Donald Trump

This article is about the incumbent President of the United States. For other uses, see Donald Trump (disambiguation).
Donald Trump
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg
45th President of the United States
Assumed office
January 20, 2017
Vice President Mike Pence
Preceded by Barack Obama
Personal details
Born Donald John Trump
(1946-06-14) June 14, 1946 (age 70)
New York City
Political party Republican (1987–99, 2009–11, 2012–present)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)
Relations See Family of Donald Trump
Children
Residence White House
Mar-a-Lago ( Southern White House)
Alma mater University of Pennsylvania
( Wharton School)
Occupation
Net worth US$3.5 billion (March 2017) [1]
Signature Donald J Trump stylized autograph, in ink
Website

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American businessman, television personality, politician, and the 45th President of the United States.

Trump was born and raised in Queens, New York City, and earned an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He then took charge of The Trump Organization, the real estate and construction firm founded by his paternal grandmother, which he ran for four and a half decades until 2017. During his real estate and business career, Trump built, renovated, and managed numerous office towers, hotels, casinos, and golf courses. He has lent the use of his name for the branding of various products and properties. He owned the Miss USA and Miss Universe pageants from 1996 to 2015, and he hosted The Apprentice, a reality television series on NBC, from 2004 to 2015. As of 2017, Forbes listed him as the 544th wealthiest person in the world (201st in the United States) with a net worth of $3.5 billion.

Trump first publicly expressed interest in running for political office in 1987. He won two Reform Party presidential primaries in 2000, but withdrew his candidacy early on. In June 2015, he launched his campaign for the 2016 presidential election, and quickly emerged as the front-runner among 17 candidates in the Republican primaries. His final opponents suspended their campaigns in May 2016, and in July he was formally nominated at the Republican National Convention along with Indiana governor Mike Pence as his running mate. His campaign received unprecedented media coverage and international attention. Many of the statements that he made in interviews, on social media, and at campaign rallies were controversial or false.

Trump won the general election on November 8, 2016, in a surprise victory against Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton. He became the oldest and wealthiest person to assume the presidency, the first without prior military or government service, and the fifth elected with less than a plurality of the national popular vote. His political positions have been described by scholars and commentators as populist, protectionist, and nationalist.

Personal life

Trump was born on June 14, 1946 at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, New York City. He was the fourth of five children born to Frederick Christ "Fred" Trump (1905–1999) and Mary Anne Trump (née MacLeod, 1912–2000). [2] [3] His siblings are Maryanne (born 1937), Fred Jr. (1938–1981), Elizabeth (born 1942), and Robert (born 1948).

Ancestry

Further information: Trump family

Trump's ancestors originate from the village of Kallstadt, Palatinate, Germany on his father's side, and from the Outer Hebrides isles of Scotland on his mother's. All his grandparents, and his mother, were born in Europe. His mother's grandfather was also christened "Donald". [4]

His paternal grandfather, Friedrich Trump, first emigrated to the United States in 1885 (aged 16), became a citizen in 1892, and amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and boarding houses in the Seattle area and the Klondike region of Canada, during the gold rush. [5] On a visit to his home village, he met Elisabeth Christ and married her in 1902. After two years in New York City, the couple returned to Kallstadt but were ordered to leave in 1905 because the authorities said Friedrich had missed military service, so they settled in New York definitively. [6] [7] [8] He died from the flu pandemic of 1918 and Elizabeth incorporated the family real estate business, Elizabeth Trump and Son, which would later become The Trump Organization.

Trump's father Fred was born in the Bronx, and worked with his mother since he was 15 as a real estate developer, primarily in the New York boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn. He eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks and apartments. [8] [9] Trump's mother Mary Anne emigrated in 1930 (aged 18) from her birthplace of Tong, Lewis, Scotland to New York, where she worked as a maid. [10] Fred and Mary were married in 1936 and raised their family in Queens. [10] [11] Elizabeth's second son, John, became a physicist and inventor. [12]

Education

Trump grew up in the Jamaica Estates neighborhood of Queens, New York. He attended the Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. By age 13, Trump’s rambunctious behavior prompted his parents to enroll him at the New York Military Academy, a boarding school in Cornwall, New York. “I was a wise guy, and they wanted to get me in line,” Trump said. “Thinking back, it was a very positive influence.” [15]

In August 1964, Trump entered Fordham University in the Bronx. In September 1966, he transferred to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, because it offered one of the few real estate studies departments in United States academia at the time. [16] [17]

In addition to his father, other role models whom he sought to emulate included the Manhattan developer William Zeckendorf. [18] [19] [20] While at Wharton, he worked at the family's company, Elizabeth Trump & Son, named for his paternal grandmother. [21] He graduated from Penn in May 1968 with a Bachelor of Science degree in economics. [17] [22] [23]

Trump was not drafted during the Vietnam War. [24] While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments. [25] In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination, and in 1968 was briefly classified as fit by a local draft board, but was given a 1-Y medical deferment in October 1968. [26] He attributed his medical deferment to heel spurs. [27] In 1969, he received a high number in the draft lottery, which would also have likely exempted him from service. [26] [28] [29]

Family

Trumps at inaugural ball

Trump has five children by three marriages, and eight grandchildren. [30] [31] His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces. [32]

Trump married his first wife, Czech model Ivana Zelníčková, in 1977 at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan. The ceremony was performed by Reverend Norman Vincent Peale. [33] [34] The couple had three children: Donald Jr. (born 1977), Ivanka (born 1981), and Eric (born 1984). Ivana became a vice president of the company, [35] and was naturalized as a United States citizen in 1988. [36] The couple divorced in 1992 following Trump's affair with actress Marla Maples. [37]

In 1993, Maples gave birth to their daughter Tiffany. [38] They married two months later, with Trump's father Fred assisting as best man. [39] The couple separated in 1997 and eventually divorced in 1999. [40] [41]

Following his second divorce, Trump entered a steady relationship with Slovene model Melania Knauss. They were married in 2005 at Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church on the island of Palm Beach, Florida. A reception followed at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate, attended by Bill and Hillary Clinton among other celebrities. [42] [43] [44] In 2006, Melania became a naturalized United States citizen. [45] Later that year, she gave birth to their son Barron. [46] [47] In addition to English, Barron is also fluent in Slovenian. [48] Melania Trump is now the First Lady of the United States.

Upon acceding to the presidency, Trump delegated the management of his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr. [49] Meanwhile, his daughter Ivanka resigned from The Trump Organization and moved to Washington with her husband Jared Kushner, who serves as a senior advisor in the White House. [50] Trump's elder sister, Maryanne Trump Barry, is a federal appeals court judge on the Third Circuit, now inactive. [51]

Religion

The Trump family were originally Lutherans in Germany, [52] and his mother's upbringing was Presbyterian in Scotland. [53] His parents married in a Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936. [54] As a child, he attended Sunday School at the First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, and had his confirmation there. [55] [55] In the 1970s, his family joined the Marble Collegiate Church (a New York City affiliate of the Reformed Church in America) in Manhattan. [56] The pastor at that church, Norman Vincent Peale, author of The Power of Positive Thinking and The Art of Living, ministered to Trump's family and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993. [57] [56] Trump, who is Presbyterian, [58] [59] has cited Peale and his works during interviews when asked about the role of religion in his personal life. [56]

After marrying his first wife Ivana in 1977 at Marble Collegiate Church, he attended that church until 2013. [60] [55] In 2016, Trump visited Bethesda-by-the-Sea, an Episcopal church, for Christmas services. [61] Trump has said that he participates in Holy Communion. Beyond that, he has not asked God for forgiveness, stating: "I think if I do something wrong, I just try and make it right. I don't bring God into that picture." [62]

Trump refers to his ghostwritten book The Art of the Deal, a bestseller following publication in 1987, as "my second favorite book of all time, after the Bible. Nothing beats the Bible." [63] [64] In a 2016 speech to Liberty University, he referred to "Two Corinthians" instead of " Second Corinthians", eliciting chuckles from the audience. [65] Despite this, The New York Times reported that Evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure". [66]

Outside of his church affiliations, Trump has relationships with a number of Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor Paula White, who has been described as his "closest spiritual confidant". [67] In 2015, he asked for and received a blessing from Greek Orthodox priest Emmanuel Lemelson [68] and, in 2016, released a list of his religious advisers, including James Dobson, Jerry Falwell Jr., Ralph Reed and others. [69] Referring to his daughter Ivanka's conversion to Judaism before her marriage to Jared Kushner, Trump said in 2015: "I have a Jewish daughter; and I am very honored by that […] it wasn't in the plan but I am very glad it happened." [70]

Health

A 2016 medical report issued by his doctor, Harold Bornstein M.D., showed that Trump's blood pressure, liver and thyroid function were in normal ranges. [71] [72] Trump says that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed other drugs, including marijuana. [73] [74] He also drinks no alcohol, a decision arising in part from watching his older brother Fred Jr. suffer from alcoholism until his early death in 1981. [75] [76] [77]

Wealth

A tall rectangular-shaped tower in Las Vegas with exterior windows reflecting a golden hue. It is a sunny day and the building is higher than many of the surrounding buildings, also towers. There are mountains in the background. This tower is called the Trump Hotel Las Vegas.
Trump Hotel Las Vegas, with gold infused glass [78]

Trump has said that he began his career with "a small loan of one million dollars" from his father (which "isn't very much compared to what I've built"), and paid back that loan with interest. [79] He was listed on the initial Forbes List of wealthy individuals in 1982 as having an estimated $200 million fortune, including a share of his father's estimated $200 million net worth. [80] He was absent from the list from 1990 to 1995 following losses which reportedly obliged him to borrow from his siblings' trusts in 1993. [80]

When he announced his candidacy on June 16, 2015, Trump released a one-page financial summary that stated a net worth of $8,737,540,000. [81] He declared, "I'm really rich", which he said would make him less reliant upon large campaign donations. [82] [83] Forbes believed his suggestion of $9 billion was "a whopper", figuring it was actually $4.1 billion. [84] [nb 1] Trump has stated that his income for the year 2014 was $362 million. [87]

After Trump made controversial remarks about illegal immigrants in 2015, he lost business contracts with NBCUniversal, Univision, Macy's, Serta, PVH Corporation, and Perfumania, which Forbes estimated negatively impacted his net worth by $125 million. [88] The value of the Trump brand may have fallen further during his presidential campaign, as some consumers boycotted Trump-branded products and services to protest his candidacy. [89] Bookings and foot traffic at Trump-branded properties fell off sharply in 2016, [90] [91] and the release of the Access Hollywood tape recordings in October 2016 exacerbated this. [92]

In their 2017 annual billionaires' rankings, Forbes estimated Trump's net worth at $3.5 billion (544th in the world, 201st in the U.S.) [1] and Bloomberg News estimates it at $3 billion, [86] making him one of the richest politicians in American history. Trump himself stated that his net worth was over $10 billion, [87] with the discrepancy essentially stemming from the uncertain value of appraised property and of his personal brand. [86] [93]

Personal taxes

According to Trump's leaked 1995 federal tax returns, he claimed a loss of $916 million. [94] Trump's leaked 2005 1040 federal income tax returns indicate that Trump paid $38 million in federal taxes and had a gross adjusted income of $150 million. [95] [96] The White House confirmed the authenticity of the 2005 documents and stated: "Despite this substantial income figure and tax paid, it is totally illegal to steal and publish tax returns." [95] [96]

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