Electronic dance music

Electronic dance music (also known as EDM, dance music, [1] club music, or simply dance) is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals. EDM is generally produced for playback by disc jockeys (DJs) who create seamless selections of tracks, called a mix, by segueing from one recording to another. [2] EDM producers also perform their music live in a concert or festival setting in what is sometimes called a live PA. In the United Kingdom and in continental Europe, EDM is more commonly called 'dance music' or simply 'dance'. [3]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, following the emergence of raving, pirate radio, and an upsurge of interest in club culture, EDM acquired mainstream popularity in Europe. During the mid to late 1990s, despite the initial success of a number of dance acts in the United States, acceptance of dance culture was not universal, and mainstream media outlets remained hostile to its music. At this time, a perceived association between EDM and drug culture led governments at state and city level to enact laws and policies intended to halt the spread of rave culture. [4]

By the early 2010s, the term "electronic dance music" and the initialism "EDM" was being pushed by the United States music industry and music press in an effort to rebrand American rave culture. [4] Despite the industry's attempt to create a specific EDM brand, the initialism remains in use as an umbrella term for multiple genres, including house, techno, trance, drum and bass, dubstep, and their respective subgenres. [5] [6] [7] [8]

Pioneers of electronic music and early EDM

Robert Arthur "Bob" Moog (/ˈmoʊɡ/ MOHG; May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005), founder of Moog Music, was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer. Early examples of electronic dance music [9] the disco music of Giorgio Moroder in the late 1970s, and the electronic music of Kraftwerk and Yellow Magic Orchestra in the late 1970s. Think of early electronic music and you’ll probably picture the disco anthems of the late 1970s and early 1980s. Although electronic music didn’t become popular until the mid 1970s, artists were using electronic instruments as early as the 1960s.

Progressive rock bands like Pink Floyd made the iconic Moog synthesizer one of the most important aspects of their sound. Pop rock bands like The Beatles also began to incorporate keyboards and synthesizers into some of their experimental songs.

At the same time, composers were using new instruments like the Theremin in their work, particularly in the film industry. The commercial Moog synthesizer, released in the mid-1960s, is regarded as the first iconic instrument of electronic music.

Disco

In 1974, George McCrae's early disco hit " Rock Your Baby" was one of the first records to use a drum machine, [10] an early Roland rhythm machine. [11] Its use of a drum machine was anticipated by Sly and the Family Stone's " Family Affair" (1971), which anticipated the sound of disco, with its rhythm echoed in "Rock Your Baby". [12] The use of drum machines in "Family Affair" [12] and Timmy Thomas' " Why Can't We Live Together" (1972), [13] which used a 1972 Roland rhythm machine, [11] influenced the adoption of drum machines by later disco artists. [12] [13] Disco producer Biddu used synthesizers in several disco songs from 1976 to 1977, including "Bionic Boogie" from Rain Forest (1976), [14] "Soul Coaxing" (1977), [15] and Eastern Man and Futuristic Journey [16] [17] (recorded from 1976 to 1977). [18]

European acts Silver Convention, Love and Kisses, Munich Machine, and American acts Donna Summer and the Village People were acts that defined the late 1970s Euro disco sound. In 1977, Giorgio Moroder and Pete Bellotte produced " I Feel Love" for Donna Summer. It became the first well-known disco hit to have a completely synthesised backing track. Other disco producers, most famously American producer Tom Moulton, grabbed ideas and techniques from dub music (which came with the increased Jamaican migration to New York City in the seventies) to provide alternatives to the four on the floor style that dominated. [19] [20] During the early 1980s, the popularity of disco music sharply declined in the United States, abandoned by major US record labels and producers. Euro disco continued evolving within the broad mainstream pop music scene. [21]

The early 1980s also saw the emergence of an electronic South Asian disco scene in India and Pakistan, popularized by Biddu, Nazia Hassan, R.D. Burman, and Bappi Lahiri. [22] [23] [24] A notable experimental record to emerge from the Indian disco scene was Charanjit Singh's Synthesizing: Ten Ragas to a Disco Beat (1982), which anticipated the sound of acid house music, years before the genre arose in the Chicago house scene of the late 1980s. [23] [24] [25]

Other Languages
asturianu: Dance
català: Dance
dansk: Dance
español: Dance
français: Dance
Հայերեն: EDM
hrvatski: Dance
Bahasa Indonesia: Musik dansa elektronik
ქართული: EDM
magyar: Dance
Nederlands: Dance
Nedersaksies: Daansmeziek
русский: EDM
Simple English: Electronic dance music
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dance
українська: EDM
中文: 電子舞曲