Douro

Douro
Douro (in Portuguese), Duero (in Spanish)
River (Rio/Río)
Douro River Portugal.jpg
The river between Porto (right) and Vila Nova de Gaia (left), facing west
Countries Portugal,  Spain
SourcePicos de Urbión
 - locationSistema Ibérico, Duruelo de la Sierra, Soria, Castile and León, Spain
 - elevation2,157 m (7,077 ft)
 - coordinates42°0′37.92″N 2°52′49.00″W / 42°0′37.92″N 2°52′49.00″W / 42.0105333; -2.8802778
MouthFoz do Douro
 - locationAtlantic Ocean, Porto, Greater Porto, Norte, Portugal
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates41°8′35.74″N 8°40′10.07″W / 41°8′35.74″N 8°40′10.07″W / 41.1432611; -8.6694639
Length897 km (557 mi)
Basin98,400 km2 (37,992 sq mi)
Dischargefor Porto
 - average700 m3/s (24,720 cu ft/s)
 - max17,000 m3/s (600,349 cu ft/s)
Discharge elsewhere (average)
 - Pocinho442 m3/s (15,609 cu ft/s)
Rio douro.svg
Wikimedia Commons: Douro River

The Douro (Portuguese: Douro [ˈdo(w)ɾu]; Spanish: Duero [ˈdweɾo]; Proto-Celtic: *Dur, lit. 'water') is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province across northern-central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Porto.

History

A 1908 image of boats along the Douro River

The Latinized name Durius may go back to the name used by the Celtic tribes who inhabited the area before Roman times: the Celtic root is *dubro-.[1] In modern Welsh, dŵr is "water," as well as dour in modern Breton with cognate dobhar in Irish. In Roman times, the river was personified as a god, Durius.

Another long-established derivation suggests that the name Douro comes for the Portuguese word for "golden".[2][3]

The Douro vinhateiro (winegrowing), an area of the Douro Valley in Portugal long devoted to vineyards, has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Traditionally, the wine was taken downriver in flat-bottom boats called rabelos, to be stored in barrels in cellars in Vila Nova de Gaia, just across the river from Porto. In the 1960s and 1970s, dams with locks were built along the river, allowing river traffic from the upper regions in Spain and along the border. Nowadays Port wine is transported to Vila Nova de Gaia in tanker trucks.

In 1998, Portugal and Spain signed the Albufeira Convention, an agreement on the sharing of trans-boundary rivers to include the Douro, Tagus and Guadiana. The convention superseded an original agreement on the Douro, signed in 1927, that was expanded in 1964 and 1968 to include tributaries.[4]

Other Languages
العربية: دورو
aragonés: Río Duero
asturianu: Ríu Duero
تۆرکجه: دورو چایی
বাংলা: দোরু নদী
беларуская: Дуэра
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дуэра
български: Дуеро
brezhoneg: Douro
català: Duero
Чӑвашла: Дуэро
čeština: Douro
Cymraeg: Afon Douro
Deutsch: Duero
eesti: Douro
Ελληνικά: Δούρος
español: Duero
Esperanto: Doŭro
euskara: Duero
فارسی: دورو (رود)
français: Douro
Frysk: Douro
galego: Río Douro
한국어: 도루강
Հայերեն: Դուերո
हिन्दी: दोरू नदी
hornjoserbsce: Duero
hrvatski: Douro
íslenska: Douro
italiano: Duero
עברית: דורו
ქართული: დუერო
қазақша: Дуэро
Кыргызча: Дуэро
лезги: Дуэро
Latina: Durius
latviešu: Douru
Lëtzebuergesch: Douro
lietuvių: Dueras
magyar: Duero
македонски: Дуеро
Mirandés: Riu Douro
монгол: Дуэро гол
Nederlands: Douro
日本語: ドウロ川
norsk: Douro
norsk nynorsk: Douro
occitan: Douro
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Duero
پنجابی: دویرو
polski: Duero
português: Rio Douro
română: Duero
русский: Дуэро
Scots: Douro
slovenčina: Douro (rieka)
slovenščina: Duero
српски / srpski: Дуеро
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Douro
suomi: Douro
svenska: Duero
Tagalog: Ilog Duero
Türkçe: Douro Nehri
українська: Дору (річка)
vèneto: Duero
Tiếng Việt: Sông Douro
Winaray: Salog Duero
中文: 杜罗河