Disco

Disco is a genre of dance music and a subculture that emerged in the 1970s from the United States' urban nightlife scene.

The disco sound is typified by "four-on-the-floor" beats, syncopated basslines, and string sections, horns, electric piano, synthesizers, and electric rhythm guitars. Lead guitar features less frequently in disco than in rock. Well-known disco artists include Donna Summer, Gloria Gaynor, the Bee Gees, Chic, KC and the Sunshine Band, Thelma Houston, Cerrone, Village People and Michael Jackson.[1][2] While performers and singers garnered public attention, record producers working behind the scenes played an important role in developing the genre. Films such as Saturday Night Fever (1977) and Thank God It's Friday (1978) contributed to disco's mainstream popularity.

Disco started as a mixture of music from venues popular with African Americans, Hispanic and Latino Americans, Italian Americans,[3][4] LGBT people (especially African-American, Latino-American, and Italian-American gay men),[5] and psychedelic hippies in Philadelphia and New York City during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Disco can be seen as a reaction by the counterculture during this period to both the dominance of rock music and the stigmatization of dance music at the time. Several dance styles were developed during the period of disco's popularity in the United States, including “the Bump” and “the Hustle”.

By the late 1970s, most major U.S. cities had thriving disco club scenes, and DJs would mix dance records at clubs such as Studio 54 in New York City, a venue popular among celebrities. Discothèque-goers often wore expensive, extravagant and sexy fashions. There was also a thriving drug subculture in the disco scene, particularly for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud music and the flashing lights, such as cocaine and Quaaludes, the latter being so common in disco subculture that they were nicknamed "disco biscuits". Disco clubs were also associated with promiscuity as a reflection of the sexual revolution of this era in popular history.

Disco was the last popular music movement driven by the baby boom generation. It began to decline in the United States during 1979-80, and by 1982 it had lost nearly all popularity there. Disco Demolition Night, an anti-disco protest held in Chicago on July 12, 1979, remains the most well-known of several "backlash" incidents across the country that symbolized disco's declining fortune.

Disco was a key influence in the development of electronic dance music and house music. It has had several revivals, such as Madonna's highly successful 2005 album Confessions on a Dance Floor, and more recently in the 2010s, entering the pop charts in the US and the UK.

Etymology

The term "disco" is shorthand for the word discothèque, a French word for "library of phonograph records" derived from "bibliothèque". The word "discothèque" had the same meaning in English in the 1950s.[6]

"Discothèque" became used in French for a type of nightclub in Paris after these had resorted to playing records during the Nazi occupation in the early 1940s. Some clubs used it as their proper name. In 1960 it was also used to describe a Parisian nightclub in an English magazine.[6]

In the summer of 1964 a short sleeveless dress called "discotheque dress" was briefly very popular in the United States. The earliest known use for the abbreviated form "disco" described this dress and has been found in The Salt Lake Tribune of 12 July 1964, but Playboy magazine used it in September of the same year to describe Los Angeles nightclubs.[6]

Vince Aletti was one of the first to describe disco as a sound or a music genre. He wrote the feature article "Discoteque Rock Paaaaarty" that appeared in Rolling Stone magazine in September 1973.[7][8][9]

Other Languages
العربية: موسيقى ديسكو
asturianu: Música discu
azərbaycanca: Disko
Bân-lâm-gú: Disco
български: Диско
català: Música disco
čeština: Disco
Cymraeg: Disgo
dansk: Disco
Deutsch: Disco (Musik)
Ελληνικά: Disco
español: Música disco
Esperanto: Diskoo
euskara: Disco musika
فارسی: دیسکو
français: Disco
Gaeilge: Dioscó
한국어: 디스코
hrvatski: Disco
Ido: Disco
Bahasa Indonesia: Disko
íslenska: Diskó
italiano: Disco music
עברית: דיסקו
ქართული: დისკო
қазақша: Диско
latviešu: Disko
lietuvių: Disko
Lingua Franca Nova: Disco
lumbaart: Disco
magyar: Diszkó
македонски: Диско
മലയാളം: ഡിസ്കോ
Bahasa Melayu: Disko
norsk: Disco
norsk nynorsk: Disco
occitan: Disco
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Disko
polski: Disco
português: Música disco
română: Muzică disco
русский: Диско
Scots: Disco
Simple English: Disco
slovenčina: Disko
کوردی: دیسکۆ
српски / srpski: Диско музика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Disco
svenska: Disco
தமிழ்: திசுக்கோ
ไทย: ดิสโก
Türkçe: Disko
українська: Диско
اردو: ڈسکو
Tiếng Việt: Disco
吴语: 迪斯科
中文: 迪斯科