The discipline was renamed in the late 19th century primarily due to
Alfred Marshall from "
political economy" to "economics" as a shorter term for "economic science". At that time, it became more open to rigorous thinking and made increased use of mathematics, which helped support efforts to have it accepted as a science and as a separate discipline outside of political science and other social sciences.
 The ultimate goal of economics is to improve the living conditions of people in their everyday life.
Economic analysis can be applied throughout society, in
health care, and government. Economic analysis is sometimes also applied to such diverse subjects as crime,
social institutions, war,