Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens,
LUT-yənz; 29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He designed many
English country houses,
war memorials and public buildings. In his biography, the writer
Christopher Hussey wrote, "In his lifetime (Lutyens) was widely held to be our greatest architect since
Wren if not, as many maintained, his superior". The architectural historian
Gavin Stamp described him as "surely the greatest British architect of the twentieth (or of any other) century".
Lutyens played an instrumental role in designing and building
New Delhi, which would later on serve as the seat of the
Government of India.
 In recognition of his contribution, New Delhi is also known as "
Lutyens' Delhi". In collaboration with
Sir Herbert Baker, he was also the main architect of several monuments in New Delhi such as the
India Gate; he also designed Viceroy's House, which is now known as the