Diuretic

Diuretics
Drug class
Class identifiers
UseForced diuresis, hypertension
ATC codeC03
External links
MeSHD004232
In Wikidata
Furosemide 125mg vials for intravenous application

A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine. This includes forced diuresis. There are several categories of diuretics. All diuretics increase the excretion of water from bodies, although each class does so in a distinct way. Alternatively, an antidiuretic, such as vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone), is an agent or drug which reduces the excretion of water in urine.

Medical uses

In medicine, diuretics are used to treat heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension, influenza, water poisoning, and certain kidney diseases. Some diuretics, such as acetazolamide, help to make the urine more alkaline and are helpful in increasing excretion of substances such as aspirin in cases of overdose or poisoning. Diuretics are sometimes abused by people with an eating disorder, especially people with bulimia nervosa, with the goal of losing weight.

The antihypertensive actions of some diuretics (thiazides and loop diuretics in particular) are independent of their diuretic effect.[1][2] That is, the reduction in blood pressure is not due to decreased blood volume resulting from increased urine production, but occurs through other mechanisms and at lower doses than that required to produce diuresis. Indapamide was specifically designed with this in mind, and has a larger therapeutic window for hypertension (without pronounced diuresis) than most other diuretics.

Other Languages
العربية: مدر البول
asturianu: Diuréticu
беларуская: Дыўрэтыкі
български: Диуретик
bosanski: Diuretik
català: Diürètic
čeština: Diuretikum
dansk: Diuretikum
Deutsch: Diuretikum
español: Diurético
euskara: Diuretiko
فارسی: ادرارآور
français: Diurétique
हिन्दी: मूत्रल
hrvatski: Diuretici
Bahasa Indonesia: Diuretik
italiano: Diuretici
עברית: משתן
Kapampangan: Diuretic
latviešu: Diurētiķi
lietuvių: Diuretikai
македонски: Диуретик
Bahasa Melayu: Diuretik
Nederlands: Diureticum
日本語: 利尿薬
norsk: Diuretikum
português: Diurético
română: Diuretic
русский: Диуретики
Simple English: Diuretic
slovenščina: Diuretik
српски / srpski: Диуретик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Diuretici
suomi: Diureetit
Türkçe: Diüretik
українська: Діуретики
walon: Diyuretike
吴语: 利尿药
粵語: 利尿劑
中文: 利尿劑