Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center in the
Jamaica neighborhood of
Queens, New York City. He was the fourth of five children born to
Frederick Christ "Fred" Trump (1905–1999) and
Mary Anne Trump (née MacLeod, 1912–2000).
 His siblings are
Maryanne, Fred Jr., Elizabeth, and Robert. Trump's older brother Fred Jr. died in 1981 from
alcoholism, which Trump says led him to abstain from alcohol and cigarettes.
Trump is of paternal
German ancestry and maternal
Scottish ancestry. His mother and all his grandparents were born in Europe. His paternal grandparents were immigrants from
Kallstadt, Germany, and his father, who became a New York City real estate developer, was born in the
 His mother emigrated to New York (where she worked as a maid) from her birthplace of
Tong, Lewis, Scotland.
 Fred and Mary met in New York and married in 1936, raising their family in Queens.
John G. Trump, a professor at
MIT from 1936 to 1973, was involved in radar research for the Allies in the
Second World War, and helped design X-ray machines that prolonged the lives of cancer patients; in 1943, the
Federal Bureau of Investigation requested John Trump examine
Nikola Tesla's papers and equipment when Tesla died in his room at the
New Yorker Hotel.
 Donald Trump's grandfather was
Frederick Trump, who amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and boarding houses in the region of Seattle and
Trump family were originally
Lutherans, but Trump's parents belonged to the
Reformed Church in America.
 The family name, which was formerly spelled Drumpf, was changed to Trump during the
Thirty Years' War in the 17th century.
 Trump has said that he is proud of his German heritage; he served as
grand marshal of the 1999
German-American Steuben Parade in New York City.
Trump's family had a two-story
mock Tudor home on Midland Parkway in
Jamaica Estates, where he lived while attending
The Kew-Forest School.
 He left the school at age 13 and was enrolled in the
New York Military Academy (NYMA),
Cornwall, New York, where he finished eighth grade and high school. Trump was an energetic child; his parents hoped that the discipline at the military school would allow him to channel his energy in a positive manner. In 1983, Fred Trump told an interviewer that Donald "was a pretty rough fellow when he was small".
Trump participated in
marching drills, wore a uniform, and during his senior year attained the rank of captain. He was transferred from a student command position after the alleged
hazing of a new freshman in his barracks by one of Trump's subordinates; Trump later described the transfer as "a promotion".
 In 2015, he told a biographer that NYMA gave him "more training militarily than a lot of the guys that go into the military".
Fordham University in
the Bronx for two years, beginning in August 1964. He then transferred to the
Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in
Philadelphia, which offered one of the few
real estate studies departments in United States academia at the time.
 While there, he worked at the family's company, Elizabeth Trump & Son, named for
his paternal grandmother.
 He graduated from Penn in May 1968 with a
Bachelor of Science degree in economics.
Trump was not drafted during the
 While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments.
 In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination, and in 1968 was briefly classified as fit by a local draft board, but was given a 1-Y
medical deferment in October 1968.
 In an interview for a 2015 biography, he attributed his medical deferment to
 In 1969, he received a high number in the
draft lottery, which would also have likely exempted him from service.
At a 2016 campaign event, from left: son-in-law
, Trump, wife
Lara, and son
Trump has five children by three marriages, and has eight grandchildren.
 His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces.
Trump married his first wife, Czech model
Ivana Zelníčková, on April 7, 1977, at the
Marble Collegiate Church in
 in a ceremony performed by one of America's most famous ministers, the Reverend
Norman Vincent Peale.
 They had three children: son
Donald Jr. (born December 31, 1977), daughter
Ivanka (born October 30, 1981), and son
Eric (born January 6, 1984). Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric now serve as executive vice presidents of
The Trump Organization.
 Ivana became a naturalized United States citizen in 1988.
Trump has been nicknamed "The Donald" since Ivana referred to him as such in a 1989
Spy magazine cover story.
 By early 1990, the tabloid press was commenting on trouble in Trump's marriage and reporting his affair with actress
 Ivana Trump was granted an uncontested divorce in 1990, on the grounds that Trump's treatment of her, such as his affair with Maples, had been "cruel and inhuman".
 In 1992, he successfully sued Ivana for violating a gag clause in their divorce agreement by disclosing facts about him in her book.
 In 2015, Ivana said that she and Donald "are the best of friends".
Maples gave birth to their daughter
Tiffany, named after
Tiffany & Company (Trump's purchase of the air rights above the store in the 1980s allowed him to build
Trump Tower on Fifth Avenue), on October 13, 1993.
 They married two months later on December 20, 1993.
 The couple formally separated in May 1997,
 with their divorce finalized in June 1999.
 Maples raised Tiffany as a single mother in
Calabasas, California, where they lived until Tiffany's graduation from
 In a February 2009 interview, Trump commented that his commitment to his business had made it difficult for his first two wives to compete with his affection for work.
In 1998, Trump began a relationship with
Melania Knauss, who became his third wife.
 They were engaged in April 2004
 and were married on January 22, 2005, at
Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church, on the island of
Palm Beach, Florida, followed by a reception at Trump's
 In 2006, Melania became a naturalized United States citizen,
 and gave birth to their son Barron on March 20, 2006.
 Barron is fluent in
Trump's brother, Fred Jr., predeceased their father Fred. Shortly after the latter died in 1999, the wife of Fred Jr.'s son Fred III gave birth to William, who had serious medical problems. Robert Trump offered to pay the medical bills through Fred Sr.'s company (Fred Sr. had provided free medical coverage to his family through his company for decades).
 Fred III and his sister Mary then filed a legal objection to their grandfather's will, alleging that their father's siblings had used "undue influence" on a dementia-stricken Fred Sr. to get Fred III and his sister Mary a reduced share. Trump attributed the reduced share to his father's dislike of Fred III's mother, and stopped the aid for William. The aid was resumed by court order pending outcome of the lawsuit, which was then settled.
Trump identifies as
 As a child, he began going to church at the
First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens.
 He attended
Sunday school and had his
confirmation at that church.
 Trump said in 2015 that he attends
Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan, where he married his first wife Ivana in 1977, although the church says he's not an "active member".
 He is also loosely affiliated with Lakeside Presbyterian Church in
West Palm Beach, Florida, near his
 Trump said that although he participates in
Holy Communion, he has not asked God for forgiveness for his sins, stating: "I think if I do something wrong, I just try and make it right. I don't bring God into that picture."
In December 2016, Trump visited
Episcopal church, for Christmas services.
Trump refers to his ghostwritten book
The Art of the Deal as "my second favorite book of all time, after the Bible. Nothing beats the Bible".
 In a speech to
Liberty University, he referred to
Second Corinthians as "Two Corinthians", eliciting chuckles from the audience.
 Despite this, The New York Times reported that
Evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure".
Outside of his church affiliations, Trump has relationships with a number of
Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor
Paula White, who has been described as his "closest spiritual confidant."
 In 2015, he asked for and received a blessing from
Greek Orthodox priest
 and, in 2016, released a list of his religious advisers, including
Jerry Falwell Jr.,
Ralph Reed and others.
Referring to his daughter Ivanka's
Judaism before her marriage to
Jared Kushner, Trump said in 2015: "I have a Jewish daughter; and I am very honored by that […] it wasn't in the plan but I am very glad it happened."
A 2016 medical report by his doctor,
M.D., showed that Trump's
blood pressure, liver and thyroid function were in normal ranges.
 Trump says that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed other drugs, including
 He also does not drink alcohol, a decision stemming from his brother's early death, caused by
The Donald J. Trump Foundation is a U.S.-based
 established in 1988 for the initial purpose of giving away proceeds from the book
Trump: The Art of the Deal by Trump and
 The foundation's funds have mostly come from donors other than Trump,
 who has not given personally to the charity since 2008.
 In 2016, investigations by The Washington Post uncovered several potential legal and ethical violations conducted by the charity, including alleged
self-dealing and possible tax evasion.
 After beginning an investigation into the foundation, the
New York State Attorney General's office notified the Trump Foundation that it was allegedly in violation of New York laws regarding charities, and ordered it to immediately cease its fundraising activities in New York.
 A Trump spokesman called the investigation a "partisan hit job".
The foundation's tax returns show that it has given to health care and sports-related charities, as well as conservative groups.
 In 2009, for example, the foundation gave $926,750 to about 40 groups, with the biggest donations going to the
Arnold Palmer Medical Center Foundation ($100,000), the
New York–Presbyterian Hospital ($125,000), the
Police Athletic League ($156,000), and the
Clinton Foundation ($100,000).
 From 2004 to 2014, the top donors to the foundation were
Linda McMahon of
WWE, who donated $5 million to the foundation after Trump appeared at
WrestleMania in 2007.
 After winning the presidency, Trump announced his intention to give Linda McMahon a cabinet-level position in his administration, as Administrator of the
Small Business Administration.
 In response to mounting complaints, Trump's team announced in late December 2016 that the Trump Foundation would be dissolved to remove "even the appearance of any conflict with [his] role as President”.
An analysis by
USA Today, published in June 2016, found that over the previous three decades, Trump and his businesses had been involved in 3,500 legal cases in
U.S. federal courts and
state courts, an unprecedented number for a
U.S. presidential candidate.
 Of the 3,500 suits, mostly in the
casino industry, Trump or one of his companies was the plaintiff in 1,900; defendant in 1,450; and third party, filer of bankruptcy, or other in 150.
 Trump was named in at least 169 suits in federal court.
 Although litigation over contract disputes and other matters is common in the
real estate industry,
 USA Today found that Trump had been involved in more legal disputes than
Edward J. DeBartolo Jr.,
Stephen M. Ross,
Sam Zell, and
Larry Silverstein combined. In about 500 cases, judges dismissed plaintiffs' claims against Trump. Hundreds of cases have ended with the available public record unclear about the resolution,
 but where there was a clear resolution, he has won 451 times and lost 38.
In 1985, Trump was sued by both the State of New York and the City of New York for allegedly trying to force out tenants to enable demolition.
 The matter was settled and the demolition canceled.
 In 1988, Trump paid $750,000 to settle the civil penalties in an
antitrust lawsuit stemming from stock purchases.
In 1991, a business analyst predicted that the
Trump Taj Mahal would soon fail, and he then lost his job; the analyst sued Trump for allegedly having an unlawful role in the firing, and that matter was settled confidentially out of court.
 After a helicopter crashed, killing three executives of his New Jersey hotel casino business, Trump sued the manufacturers.
 That case was dismissed.
Trump Plaza was fined $200,000 by the New Jersey Casino Control Commission for moving African-American and female employees away from a racist and sexist gambler to accommodate him, but Trump was not evidently investigated, nor held personally liable, and said he would not even recognize that gambler.
 In 1991, Trump's father, Fred Trump, made an unlawful loan to
Trump's Castle to help it make a mortgage payment, and the casino was required to pay a $30,000 fine, but his son was not penalized.
In 1993, Trump sued his business partner
Jay Pritzker for allegedly collecting excessive fees, and the matter was settled.
 Boarding house owner
Vera Coking sued for damage during construction of an adjacent casino, and later dropped the suit against Trump while settling with his contractor; she also prevailed against Trump and other developers in an
eminent domain case.
In 1997, Trump and rival Atlantic City casino owner
Stephen Wynn engaged in an extended legal conflict during the planning phase of new casinos Wynn had proposed to build, and the cases were settled.
In 2000, Trump was charged with lobbying for government rejection of proposed casinos that would compete with his casinos, and he paid $250,000 to settle resulting fines.
 The charges related to a proposed Native American-run casino in the
Catskills, New York, which would have competed with three of Trump's casinos in Atlantic City.
Securities and Exchange Commission charged one of his companies with poor financial reporting, Trump's attorney said the culprit had been dismissed, and that Trump had personally been unaware of the matter.
 Following litigation with
Leona Helmsley that started in the 1990s regarding control of the
Empire State Building,
 Trump in 2002 sold his share in that building to rivals of Helmsley's.
In 2004 Trump sued former business partner Richard Fields for allegedly saying he still consulted for Trump. Fields counter-sued,
 and the lawsuit was dismissed.
The town of
Palm Beach, Florida fined Trump for building an 80-foot (24-meter) pole for the
American flag at his
Mar-a-Lago property. Trump then sued, and a settlement required him to donate $100,000 to veterans' charities, while the town agreed to let him enroll out-of-towners in his social club and permitted a 10-foot shorter flagpole elsewhere on his lawn.
When the California city of
Rancho Palos Verdes thwarted luxury home development on a landslide-prone area owned by Trump, he sued,
 and the city agreed to permit extensions for 20 more proposed luxury homes.
Trump sued a law firm he had used, Morrison Cohen, for using his name, for providing news links at its website, and for charging excessive fees,
 after which the firm halved the fees, and the court ruled that the links were allowable.
In 2009, Trump was sued by investors in the canceled
Trump Ocean Resort Baja Mexico;
 Trump said he had merely been a spokesperson,
 and he settled the lawsuit for an undisclosed amount.
In 2004, the Trump Organization licensed the Trump brand to a hotel and condo project in
Fort Lauderdale scheduled to open in 2007,
 but delays in construction and the
bursting of the U.S. real estate bubble led Trump to withdraw his name from the deal in 2009,
 after which the project defaulted, investors sued,
 and Trump was caught in the ongoing lawsuits because he had participated in advertising.
Trump personally guaranteed $40 million to secure a $640 million loan for
Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago. When
Deutsche Bank tried to collect it, Trump sued the bank for harming the project and his reputation,
 and the bank agreed in August 2010 to extend the loan term by five years.
Trump's claim that the
Scottish Government improperly approved a wind-farm project near his golf course and planned hotel was rejected by the
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, following a lengthy legal battle.
In July 2015, Trump sued the former
Sheena Monnin, after she alleged that the
Miss USA 2012 pageant was rigged.
 A federal judge upheld the settlement, obliging her to pay Trump $5 million.
Palm Beach County, alleging that the county had pressured the
FAA to direct air traffic over Trump's
Mar-a-Lago club and estate.
 He also sued chefs
Geoffrey Zakarian and
José Andrés; the latter said there was no merit in Trump's allegation that the chef backed out of a deal at the
Old Post Office Pavilion.
Trump sued the town of
Ossining, New York, over the property tax valuation on
his golf course there,
 after separately being sued for modifying a drainage system that allegedly damaged a library, public pool, and park facilities.
Summer Zervos, who is
one of the women stating that Trump groped her, is suing him for defamation.