Elefant

Panzerjäger Tiger (P)
Elefant USAOM-01.jpg
The United States Army Ordnance Museum's restored Elefant.
TypeHeavy tank destroyer
Place of originNazi Germany
Production history
DesignerFerdinand Porsche
Designed1942–1943
ManufacturerPorsche GmbH
ProducedMarch–May 1943
(modification into Elefant October–November 1943)
No. built91
Specifications
Weight65 tonnes (143,000 lb)
Length8.14 m (26 ft 8 in) with gun
Width3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)
Height2.97 m (9 ft 9 in)
Crew6 (driver, radio-operator, commander, gunner, two loaders)

Armor200 mm (7.87 in) maximum
Main
armament
8.8 cm Pak 43/2 L/71, also known as StuK 43/1
Secondary
armament
7.92 mm MG 34 machine gun (Elefant only)
Engine2 × Maybach HL 120 petrol
600 PS (592 hp, 442 kW)
Power/weight9.2 PS (6.8 kW) / tonne
Suspensionlongitudinal torsion-bar
Operational
range
150 km (93 mi) road
90 km (56 mi) cross-country
Speed30 kilometres per hour (19 mph)

The Elefant (German for "elephant") was a heavy tank destroyer used by German Wehrmacht Panzerjäger during World War II. Ninety-one units were built in 1943 under the name Ferdinand, after its designer Ferdinand Porsche, using tank hulls produced for the Tiger I tank design abandoned in favour of a Henschel design.

In 1944, after modification of the existing vehicles, they were renamed Elefant. The official German designation was Panzerjäger Tiger (P)[Note 1] and the ordnance inventory designation was Sd. Kfz. 184.

Development history

Porsche's pre-Elefant, turreted Tiger I prototype

Porsche GmbH had manufactured about 100 chassis for their unsuccessful proposal for the Tiger tank, the "Porsche Tiger", in the Nibelungenwerk factory in Sankt Valentin, Austria. Both the successful Henschel proposal and the Porsche design used the same Krupp-designed turret—the Henschel design had its turret more-or-less centrally located on its hull, while the Porsche design placed the turret much closer to the front of the superstructure. Since the competing Henschel Tiger design was chosen for production, the Porsche chassis were no longer required for the Tiger tank project. It was therefore decided that the Porsche chassis were to be used as the basis of a new heavy tank destroyer, Ferdinand, mounting Krupp's newly developed 88 mm (3.5 in) Panzerjägerkanone 43/2[1][2][3] anti-tank gun. This precise long-range weapon was intended to destroy enemy tanks before they came within their own range of effective fire.

Ferdinand was intended to supplant previous light tank destroyers, such as Marder II and Marder III, in the offensive role. A similar gun was used in the lightly armored Hornisse (later known as Nashorn) tank destroyer, built at the same time.

Other Languages
العربية: إيليفانت
azərbaycanca: Ferdinand (Tank)
български: Елефант
eesti: Elefant
español: Elefant
한국어: 엘레판트
hrvatski: Elefant
Bahasa Indonesia: Panzerjager Ferdinand
Nederlands: Elefant
polski: Elefant
српски / srpski: Елефант
suomi: Elefant
українська: Ferdinand
Tiếng Việt: Elefant