàihúangtàihòu; Japanese: 太皇太后( hiragana:たいこうたいごう); rōmaji: Taikōtaigō; Korean pronunciation: Tae Hwang Tae Hu; Vietnamese: Thái Hoàng Thái Hậu). Numerous empress dowagers held regency during the reign of underage emperors. Many of the most prominent empress dowagers also extended their control for long periods after the emperor was old enough to govern. This was a source of political turmoil according to the traditional view of Chinese history.

The title dowager empress was given to the wife of a deceased emperor of Russia or Holy Roman emperor.

Other Languages
한국어: 황태후
Bahasa Indonesia: Janda permaisuri
монгол: Хатан эх
日本語: 皇太后
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Carica majka
Tiếng Việt: Hoàng thái hậu
中文: 皇太后