Dhaka

Dhaka

ঢাকা

Dacca
Dhaka (32709975263).jpg
National Assembly (25967498804).jpg
Recreational value of Hatirjheel.jpg
Curzon Hall 2.jpg
Lalbagh Fort Side.jpg
Uttra,Dhaka উত্তরা ঢাকা.jpg
From top: City Skyline including the Ramna Park,
Sangsad Bhaban in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Illuminated Hatirjheel lakefront,
Curzon Hall at University of Dhaka,
Lalbagh Fort in Old Dhaka, Uttara Lake in City North
Dhaka in Bangladesh
Dhaka in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°42′58″N 90°23′46″E / 23°42′58″N 90°23′46″E / 23.71611; 90.39611 (US$78 billion)[10]
7.440 trillion (US$95 billion) (nominal)[11]
PoliceDhaka Metropolitan Police
International airportHazrat Shahjalal International Airport
Dhaka South City Corporation

Dhaka (ə/ DAH-kə or ə/ DAK-ə; Bengali: ঢাকা, pronounced [ɖʱaka]), formerly known as Dacca,[13] is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the world's largest cities, with a population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area.[14][7][15] It is also one of the most densely populated city in the world. Dhaka is the economic, political and cultural center of Bangladesh. It is one of the major cities of South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia and among the Bay of Bengal countries; and one of the largest cities among OIC countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River and Shitalakshya River. The city is located in an eponymous district and division.

The area of Dhaka has been inhabited since the first millennium. The city rose to prominence in the 17th century as a provincial capital and commercial center of the Mughal Empire in South Asia. Dhaka was the capital of Mughal Bengal for 75 years. As the center of the muslin trade in Bengal, it was one of the most prosperous cities in the Indian subcontinent. The medieval city was named in honor of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and hosted the seat of the Mughal Subahdar (governor), Naib Nazims and Dewans (prime ministers). Medieval Dhaka's glory peaked in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was home to merchants from across Eurasia. The Mughals decorated the city with well-laid out gardens, tombs, mosques, palaces and forts. The city was once called the Venice of the East.[16] Under the British Empire, the city saw the introduction of electricity, railways, cinemas, Western-style universities and colleges and a modern water supply. It became an important administrative and educational center in Eastern Bengal and Assam after 1905.[17] In 1947, after ending of British rule, it became the administrative capital of the East Pakistan. It was declared as the legislative capital of Pakistan in 1962. In 1971, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh. Article 5 of the Constitution of Bangladesh declares Dhaka as the capital of the republic.[18]

Since its establishment as a modern capital city, the population, area, and social and economic diversity of Dhaka have grown tremendously. Dhaka is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in the country.[19] By the 21st century, it emerged as a megacity, which is now listed as a Beta- Global City by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC). Dhaka is a major financial center in the region, being home to many local and international companies. Its stock exchange has over 750 listed companies. The city hosts over 50 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of BIMSTEC. The city's culture is known for its cycle-rickshaws, cuisine, art festivals and religious diversity. The old city is home to around 2000 buildings from the Mughal and British periods, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra and Choto Katra caravansaries. The city's modernist national assembly is one of the largest parliaments in the world.

Etymology

The origins of the name for Dhaka are uncertain. Once dhak trees were very common in the area and the name may have originated from it. Alternatively, this name may refer to the hidden goddess Dhakeshwari, whose temple is located in the south-western part of the city.[20] Another popular theory states that Dhaka refers to a membranophone instrument, dhak which was played by order of Subahdar Islam Khan I during the inaugurating of the Bengal capital in 1610.[21]

Some references also say it was derived from a Prakrit dialect called Dhaka Bhasa; or Dhakka, used in the Rajtarangini for a watch-station; or it is the same as Davaka, mentioned in the Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta as an eastern frontier kingdom.[22] According to Rajatarangini written by a Kashmiri Brahman, Kalhana,[23] the region was originally known as Dhakka. The word Dhakka means watchtower. Bikrampur and Sonargaon—the earlier strongholds of Bengal rulers were situated nearby. So Dhaka was most likely used as the watchtower for the fortification purpose.[23]

Other Languages
Acèh: Dhaka
Afrikaans: Dhaka
Alemannisch: Dhaka
አማርኛ: ዳካ
العربية: دكا
aragonés: Dhaka
arpetan: Dhaka
অসমীয়া: ঢাকা
asturianu: Dhaka
azərbaycanca: Dəkkə
تۆرکجه: داکا
বাংলা: ঢাকা
Bân-lâm-gú: Dhaka
башҡортса: Дакка
беларуская: Дака
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дака
भोजपुरी: ढाका
български: Дака
བོད་ཡིག: དྷ་ཁ།
bosanski: Dhaka
brezhoneg: Dhaka
буряад: Дакка
català: Dhaka
čeština: Dháka
Chi-Chewa: Dhaka
chiShona: Dhaka
corsu: Dacca
Cymraeg: Dhaka
dansk: Dhaka
Deutsch: Dhaka
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޑާކާ
डोटेली: ढाका
eesti: Dhaka
Ελληνικά: Ντάκα
эрзянь: Дакка
español: Daca
Esperanto: Dako
estremeñu: Dacca
euskara: Dhaka
فارسی: داکا
Fiji Hindi: Dhaka
français: Dacca
Frysk: Daka
Gaeilge: Dhaka
Gàidhlig: Dhaka
galego: Dacca
ГӀалгӀай: Дакка
Gĩkũyũ: Dhaka
ગુજરાતી: ઢાકા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Dhaka
한국어: 다카
հայերեն: Դաքքա
हिन्दी: ढाका
hornjoserbsce: Dhaka
hrvatski: Dhaka
Ido: Dhaka
Ilokano: Dhaka
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ঢাকা
Bahasa Indonesia: Dhaka
interlingua: Dhaka
Ирон: Даккæ
íslenska: Dakka
italiano: Dacca
עברית: דאקה
Kabɩyɛ: Taakaa
kalaallisut: Dhaka
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಢಾಕಾ
ქართული: დაკა
қазақша: Дакка
kernowek: Dhaka
Kiswahili: Dhaka
Kongo: Dhaka
Kreyòl ayisyen: Daka
kurdî: Daka
Кыргызча: Дакка
Ladino: Dhaka
لۊری شومالی: داکا
Latina: Dacca
latviešu: Daka
Lëtzebuergesch: Dhaka
лезги: Дакка
lietuvių: Daka
Ligure: Dhaka
lumbaart: Dhaka
magyar: Dakka
मैथिली: ढाका
македонски: Дака
മലയാളം: ഢാക്ക
Māori: Dhaka
मराठी: ढाका
მარგალური: დაკა
مصرى: داكا
Bahasa Melayu: Dhaka
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dhaka
монгол: Дакка
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒါကာမြို့
Nederlands: Dhaka (stad)
नेपाली: ढाका
日本語: ダッカ
нохчийн: Дакка
Nordfriisk: Dhaka (Steed)
norsk: Dhaka
norsk nynorsk: Dhaka
Novial: Daka
occitan: Dhaka
олык марий: Дакка
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଢାକା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dakka
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਢਾਕਾ
پنجابی: ڈھاکہ
Papiamentu: Dhaka
Patois: Daaka
Piemontèis: Dacca
polski: Dhaka
português: Daca
Qaraqalpaqsha: Dakka
qırımtatarca: Dakka
română: Dacca
rumantsch: Dhaka
русиньскый: Дгака
русский: Дакка
саха тыла: Даака
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱰᱷᱟᱠᱟ
संस्कृतम्: ढाका
Scots: Dhaka
shqip: Dhaka
sicilianu: Dacca
සිංහල: ඩකා
Simple English: Dhaka
سنڌي: ڍاڪا
slovenčina: Dháka
slovenščina: Daka
ślůnski: Dhaka
کوردی: داکا
српски / srpski: Дака
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dhaka
Basa Sunda: Dhaka
suomi: Dhaka
svenska: Dhaka
Tagalog: Dhaka
தமிழ்: டாக்கா
Taqbaylit: Dakka
tarandíne: Dhaka
татарча/tatarça: Dakka
తెలుగు: ఢాకా
ไทย: ธากา
тоҷикӣ: Дака
Türkçe: Dakka
Türkmençe: Dakka
удмурт: Дакка
українська: Дакка
اردو: ڈھاکہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: داكا
vepsän kel’: Dakk
Tiếng Việt: Dhaka
Volapük: Dhaka
文言: 達卡
Winaray: Dhaka
吴语: 达卡
ייִדיש: דאקא
Yorùbá: Dhaka
粵語: 達卡
žemaitėška: Daka
中文: 达卡