Map of East Jerusalem. The Arab areas are coloured green while the Jewish areas are blue.
East Jerusalem or Eastern Jerusalem (
Arabic: القدس الشرقية;
Hebrew: מזרח ירושלים) is the sector of
Jerusalem that was
occupied by Jordan in 1948 and had remained out of the Israeli-held
West Jerusalem at the end of the 1948–49
Arab–Israeli War. It includes Jerusalem's
Old City and some of the holiest sites of
Islam, such as the
Dome of the Rock and the
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, as well as a number of adjacent neighbourhoods. Israeli and Palestinian definitions of it differ;
 the Palestinian official position is based on the
1949 Armistice Agreements, while the Israeli position is mainly based on the current municipality boundaries of Jerusalem, which resulted from a series of administrative enlargements decided by Israeli municipal authorities since the June 1967
Six-Day War. Despite its name, East Jerusalem includes neighborhoods to the north, east and south of the
Old City, and in the wider definition of the term even on all these sides of West Jerusalem.
1948 Arab–Israeli War, Jerusalem was contested between Jordan and Israel, and on the cessation of hostilities, the two countries secretly negotiated a division of the city, with the eastern sector coming under Jordanian rule. This arrangement was formalized in the
Rhodes Agreement in March 1949.
 A week after
David Ben-Gurion presented his party's assertion that "Jewish Jerusalem is an organic, inseparable part of the State of Israel" in December 1949,
 Jordan annexed East Jerusalem.
 These decisions were confirmed respectively in the
Knesset in January 1950 and the Jordanian Parliament in April 1950.
On being occupied by
Israel after the 1967 Six-Day War, East Jerusalem, with expanded borders, came under direct Israeli rule.
 East Jerusalem had been
occupied by Israel in June 1967. On 27–28 June 1967, East Jerusalem was integrated into Jerusalem by extension of its municipal borders and was placed under the law, jurisdiction and administration of the State of Israel.
 In a unanimous
General Assembly resolution, the UN declared the measures trying to change the status of the city invalid.
 Jerusalem was effectively
annexed by Israel in 1980, an act internationally condemned.
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)'s
Palestinian Declaration of Independence of 1988, Jerusalem is stated to be the capital of the
State of Palestine. In 2000, the Palestinian Authority passed a law proclaiming Jerusalem as such, and in 2002, this law was ratified by then chairman
 although Israel does not allow Palestinian government offices in East Jerusalem. The
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) recognised East Jerusalem as capital of the State of Palestine on 13 December 2017.