Emperor Jimmu

Jimmu
Tennō Jimmu detail 01.jpg
Emperor of Japan
ReignFebruary 11, 660 BC – April 9, 585 BC (traditional)[1][2]
SuccessorSuizei
BornFebruary 13, 711 BC
Japan
DiedApril 9, 585 BCE (aged 126) (possibly mythical)
Japan
Burial
Unebi-yama no ushitora no sumi no misasagi (畝傍山東北陵) (Kashihara, Nara) (legendary)
Spouse
Issue
FatherUgayafukiaezu
MotherTamayori-hime
ReligionShinto
Emperor Jimmu
Japanese name
Kanji神武天皇

Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇, Jinmu-tennō) was the first Emperor of Japan, according to legend. His accession is traditionally dated as 660 BC.[3][4] According to Japanese mythology, he is a descendant of the sun goddess Amaterasu, through her grandson Ninigi, as well as a descendant of the storm god Susanoo. He launched a military expedition from Hyuga near the Seto Inland Sea, captured Yamato, and established this as his center of power. In modern Japan, Jimmu's accession is marked as National Foundation Day on February 11.

Name and title

Jimmu is recorded as Japan's first ruler in two early chronicles, Nihon Shoki (721) and Kojiki (712).[1] Nihon Shoki gives the dates of his reign as 660–585 BCE.[1] In the reign of Emperor Kanmu (737–806 CE),[5] the eighth-century scholar Ōmi no Mifune designated rulers before Ōjin as tennō (天皇, "heavenly sovereign"), a Japanese pendant to the Chinese imperial title Tiān-dì (天帝), and gave several of them including Jimmu their canonical names. Prior to this time, these rulers had been known as Sumera no mikoto/Ōkimi. This practice had begun under Empress Suiko, and took root after the Taika Reforms with the ascendancy of the Nakatomi clan.[6]

According to the legendary account in the Kojiki, Emperor Jimmu was born on February 13, 711 BCE (the first day of the first month of the Chinese calendar), and died, again according to legend, on April 9, 585 BCE (the eleventh day of the third month).

Both the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki give Jimmu's name as Kamu-yamato Iware-biko no Mikoto (神倭伊波礼琵古命) or Kamu-yamato Iware-biko no Sumeramikoto (神日本磐余彦天皇).[7] Iware indicates a toponym whose precise purport is unclear.

Among his other names were: Wakamikenu no Mikoto (若御毛沼命), Kamu-yamato Iware-biko hohodemi no Mikoto (神日本磐余彦火火出見尊) and Hikohohodemi (彦火火出見).

The Imperial House of Japan traditionally based its claim to the throne on its putative descent from the sun-goddess Amaterasu via Jimmu's great-grandfather Ninigi.[8]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Cimmu
Bân-lâm-gú: Sîn-bú Thian-hông
беларуская: Імператар Дзіму
català: Jinmu
čeština: Džimmu
Deutsch: Jimmu
español: Jinmu Tennō
Esperanto: Ĝimmu
français: Jinmu
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sṳ̀n-vú Thiên-fòng
한국어: 진무 천황
hrvatski: Jinmu
Bahasa Indonesia: Kaisar Jimmu
italiano: Jinmu
עברית: ג'ימו
ქართული: ძიმუ
Latina: Jimmu
latviešu: Džimmu
Bahasa Melayu: Maharaja Jimmu
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sìng-ū Tiĕng-huòng
Nederlands: Jimmu
日本語: 神武天皇
norsk: Jimmu
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dzimmu
polski: Jimmu
português: Jimmu
Simple English: Emperor Jimmu
slovenščina: Cesar Džinmu
српски / srpski: Џинму
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Car Jimmu
suomi: Jinmu
svenska: Jimmu
Türkçe: Jimmu
українська: Імператор Дзімму
Tiếng Việt: Thiên hoàng Jimmu
文言: 神武天皇
吴语: 神武天皇
粵語: 神武天皇
中文: 神武天皇