Empress dowager

For the 1975 Hong Kong film, see The Empress Dowager.

Empress dowager (also dowager empress or empress mother) ( Chinese and Japanese: 皇太后; pinyin: húangtàihòu; rōmaji: Kōtaigō; Korean pronunciation: Hwang Tae Hu; Vietnamese: Hoàng Thái Hậu) is the English language translation of the title given to the mother of a Chinese, Japanese, Korean or Vietnamese emperor.

The title was also given occasionally to another woman of the same generation, while a woman from the previous generation was sometimes given the title of grand empress dowager. Numerous empress dowagers held regency during the reign of underage emperors. Many of the most prominent empress dowagers also extended their control for long periods after the emperor was old enough to govern. This was a source of political turmoil according to the traditional view of Chinese history.

The title dowager empress was given to the wife of a deceased emperor of Russia or Holy Roman emperor.

Other Languages
한국어: 황태후
монгол: Хатан эх
日本語: 皇太后
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Carica majka
Tiếng Việt: Hoàng thái hậu
中文: 皇太后