Emperor Guangwu of Han
Portrait of Emperor Guangwu from
|Reign||5 August 25 – 29 March 57|
|Born||13 January 5 BC|
|Died||29 March 57 (aged 62)|
|Father||Liu Qin (劉欽)|
|Emperor Guangwu of Han|
|Literal meaning||"The Bright and Martial Emperor of Han"|
Emperor Guangwu (born Liu Xiu; 15 January 5 BC – 29 March 57),
Liu Xiu was one of the many descendants of the Han imperial family. Following the usurpation of the Han throne by
He established his capital in
Emperor Guangwu's campaigns featured many able generals, but curiously, he lacked major strategists. That may very well be because he himself appeared to be a brilliant strategist; he often instructed his generals as to strategy from afar, and his predictions generally would be accurate. This was often emulated by later emperors who fancied themselves great strategists but who actually lacked Emperor Guangwu's brilliance—usually to great disastrous results.
Also unique among emperors in Chinese history was Emperor Guangwu's combination of decisiveness and mercy. He often sought out peaceful means rather than bellicose means of putting areas under his control. He was, in particular, one of the rare examples of a founding emperor of a dynasty who did not kill, out of jealousy or paranoia, any of the generals or officials who contributed to his victories after his rule was secure.
Liu Xiu was the sixth generation descendant of
Liu Qin was married to the daughter of one Fan Chong (樊重), and he and his wife had three sons –