Elon Musk

Elon Musk
A close-up of Musk's face while giving a speech
Musk in 2015
Born Elon Reeve Musk
(1971-06-28) June 28, 1971 (age 46)
Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa
Residence Bel Air, Los Angeles, California, U.S. [1] [2]
Citizenship
Alma mater
Occupation Entrepreneur, engineer, inventor, and investor
Net worth US$20.7 billion (February 2018) [5]
Title
Spouse(s)
Children 6
Parent(s)
Relatives
Signature
Elon Musk

Elon Reeve Musk ( k/; born June 28, 1971) is a South African-born Canadian American business magnate, investor, [8] [9] engineer, [10] and inventor. [15] [16] He is the founder, CEO, and lead designer of SpaceX; co-founder, CEO, and product architect of Tesla, Inc.; and chairman of SolarCity. In December 2016, he was ranked 21st on the Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful People. [17] As of February 2018, he has a net worth of $20.8 billion and is listed by Forbes as the 53rd richest person in the world. [18]

Born in Pretoria, Musk taught himself computer programming at the age of 12. He moved to Canada when he was 17 to attend Queen's University. He transferred to the University of Pennsylvania two years later, where he received an economics degree from the Wharton School and a degree in physics from the College of Arts and Sciences. He began a PhD in applied physics and material sciences at Stanford University in 1995 but dropped out after two days to pursue an entrepreneurial career. He subsequently co-founded Zip2, a web software company, which was acquired by Compaq for $340 million in 1999. Musk then founded X.com, an online payment company. It merged with Confinity in 2000 and became PayPal, which was bought by eBay for $1.5 billion in October 2002. [23]

In May 2002 Musk founded SpaceX, an aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company, of which he is CEO and lead designer. He co-founded Tesla, Inc., an electric vehicle and solar panel manufacturer, in 2003, and operates as its CEO and product architect. In 2006 he inspired the creation of SolarCity, a solar energy services company that is now a subsidiary of Tesla, and operates as its chairman. In 2015 Musk co-founded OpenAI, a nonprofit research company that aims to promote friendly artificial intelligence, and serves as its co-chair. He co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology company focused on developing brain–computer interfaces, in July 2016 and is its CEO. He founded The Boring Company, an infrastructure and tunnel-construction company, in December 2016.

In addition to his primary business pursuits, Musk has envisioned a high-speed transportation system known as the Hyperloop, and has proposed a vertical take-off and landing supersonic jet electric aircraft with electric fan propulsion, known as the Musk electric jet. [24] [25] Musk has stated that the goals of SpaceX, Tesla, and SolarCity revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. [26] His goals include reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption, and reducing the "risk of human extinction" by establishing a human colony on Mars. [27]

Early life

Early childhood

Musk was born on June 28, 1971, in Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa, [28] the son of Maye Musk (née Haldeman), a model and dietician from Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, [29] and Errol Musk, a South African electromechanical engineer, pilot, and sailor. He has a younger brother, Kimbal (born 1972), and a younger sister, Tosca (born 1974). [33] His paternal grandmother was British, and he also has Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry. [34] [35] His maternal grandfather was American, from Minnesota. [36] After his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria, [34] which Musk chose two years after his parents split up, but now says was "not a good idea". [37] As an adult, Musk has severed relations with his father. [37] He has a half sister. [38]

During his childhood he was an avid reader. [39] At age 10, he developed an interest in computing with the Commodore VIC-20. [40] He taught himself computer programming at the age of 12, sold the code of a BASIC-based video game he created called Blastar, to a magazine called PC and Office Technology, for approximately $500. [41] [42] A web version of the game is available online. [41] [43] His childhood reading included Isaac Asimov's Foundation series from which he drew the lesson that "you should try to take the set of actions that are likely to prolong civilization, minimize the probability of a dark age and reduce the length of a dark age if there is one." [37]

Musk was severely bullied throughout his childhood, [37] and was once hospitalized when a group of boys threw him down a flight of stairs and then beat him until he lost consciousness. [39] [44]

Musk attended Waterkloof House Preparatory School, and Bryanston High School [44] before graduating from Pretoria Boys High School. He moved to Canada in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday, [45] after obtaining Canadian citizenship through his Canadian-born mother. [46] [47]

Education

At the age of 17, Musk was accepted into Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, for undergraduate study. In 1992, after spending two years at Queen's University, Musk transferred to the University of Pennsylvania, where in May 1997 he received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from its College of Arts and Sciences, and a Bachelor of Science degree in economics from its Wharton School of Business. Musk extended his studies for one year to finish the second bachelor's degree. [39] [48] While at the University of Pennsylvania, Musk and fellow Penn student Adeo Ressi rented a 10-bedroom fraternity house, using it as an unofficial nightclub. [39]

In 1995, at age 24, Musk moved to California to begin a PhD in applied physics and materials science at Stanford University, but left the program after two days to pursue his entrepreneurial aspirations in the areas of the internet, renewable energy and outer space. [42] [49] In 2002, he became a U.S. citizen. [50] [51]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Elon Musk
العربية: إيلون مسك
asturianu: Elon Musk
azərbaycanca: İlon Mask
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Bân-lâm-gú: Elon Musk
беларуская: Ілан Маск
भोजपुरी: इलोन मस्क
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Ελληνικά: Έλον Μασκ
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한국어: 일론 머스크
Հայերեն: Իլոն Մասկ
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italiano: Elon Musk
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ქართული: ელონ მასკი
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Кыргызча: Илон Маск
latviešu: Īlons Masks
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मैथिली: इलोन मस्क
Malagasy: Elon Musk
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मराठी: इलॉन मस्क
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монгол: Элон Маск
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नेपाली: इलोन मस्क
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occitan: Elon Musk
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Elon Musk
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português: Elon Musk
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русский: Маск, Илон
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shqip: Elon Musk
Simple English: Elon Musk
slovenčina: Elon Musk
српски / srpski: Илон Маск
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Elon Musk
suomi: Elon Musk
svenska: Elon Musk
татарча/tatarça: İlon Mask
తెలుగు: ఎలన్ మస్క్
Türkçe: Elon Musk
українська: Ілон Маск
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