Family and personal life
Trump's ancestors originated from the German village of
Palatinate on his father's side, and from the
Outer Hebrides isles of Scotland on his mother's side. All his grandparents, and his mother, were born in Europe. His mother's grandfather was also christened "Donald".
Trump's paternal grandfather,
Friedrich Trump, first emigrated to the United States in 1885 at the age of 16, and became a citizen in 1892. He amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and boarding houses in the Seattle area and the
Klondike region of Canada, during the
 On a visit to Kallstadt, he met
Elisabeth Christ and married her in 1902. The couple settled in New York definitively in 1905. Friedrich died from
influenza during the
Fred was born in 1905 in the
Bronx, and started working with his mother in real estate when he was 15, shortly after his father's death. Their company, Elizabeth Trump and Son, was primarily active in the
New York boroughs of
Brooklyn. Fred eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks and apartments.
 The company would later become
The Trump Organization when Donald Trump took over in 1971.
Mary Anne was born in
Tong, Lewis, Scotland. In 1930, at age 18, she emigrated to New York where she worked as a maid.
 Fred and Mary were married in 1936 and raised their family in Queens.
John (Donald Trump's uncle) became a notable physicist and inventor.
Early life and education
Donald Trump was born on June 14, 1946 at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center,
Queens, New York City. He was the fourth of five children born to
Frederick Christ "Fred" Trump (1905–1999) and
Mary Anne Trump (née MacLeod, 1912–2000).
 His siblings are
Maryanne (born 1937), Fred Jr. (1938–1981), Elizabeth (born 1942), and Robert (born 1948).
Trump grew up in the
Jamaica Estates neighborhood of Queens, New York. He attended the
Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, Trump's parents enrolled him in the
New York Military Academy, after discovering Donald made frequent trips into Manhattan without permission.
 In August 1964, Trump entered
 He transferred to the
Wharton School of the
University of Pennsylvania two years later, because it offered one of the few real estate studies departments in United States academia at the time.
In addition to his father, Trump was inspired by Manhattan developer
William Zeckendorf, vowing to be "even bigger and better". While at Wharton, he worked at the family business, Elizabeth Trump and Son,
 graduating in May 1968 with a
Bachelor of Science degree in economics.
Trump was not drafted during the
 While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments.
 In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination, and in 1968 was briefly classified as fit by a local draft board, but was given a 1-Y
medical deferment in October 1968,
 attributed to
 In 1969, he received a high number in the
draft lottery, which made him unlikely to be called.
Trump has five children by three marriages, and has eight grandchildren.
 His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces.
Trump married his first wife, Czech model
Ivana Zelníčková, on April 7, 1977, at the
Marble Collegiate Church in
Manhattan in a ceremony performed by the Reverend
Norman Vincent Peale.
 They had three children: son
Donald Jr. (born December 31, 1977), daughter
Ivanka (born October 30, 1981), and son
Eric (born January 6, 1984). Ivana became a naturalized United States citizen in 1988.
 The couple divorced in 1992 following Trump's affair with actress
In October 1993, Maples gave birth to Trump's daughter
Tiffany, named after
Tiffany & Company.
 Maples and Trump were married two months later on December 20, 1993.
 They were divorced in 1999,
 and Tiffany was raised by her mother in California.
Melania Knauss, on January 22, 2005 at
Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church in
Palm Beach, Florida, followed by a reception at Trump's
 In 2006, Melania acquired United States citizenship
 and she gave birth to their son Barron on March 20.
 Upon Trump's accession to the presidency, Melania became
First Lady of the United States.
Prior to his inauguration as president, Trump delegated the management of his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr.
 His daughter Ivanka resigned from The Trump Organization and moved to Washington with her husband
Jared Kushner. She serves as assistant to the president,
 while he is a
Senior Advisor in the White House.
Trump's elder sister,
Maryanne Trump Barry, is an inactive
Federal Appeals Court judge on the
Trump's ancestors were
Lutherans on his father's side in Germany and
Presbyterian on his mother's side in Scotland.
 His parents married in a Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936. As a child, he attended the
First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, and had his
 In the 1970s, his family joined the
Marble Collegiate Church (an affiliate of the
Reformed Church in America) in
 The pastor at that church,
Norman Vincent Peale, author of
The Power of Positive Thinking and
The Art of Living, ministered to Trump's family and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993.
 Trump, who is Presbyterian,
 has cited Peale and his works during interviews when asked about the role of religion in his personal life.
Trump participates in the
Holy Communion, but usually does not ask God for forgiveness. He stated: "I think if I do something wrong, I just try and make it right. I don't bring God into that picture."
 On the
campaign trail, Trump has referred to
The Art of the Deal as his second favorite book after the Bible, saying "Nothing beats the Bible."
 In a 2016 speech to
Liberty University, he referred to "Two Corinthians" instead of "
Second Corinthians", eliciting chuckles from the audience.
 Despite this, The New York Times reported that
Evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure."
Trump has had relationships with a number of
Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor
Paula White, who has been called his "closest spiritual confidant."
 In 2015, he received a blessing from
Greek Orthodox priest
 and in 2016, he released a list of his religious advisers, including
Jerry Falwell Jr.,
Ralph Reed and others.
 Referring to his daughter Ivanka's
Judaism before her marriage to
Jared Kushner, Trump said: "I have a Jewish daughter; and I am very honored by that."
A 2016 medical report issued by his doctor,
M.D., showed that Trump's
blood pressure, liver and thyroid function were in normal ranges.
 Trump says that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed other drugs, including
 He also
drinks no alcohol, a decision arising in part from watching his older brother Fred Jr. suffer from
alcoholism until his early death in 1981.
Trump has said that he began his career with "a small loan of one million dollars" from his father.
 Trump appeared on the initial
Forbes List of wealthy individuals in 1982 with an estimated $200 million fortune, including an "undefined" share of the fortune belonging to his family and father.
 During the 1980s he became a billionaire, but was absent from the Forbes list from 1990 to 1995 following losses which reportedly obliged him to borrow from his siblings' trusts in 1993.
 After his father died in 1999, he and his surviving siblings received shares of his father's estate which was valued at more than $20 million.
When he announced his candidacy on June 16, 2015, Trump released a one-page financial summary that stated a net worth of $8,737,540,000.
 The following month, he filed a 92-page disclosure and put his wealth at over $10 billion.
 His presidential announcement speech mentioned that "I'm really rich", which he said would make him less reliant upon large campaign donations.
 Forbes believed his net worth estimate was "a whopper", figuring it was $4.1 billion in 2015 (405th in the world, 133d in the U.S.).
 Trump also stated in the long 2015 financial disclosure that his income for the year 2014 was $362 million.
After Trump made controversial remarks about illegal immigrants in 2015, he lost business contracts with several companies that summer, which Forbes estimated negatively impacted his net worth by $125 million.
 The value of the Trump brand may have fallen further during his presidential campaign, as some consumers boycotted in response to his candidacy.
 Bookings and foot traffic at Trump-branded properties fell off sharply in 2016,
 though Trump's 104-page financial disclosure in May 2016 still put his wealth at over $10 billion as he had done the previous July.
 The release of the
Access Hollywood tape recordings in October 2016 put further pressure on his business.
In their 2017 annual billionaires' ranking,
Forbes estimated Trump's net worth at $3.5 billion (544th in the world, 201st in the U.S.)
 making him one of the
richest politicians in American history. These estimates have fluctuated from year to year, and also depending upon who is doing the estimations;
Bloomberg News pegged his wealth at $3 billion in 2016,
 whereas Forbes said $4.5 billion that same year (324th in the world, 113th in the U.S.).
 The discrepancies among these estimates and with Trump's own estimates stem from the uncertain value of appraised property and of his
As required of all presidential candidates by
FEC regulations, Trump published a 92-page financial disclosure form that listed all his assets, liabilities, income sources and hundreds of business positions,
 but he declined to release his tax returns,
 contrary to usual practice by every presidential candidate since
Gerald Ford in 1976.
 Trump's refusal led to speculation that he was hiding something,
 although there is no law that requires presidential candidates to release their returns.
Trump explained that his tax returns are being audited and his lawyers advise against releasing them.
 No law prohibits release of tax returns during an audit. Tax attorneys differ about whether such a release is wise legal strategy.
 Trump has told the news media that his tax rate was "none of your business", but added, "I fight very hard to pay as little tax as possible."
On October 1, 2016, three pages of Trump's 1995 tax return were leaked to a New York Times reporter, who said the documents were received in her Times mailbox. Each of the three pages is one page from Trump's state filings in Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey. They show that using allowed deductions for losses, Trump claimed a loss of $916 million that year. During the second presidential debate, Trump acknowledged using the deduction, but declined to provide details such as the specific years it was applied.
 When asked if he used the tax code to avoid paying taxes, he said, "Of course I did. Of course I did." He then went on to say he paid "hundreds of millions of dollars in taxes", calling it a "simple" thing. "I pay tax, and I pay federal tax, too", he said.
On March 14, 2017 the first two pages of Trump's 2005 federal income tax returns were leaked to
Rachel Maddow show. The two pages showed that Trump paid $38 million in federal taxes and had a gross adjusted income of $150 million.
 The White House confirmed the authenticity of the 2005 documents and stated: "Despite this substantial income figure and tax paid, it is totally illegal to steal and publish tax returns."