Diana, Princess of Wales

Diana
Princess of Wales (more)
Международная Леонардо-премия 18 (cropped 2).jpg
Diana, Princess of Wales, in Moscow, 1995
BornDiana Frances Spencer
(1961-07-01)1 July 1961
Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
Died31 August 1997(1997-08-31) (aged 36)
Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France
Burial6 September 1997
Lake Round Oval, Althorp, Northamptonshire, England
SpouseCharles, Prince of Wales
(m. 1981; div. 1996)
[1]
Issue
House
FatherJohn Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
MotherFrances Shand Kydd
SignatureDiana's signature

Diana, Princess of Wales (born Diana Frances Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was a member of the British royal family. She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, the heir apparent to the British throne, and the mother of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex.

Diana was born into the Spencer family, a family of British nobility with royal ancestry and was the youngest daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp, and Frances Roche. She grew up in Park House, situated on the Sandringham estate, and was educated in England and Switzerland. In 1975—after her father inherited the title of Earl Spencer—she became known as Lady Diana Spencer. She came to prominence in February 1981 when her engagement to Prince Charles was announced to the world.

Diana's wedding to the Prince of Wales took place at St Paul's Cathedral on 29 July 1981 and reached a global television audience of over 750 million people. During her marriage, Diana was Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, and Countess of Chester. The marriage produced two sons, the princes William and Harry, who were then respectively second and third in the line of succession to the British throne. As Princess of Wales, Diana undertook royal duties on behalf of the Queen and represented her at functions overseas. She was celebrated for her charity work and for her support of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. Diana was involved with dozens of charities including London's Great Ormond Street Hospital for children, of which she was president from 1989. She also raised awareness and advocated ways to help people affected with HIV/AIDS, cancer, and mental illness.

Diana remained the object of worldwide media scrutiny during and after her marriage, which ended in divorce on 28 August 1996 following well-publicised extramarital affairs by both parties. Media attention and public mourning were extensive after her death in a car crash in a Paris tunnel on 31 August 1997 and subsequent televised funeral.

Early life

Diana Frances Spencer was born on 1 July 1961, in Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk.[2] She was the fourth of five children of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp (1924–1992), and his first wife, Frances (née Roche; 1936–2004).[3] The Spencer family has been closely allied with the British royal family for several generations.[4] Both of Diana's grandmothers had served as ladies-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.[5] The Spencers were hoping for a boy to carry on the family line, and no name was chosen for a week, until they settled on Diana Frances, after her mother and after Lady Diana Spencer, a many-times-great-aunt who was also a prospective Princess of Wales.[6]

On 30 August 1961,[7] Diana was baptised at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham.[6] She grew up with three siblings: Sarah, Jane, and Charles.[8] Her infant brother, John, died shortly after his birth one year before Diana was born.[9] The desire for an heir added strain to the Spencers' marriage, and Lady Althorp was reportedly sent to Harley Street clinics in London to determine the cause of the "problem".[6] The experience was described as "humiliating" by Diana's younger brother, Charles: "It was a dreadful time for my parents and probably the root of their divorce because I don't think they ever got over it."[6] Diana grew up in Park House, situated on the Sandringham estate.[10] The Spencers leased the house from its owner, Queen Elizabeth II. The royal family frequently holidayed at the neighbouring Sandringham House, and Diana played with Prince Andrew and Prince Edward as a child.[11]

Diana was seven years old when her parents divorced.[12] Her mother later began a relationship with Peter Shand Kydd and married him in 1969.[13] Diana lived with her mother in London during her parents' separation in 1967, but during that year's Christmas holidays, Lord Althorp refused to let Diana return to London with Lady Althorp. Shortly afterwards he won custody of Diana with support from his former mother-in-law, Ruth Roche, Baroness Fermoy.[14] In 1972, Lord Althorp began a relationship with Raine, Countess of Dartmouth.[15] They married at Caxton Hall, London in 1976.[16] Diana's relationship with her stepmother was particularly bad.[17] She resented Raine, whom she called a "bully", and on one occasion Diana "pushed her down the stairs".[17] She later described her childhood as "very unhappy" and "very unstable, the whole thing".[18] Diana became known as Lady Diana after her father later inherited the title of Earl Spencer in 1975, at which point her father moved the entire family from Park House to Althorp, the Spencer seat in Northamptonshire.[19]

Other Languages
aragonés: Diana de Galas
asturianu: Diana Spencer
Bân-lâm-gú: Wales Ông-hui Diana
Bikol Central: Prinsesa Diana
български: Даяна Уелска
bosanski: Diana Spencer
brezhoneg: Diana Spencer
čeština: Princezna Diana
davvisámegiella: Diana (Walesa prinseassa)
español: Diana de Gales
Esperanto: Diana Spencer
français: Diana Spencer
Bahasa Indonesia: Diana Spencer
íslenska: Díana prinsessa
italiano: Diana Spencer
Basa Jawa: Diana Spencer
latviešu: Princese Diāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Diana, Princess of Wales
Limburgs: Diana Spencer
Bahasa Melayu: Diana, Puteri Wales
монгол: Диана гүнж
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒိုင်ယာနာ
Nederlands: Diana Spencer
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Diana Frances Spencer
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡਾਇਨਾ
پنجابی: لیڈی ڈیانہ
Ripoarisch: Diana Spencer
संस्कृतम्: डायना राजकुमारी
Simple English: Diana, Princess of Wales
slovenščina: Diana Spencer
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Diana, princeza od Walesa
Taqbaylit: Diana
татарча/tatarça: Diana Spenser
Türkçe: Diana Spencer