East Timor

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Repúblika Demokrátika Timór Lorosa'e  ( Tetum)
  • República Democrática de Timor-Leste   ( Portuguese)
Motto: "Unidade, Acção, Progresso" (Portuguese)
"Unidade, Asaun, Progresu" (Tetum)
"Unity, Action, Progress"
Anthem:  Pátria (Portuguese)
"Fatherland"
Location of Timor-Leste
Location of Timor-Leste
Capital
and largest city
Dili
8°20′S 125°20′E / 8°20′S 125°20′E / -8.34; 125.34
Official languages
National languages
Religion (2010 [1]) 96.9% Roman Catholic
3.1% other religions
Demonym East Timorese; Timorese
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic [2] [3] [4]
•  President
Francisco Guterres
Mari Alkatiri
Legislature National Parliament
Formation
16th Century
• Independence declared
28 November 1975
17 July 1976
• Independence restored
20 May 2002
Area
• Total
15,410 [5] km2 (5,950 sq mi) ( 154th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2015 census
1,167,242 [6]
• Density
78/km2 (202.0/sq mi)
GDP ( PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$4.567 billion [7]
• Per capita
$5,479 [7] ( 148th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Total
$2.498 billion [7]
• Per capita
$3,330 [7]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.605 [8]
medium ·  133rd
Currency United States Dollarb ( USD)
Time zone ( UTC+9)
Drives on the left
Calling code +670
ISO 3166 code TL
Internet TLD .tlc
  1. Fifteen further "national languages" are recognised by the Constitution.
  2. Centavo coins also used.
  3. .tp has been phased out.

East Timor ( ɔːr/ ( About this sound  listen)) or Timor-Leste ( /; Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste [9] ( Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste, [10] Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), [11] is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia. [12] It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor. Australia is the country's southern neighbor, separated by the Timor Sea. The country's size is about 15,410 km2 (5,400 sq mi). [13]

East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November 1975, when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) declared the territory's independence. Nine days later, it was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. The Indonesian occupation of East Timor was characterised by a highly violent decades-long conflict between separatist groups (especially Fretilin) and the Indonesian military.

In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory. East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on 20 May 2002 and joined the United Nations and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. In 2011, East Timor announced its intention to gain membership status in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) by applying to become its eleventh member. [14] East Timor is part of a free trade zone, the Timor-Leste–Indonesia–Australia Growth Triangle (TIA-GT). [15] It is one of only two predominantly Christian nations in Southeast Asia, the other being the Philippines.

Etymology

"Timor" derives from timur, the word for "east" in Malay, which became recorded as Timor in Portuguese, thus resulting in the tautological toponym meaning "East East": In Portuguese Timor-Leste (Leste being the word for "east"); in Tetum Timór Lorosa'e (Lorosa'e being the word for "east" (literally "rising sun")). In Indonesian, the country is called Timor Timur, thus using the Portuguese name for the island followed by the word for "east", as adjectives in Indonesian are put after the noun.

The official names under the Constitution are Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste [16] in English, República Democrática de Timor-Leste [10] in Portuguese and Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste [11] in Tetum.

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) official short form in English and all other languages is Timor-Leste (codes: TLS & TL), which has been adopted by the United Nations, [17] the European Union, [18] and the national standards organisations of France ( AFNOR), the United States ( ANSI), [19] United Kingdom ( BSI), Germany ( DIN), and Sweden ( SIS), all diplomatic missions to the country by protocol and the CIA World Factbook. [20]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oos-Timor
Alemannisch: Osttimor
Ænglisc: Ēasttimor
aragonés: Timor Oriental
অসমীয়া: পূৱ টিমুৰ
asturianu: Timor Oriental
azərbaycanca: Şərqi Timor
تۆرکجه: دوغو تیمور
Bahasa Banjar: Timor Lorosa'é
Bân-lâm-gú: Tang Timor
Basa Banyumasan: Timor Leste
башҡортса: Көнсығыш Тимор
беларуская: Усходні Тымор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Усходні Тымор
भोजपुरी: पूर्ब तिमोर
Bikol Central: Subangan na Timor
български: Източен Тимор
Boarisch: Osttimor
བོད་ཡིག: ཤར་ཏིམོར།
bosanski: Istočni Timor
brezhoneg: Timor ar Reter
буряад: Зүүн Тимор
čeština: Východní Timor
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Timor Oriental
chiShona: East Timor
chiTumbuka: East Timor
corsu: Timor Este
Cymraeg: Dwyrain Timor
dansk: Østtimor
davvisámegiella: Nuorta-Timor
Deutsch: Osttimor
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިރުމަތީ ޓިމޯރު
dolnoserbski: Pódzajtšny Timor
eesti: Ida-Timor
español: Timor Oriental
Esperanto: Orienta Timoro
estremeñu: Timol Oriental
Fiji Hindi: East Timor
føroyskt: Eysturtimor
français: Timor oriental
Frysk: East-Timor
Fulfulde: East Timor
Gàidhlig: Tiomor an Ear
galego: Timor Leste
ગુજરાતી: પૂર્વ તિમોર
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: उदेंत तिमोर
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tûng Timor
한국어: 동티모르
hornjoserbsce: Wuchodny Timor
hrvatski: Istočni Timor
Ilokano: Daya a Timor
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মুঙ তিমুর
Bahasa Indonesia: Timor Leste
interlingua: Timor Oriental
Interlingue: Ost-Timor
íslenska: Austur-Tímor
italiano: Timor Est
Basa Jawa: Timor Wétan
Kapampangan: Aslagang Timor
қазақша: Тимор-Лесте
kernowek: Timor Est
Kinyarwanda: Timoro-Lesite
Kreyòl ayisyen: Timò oryantal
Кыргызча: Тимор Лешти
latviešu: Austrumtimora
Lëtzebuergesch: Timor-Leste
lietuvių: Rytų Timoras
Ligure: Timor Leste
Limburgs: Oos-Timor
Livvinkarjala: Päivännouzu Timor
lumbaart: Timor Est
magyar: Kelet-Timor
македонски: Источен Тимор
მარგალური: ბჟაეიოლი ტიმორი
مازِرونی: شرقی تیمور
Bahasa Melayu: Timor Leste
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dĕ̤ng Timor
Mirandés: Timor-Leste
монгол: Зүүн Тимор
Nāhuatl: Timor Tlāpcopa
Dorerin Naoero: East Timor
Nederlands: Oost-Timor
नेपाल भाषा: पूर्व टिमोर
Nordfriisk: Uast-Timor
Norfuk / Pitkern: Eist Tiimor
norsk: Øst-Timor
norsk nynorsk: Aust-Timor
Novial: Timor-Leste
occitan: Timòr Èst
олык марий: Эрвел Тимор
Oromoo: Tiimor Bahaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sharqiy Timor
پنجابی: چڑھدا تیمور
Papiamentu: Ost-Timor
Patois: Iis Timor
Piemontèis: Timor Est
Tok Pisin: Timor-Leste
Plattdüütsch: Oosttimor
português: Timor-Leste
Qaraqalpaqsha: Shıg'ıs Timor
qırımtatarca: Şarqiy Timor
română: Timorul de Est
Runa Simi: Anti Timur
саха тыла: Илин Тимор
Gagana Samoa: Sasaʻe Timor
Scots: East Timor
Seeltersk: Aast-Timor
sicilianu: Timor Est
Simple English: East Timor
slovenčina: Východný Timor
slovenščina: Vzhodni Timor
ślůnski: Wschodńi Timůr
Soomaaliga: Bariga Timor
српски / srpski: Источни Тимор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Istočni Timor
Basa Sunda: Timor Wétan
suomi: Itä-Timor
svenska: Östtimor
татарча/tatarça: Көнчыгыш Тимор
Türkçe: Doğu Timor
Türkmençe: Gündogar Timor
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Timor Leste
українська: Східний Тимор
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: شەرقىي تىمور
Vahcuengh: Doeng Divwnq
vèneto: Timor Est
vepsän kel’: Päivnouzmaine Timor
Tiếng Việt: Timor-Leste
文言: 東帝汶
West-Vlams: Ôost-Timor
吴语: 东帝汶
ייִדיש: מזרח טימאר
粵語: 東帝汶
Zeêuws: Oôst-Timor
žemaitėška: Rītū Timuors
中文: 东帝汶