Dolly Parton

Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton 2011.jpg
Parton in 2011
Dolly Rebecca Parton

(1946-01-19) January 19, 1946 (age 72)
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • multi-instrumentalist
  • record producer
  • actress
  • author
  • businesswoman
  • humanitarian
Years active1959–present
Carl Dean (m. 1966)
Musical career
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • banjo
Associated actsEmmylou Harris, Tammy Wynette, Loretta Lynn, Kenny Rogers, Linda Ronstadt, Porter Wagoner, Stella Parton, Randy Parton,

Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actress, author, businesswoman, and philanthropist, known primarily for her work in country music. After achieving success as a songwriter for others, Dolly Parton made her album debut in 1967, with her album Hello, I'm Dolly. With steady success during the remainder of the 1960s (both as a solo artist and with a series of duet albums with Porter Wagoner), her sales and chart peak came during the 1970s and continued into the 1980s; Parton's subsequent albums in the later part of the 1990s were lower in sales. However, in the new millennium, Parton achieved commercial success again and has released albums on various independent labels since 2000, including albums on her own label, Dolly Records.

Parton's music includes 25 Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)-certified gold, platinum and multi-platinum awards. She has had 25 songs reach No. 1 on the Billboard country music charts, a record for a female artist (tied with Reba McEntire). She has 41 career top-10 country albums, a record for any artist, and she has 110 career charted singles over the past 40 years. She has garnered nine Grammy Awards, two Academy Award nominations, ten Country Music Association Awards, seven Academy of Country Music Awards, three American Music Awards, and is one of only seven female artists to win the Country Music Association's Entertainer of the Year Award. Parton has received 47 Grammy nominations.

In 1999, Parton was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. She has composed over 3,000 songs, notably "I Will Always Love You" (a two-time U.S. country chart-topper for Parton, as well as an international pop hit for Whitney Houston), "Jolene", "Coat of Many Colors", and "9 to 5". She is also one of the few to have received at least one nomination from the Academy Awards, Grammy Awards, Tony Awards, and Emmy Awards. As an actress, she has starred in films such as 9 to 5 (1980) and The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (1982), for which she earned Golden Globe nominations for Best Actress, as well as Rhinestone (1984), Steel Magnolias (1989), Straight Talk (1992) and Joyful Noise (2012).

Early life and career

Dolly Rebecca Parton was born January 19, 1946, in a one-room cabin on the banks of the Little Pigeon River in Pittman Center, Tennessee; a very small community located in Sevier County in the Great Smoky Mountains of East Tennessee.[3] Dolly Parton went to Sevier County High School in Sevierville, Tennessee.[4] She is the fourth of twelve children born to Avie Lee Caroline (née Owens; 1923–2003) and Robert Lee Parton Sr. (1921–2000). Her siblings include Stella Parton, Randy Parton, and Rachel Dennison. Mr. Parton (known as "Lee") worked in the mountains of east Tennessee, first as a sharecropper, and later tending his own small farm and acreage. He also worked temporary side jobs to make ends meet.[5][4] He could neither read nor write.[6] Despite his lack of formal education, Parton has said that he was one of the smartest people she has known.[4] Avie Lee was homemaker for the large family. Her eleven pregnancies (the tenth pregnancy being twins) in twenty years made her a mother of twelve at thirty five years of age. Often in poor health, she still managed to keep house and entertain her children with songs and tales of mountain folklore. Parton has long credited her father for her business savvy, and her mother's family for her musical abilities.[4] While she was still very young, Dolly Parton's parents moved their growing family to a farm on nearby Locust Ridge. Most of Parton's cherished memories of youth happened while living there, and it was also the place for which she was inspired to write the song, "My Tennessee Mountain Home" in the 1970s. Parton would buy back the Locust Ridge property in the 1980s.[4]

Dolly Parton's middle name comes from her maternal great-great grandmother, Rebecca (Dunn) Whitted.[7][8] She has described her family as being "dirt poor."[9] Parton's father paid the doctor who helped deliver her with a bag of cornmeal. She outlined her family's poverty in her early songs "Coat of Many Colors" and "In the Good Old Days (When Times Were Bad)". They lived in a rustic, one-room cabin in Locust Ridge,[10] just north of the Greenbrier Valley of the Great Smoky Mountains, a predominantly Pentecostal area. Music played an important role in her early life. She was brought up in the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee),[11] the church her grandfather, Jake Robert Owens, pastored. Her earliest public performances were in the church, beginning at age six. At seven, she started playing a homemade guitar. When she was eight years old, her uncle bought her first real guitar.[12][13]

Parton began performing as a child,[14] singing on local radio and television programs in the East Tennessee area.[15] By ten, she was appearing on The Cas Walker Show on both WIVK Radio and WBIR-TV in Knoxville, Tennessee. At 13, she was recording (the single "Puppy Love") on a small Louisiana label, Goldband Records,[16] and appeared at the Grand Ole Opry, where she first met Johnny Cash, who encouraged her to follow her own instincts regarding her career.[17]

The day after she graduated from high school in 1964, she moved to Nashville.[16] Her initial success came as a songwriter, having signed with Combine Publishing shortly after her arrival;[18] with her frequent songwriting partner, her uncle Bill Owens, she wrote several charting singles during this time, including two top-10 hits: Bill Phillips's 1966 record "Put It Off Until Tomorrow" and Skeeter Davis's 1967 hit "Fuel to the Flame". Her songs were recorded by many other artists during this period, including Kitty Wells and Hank Williams Jr.[19] She signed with Monument Records in 1965, at age 19; she initially was pitched as a bubblegum pop singer. She released a string of singles, but the only one that charted, "Happy, Happy Birthday Baby", did not crack the Billboard Hot 100. Although she expressed a desire to record country material, Monument resisted, thinking her unique voice with its strong vibrato was not suited to the genre.

After her composition, "Put It Off Until Tomorrow", as recorded by Bill Phillips (and with Parton, uncredited, on harmony), went to number six on the country chart in 1966, the label relented and allowed her to record country. Her first country single, "Dumb Blonde" (composed by Curly Putman, one of the few songs during this era that she recorded but did not write), reached number 24 on the country chart in 1967, followed by "Something Fishy", which went to number 17. The two songs appeared on her first full-length album, Hello, I'm Dolly.[20]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dolly Parton
العربية: دوللي بارتون
aragonés: Dolly Parton
asturianu: Dolly Parton
تۆرکجه: دالی پارتن
Bân-lâm-gú: Dolly Parton
български: Доли Партън
bosanski: Dolly Parton
brezhoneg: Dolly Parton
català: Dolly Parton
čeština: Dolly Parton
Cymraeg: Dolly Parton
Deutsch: Dolly Parton
Ελληνικά: Ντόλι Πάρτον
español: Dolly Parton
Esperanto: Dolly Parton
euskara: Dolly Parton
føroyskt: Dolly Parton
français: Dolly Parton
Gaeilge: Dolly Parton
galego: Dolly Parton
한국어: 돌리 파튼
հայերեն: Դոլլի Փարթոն
hrvatski: Dolly Parton
Bahasa Indonesia: Dolly Parton
íslenska: Dolly Parton
italiano: Dolly Parton
latviešu: Dollija Pārtone
Lëtzebuergesch: Dolly Parton
lumbaart: Dolly Parton
magyar: Dolly Parton
Malagasy: Dolly Parton
Nederlands: Dolly Parton
norsk nynorsk: Dolly Parton
occitan: Dolly Parton
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡੌਲੀ ਪਾਰਟਨ
polski: Dolly Parton
português: Dolly Parton
română: Dolly Parton
русский: Партон, Долли
Simple English: Dolly Parton
slovenčina: Dolly Partonová
slovenščina: Dolly Parton
српски / srpski: Доли Партон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dolly Parton
svenska: Dolly Parton
Tagalog: Dolly Parton
Türkçe: Dolly Parton
українська: Доллі Партон
Tiếng Việt: Dolly Parton
Winaray: Dolly Parton
žemaitėška: Duolė Partuon