Emperor of Japan
|Emperor of Japan|
since 7 January 1989
as official residence
|Website||The Imperial Household Agency|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the
Currently, the Emperor of Japan is the only head of state in the world with the English title of "
The role of the Emperor of Japan has historically alternated between a largely ceremonial symbolic role and that of an actual imperial ruler. Since the establishment of the first
Since the mid-nineteenth century, the
Unlike most constitutional monarchs, the Emperor is not even the nominal chief executive. Article 65 explicitly vests executive power in the
The Emperor's powers are limited only to important ceremonial functions. Article 4 of the Constitution stipulates that the Emperor "shall perform only such acts in matters of state as are provided for in the Constitution and he shall not have powers related to government." It also stipulates that "the advice and approval of the Cabinet shall be required for all acts of the Emperor in matters of state" (Article 3). Article 4 also states that these duties can be delegated by the Emperor as provided for by law.
While the Emperor formally
The Emperor's other duties are laid down in article 7 of the Constitution, where it is stated that "the Emperor, with the advice and approval of the Cabinet, shall perform the following acts in matters of state on behalf of the people." In practice, all of these duties are exercised only in accordance with the binding instructions of the Cabinet:
Regular ceremonies of the Emperor with a constitutional basis are the