Edwin Lutyens

Sir Edwin Lutyens
OM KCIE RA FRIBA
Edwin Lutyens.jpg
Born Edwin Landseer Lutyens
(1869-03-29)29 March 1869
Kensington, London, England
Died 1 January 1944(1944-01-01) (aged 74)
Marylebone, London, England, [1]
Alma mater Royal College of Art
Occupation Architect
Buildings
Projects New Delhi

Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, RA, FRIBA ( z/; LUT-yənz; 29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He designed many English country houses, war memorials and public buildings. The architectural historian Gavin Stamp described him as "surely the greatest British architect of the twentieth (or of any other) century". [2]

Lutyens played an instrumental role in designing and building New Delhi, which would later on serve as the seat of the Government of India. [3] In recognition of his contribution, New Delhi is also known as " Lutyens' Delhi". In collaboration with Sir Herbert Baker, he was also the main architect of several monuments in New Delhi such as the India Gate; he also designed Viceroy's House, which is now known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan. [4] [5]

Early life

Lutyens was born in Kensington, London, [6] the tenth of thirteen children of Captain Charles Henry Augustus Lutyens (1829–1915), a soldier and painter, and Mary Theresa Gallwey (1832/33–1906) from Killarney, Ireland. [7] [8] He grew up in Thursley, Surrey. He was named after a friend of his father, the painter and sculptor Edwin Henry Landseer. For many years he worked from offices at 29 Bloomsbury Square, London. Lutyens studied architecture at South Kensington School of Art, London from 1885 to 1887. After college he joined the Ernest George and Harold Peto architectural practice. It was here that he first met Sir Herbert Baker.

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