Dover

Dover
Dover from air.jpg
Aerial view of Dover Harbour
Dover is located in Kent
Dover
Dover
Dover shown within Kent
Population 31,022 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TR315415
•  London 77.8 miles (125.2 km)
Civil parish
  • Dover Town Council [2]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DOVER
Postcode district CT16, CT17
Dialling code 01304
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°07′46″N 1°18′32″E / 51°07′46″N 1°18′32″E / 51.1295; 1.3089

Dover ( ər/; French: Douvres) ( Welsh: Dwfr) is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England. It faces France across the strait of Dover, the narrowest part of the English Channel, and lies south-east of Canterbury; east of Kent's county town Maidstone; and north-east along the coastline from Dungeness and Hastings. The town is the administrative centre of the Dover District and home of the Dover Calais ferry through the Port of Dover. The surrounding chalk cliffs are known as the White Cliffs of Dover.

Its strategic position has been evident throughout its history: archaeological finds have revealed that the area has always been a focus for peoples entering and leaving Britain. The name of the town derives from the name of the river that flows through it, the River Dour. The town has been inhabited since the Stone Age according to archaeological finds, and Dover is one of only a few places in Britain – London, Edinburgh, and Cornwall being other examples – to have a corresponding name in the French language, Douvres.

There was a military barracks in Dover, which was closed in 2007. [3] Although many of the former ferry services have declined, services related to the Port of Dover provide a great deal of the town’s employment, as does tourism. The prospect of privatising the sale of the Port of Dover to create increased cash flow for the government was given a recent ironic twist due to the rejection of a possible bid from the town of Calais in France after opposition in Dover against any sale forced the government to withdraw the Port from the market. Local residents had clubbed together to propose buying it for the community, more than 12,000 people have bought a £10 share in the People's Port Trust.

Etymology

First recorded in its Latinised form of Portus Dubris, the name derives from the Brythonic word for waters (dwfr in Middle Welsh). The same element is present in the towns French (Douvres) and Modern Welsh (Dofr) forms, as well as the name of the river Dour and is evident in other English towns such as Wendover.

A 2013 study [4] suggested the name may come from an ancient word for 'double bank' referring to the shingle spit(s) that formed across the harbour entrance, for which a word dover is still used in the Isle of Wight. Subsequent name forms included Doverre; [5]

The current name was in use at least by the time of Shakespeare's King Lear (between 1603 and 1606), in which the town and its cliffs play a prominent role. The sight of the white cliffs when approaching Dover may have given the island of Britain its ancient name of Albion.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dover, Engeland
Ænglisc: Dofras
العربية: دوفر
azərbaycanca: Dover
беларуская: Горад Дуўр
български: Дувър
čeština: Dover (Anglie)
Cymraeg: Dover
dansk: Dover
Deutsch: Dover
eesti: Dover
Ελληνικά: Ντόβερ
español: Dover (Kent)
Esperanto: Dovero (Anglio)
français: Douvres
Gaeilge: Dover
galego: Dover
한국어: 도버
Հայերեն: Դուվր
Ido: Dover
Bahasa Indonesia: Dover, Kent
íslenska: Dover
italiano: Dover
ქართული: დუვრი
Latina: Dubris
मराठी: डोव्हर
Nederlands: Dover (Engeland)
нохчийн: Дувр
Nordfriisk: Dover
norsk nynorsk: Dover
polski: Dover
português: Dover
română: Dover
русский: Дувр
sardu: Dover
Scots: Dover
Simple English: Dover, Kent
slovenčina: Dover (Anglicko)
slovenščina: Dover
српски / srpski: Довер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dover
svenska: Dover
Türkçe: Dover
українська: Дувр
اردو: ڈوور
Volapük: Dover
吴语: 多佛
粵語: 多佛
中文: 多佛尔