Dover from air.jpg
Aerial view of Dover Harbour
Dover is located in Kent
Dover shown within Kent
Population 31,022 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TR315415
•  London 77.8 miles (125.2 km)
Civil parish
  • Dover Town Council [2]
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DOVER
Postcode district CT16, CT17
Dialling code 01304
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°07′46″N 1°18′32″E / 51°07′46″N 1°18′32″E / 51.1295; 1.3089

Dover ( ər/) is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England. It faces France across the strait of Dover, the narrowest part of the English Channel, and lies south-east of Canterbury; east of Kent's county town Maidstone; and north-east along the coastline from Dungeness and Hastings. The town is the administrative centre of the Dover District and home of the Dover Calais ferry through the Port of Dover. The surrounding chalk cliffs are known as the White Cliffs of Dover.

Its strategic position has been evident throughout its history: archaeological finds have revealed that the area has always been a focus for peoples entering and leaving Britain. The name of the town derives from the name of the river that flows through it, the River Dour. The town has been inhabited since the Stone Age according to archaeological finds, and Dover is one of only a few places in Britain – London, Edinburgh, and Cornwall being other examples – to have a corresponding name in the French language, Douvres.

There was a military barracks in Dover, which was closed in 2007. [3] Although many of the former ferry services have declined, services related to the Port of Dover provide a great deal of the town’s employment, as does tourism. A plan to privatise the port was scrapped in 2012 due to local opposition. [4]


First recorded in its Latinised form of Portus Dubris, the name derives from the Brythonic word for waters (dwfr in Middle Welsh; dowr in Cornish [5]). The same element is present in the town's French (Douvres) and Modern Welsh (Dofr) forms, as well as the name of the river Dour and is evident in other English towns such as Wendover.

The current name was in use at least by the time of Shakespeare's King Lear (between 1603 and 1606), in which the town and its cliffs play a prominent role. The sight of the white cliffs when approaching Dover may have given the island of Britain its ancient name of Albion.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dover, Engeland
Ænglisc: Dofras
العربية: دوفر
azərbaycanca: Dover
беларуская: Дуўр
български: Дувър
brezhoneg: Dover (Kent)
čeština: Dover (Anglie)
Cymraeg: Dover
dansk: Dover
Deutsch: Dover
eesti: Dover
Ελληνικά: Ντόβερ
español: Dover (Kent)
Esperanto: Dovero (Anglio)
français: Douvres
Gaeilge: Dover
galego: Dover
한국어: 도버
Հայերեն: Դուվր
Ido: Dover
Bahasa Indonesia: Dover, Kent
íslenska: Dover
italiano: Dover
ქართული: დუვრი
Latina: Dubris
मराठी: डोव्हर
Nederlands: Dover (Engeland)
нохчийн: Дувр
Nordfriisk: Dover
norsk nynorsk: Dover
polski: Dover
português: Dover
română: Dover
русский: Дувр
sardu: Dover
Scots: Dover
Simple English: Dover, Kent
slovenčina: Dover (Anglicko)
slovenščina: Dover
српски / srpski: Довер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dover
svenska: Dover
Türkçe: Dover
українська: Дувр
اردو: ڈوور
Volapük: Dover
吴语: 多佛
粵語: 多佛
中文: 多佛尔