Devanagari

Devanagari
देवनागरी
Chandas typeface specimen.svg
Devanagari script (vowels top, consonants bottom) in Chandas font
Type
LanguagesHindi, Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Nepali, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Newar, Bodo, Mundari, Gujarati, Hindustani, and many more
Time period
Early signs: 1st century CE,[1] modern form: 10th century CE[2][3]
Parent systems
Child systems
Gujarati
Moḍī
Sister systems
Nandinagari
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Deva, 315
Unicode alias
Devanagari
U+1CD0–U+1CFF Vedic Extensions
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.

Devanagari (i/ NAH-gər-ee; देवनागरी, IAST: Devanāgarī, Sanskrit pronunciation: [deːʋɐˈnaːɡɐɽiː]), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),[4] is a left-to-right abugida (alphasyllabary),[5] based on the ancient Brāhmī script,[1] used in the Indian subcontinent. It was developed in ancient India from the 1st to the 4th century CE,[1] and was in regular use by the 7th century CE.[4][6] The Devanagari script, composed of 47 primary characters including 14 vowels and 33 consonants, is one of the most adopted writing systems in the world,[7] being used for over 120 languages.[8] The ancient Nagari script for Sanskrit had two additional consonantal characters.[9]

The orthography of this script reflects the pronunciation of the language.[8] Unlike the Latin alphabet, the script has no concept of letter case.[10] It is written from left to right, has a strong preference for symmetrical rounded shapes within squared outlines, and is recognisable by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters.[5] In a cursory look, the Devanagari script appears different from other Indic scripts such as Bengali, Odia, or Gurmukhi, but a closer examination reveals they are very similar except for angles and structural emphasis.[5]

Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Sanskrit, Hindi,[11] Nepali, Pali, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.[8] The Devanagari script is closely related to the Nandinagari script commonly found in numerous ancient manuscripts of South India,[12][13] and it is distantly related to a number of southeast Asian scripts.[8]

Etymology

Devanagari is a compound of "deva" देव and "nāgarī" नागरी.[4] Deva meaning "heavenly or divine", and is also one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism,[14] Nagri comes from नगर (nagar), which means abode or city. Hence, Devanagari denotes from the abode of divinity or deities.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Devanagari
العربية: ديوناكري
asturianu: Devanagari
azərbaycanca: Devanaqari
Bahasa Banjar: Dewanagari
беларуская: Дэванагары
भोजपुरी: देवनागरी
български: Деванагари
Boarisch: Devanagari
bosanski: Devanagari
brezhoneg: Devanāgarī
català: Devanagari
čeština: Dévanágarí
Cymraeg: Devanāgarī
dansk: Devanagari
davvisámegiella: Devanagari
Deutsch: Devanagari
डोटेली: देवनागरी
español: Devanagari
Esperanto: Nagario
euskara: Devanagari
فارسی: دیواناگری
Fiji Hindi: Devanagri
français: Devanagari
Gàidhlig: Devanāgarī
galego: Devanágari
ગુજરાતી: દેવનાગરી
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: देवनागरी लिपी
հայերեն: Դևանագարի
हिन्दी: देवनागरी
hrvatski: Devanagari
Bahasa Indonesia: Aksara Dewanagari
íslenska: Devanagarí
ქართული: დევანაგარი
қазақша: Деванагари
Kiswahili: Devanagari
kurdî: Devanagarî
Latina: Devanagari
latviešu: Dēvanāgarī
Lingua Franca Nova: Alfabeta devanagari
मैथिली: देवनागरी
македонски: Деванагари
Malagasy: Devanagari
മലയാളം: ദേവനാഗരി
मराठी: देवनागरी
მარგალური: დევანაგარი
Bahasa Melayu: Aksara Dewanagari
Nederlands: Devanagari
नेपाल भाषा: देवनागरी लिपि
Nordfriisk: Devanagari
norsk nynorsk: Devanagari
occitan: Devanagari
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Devanagari
پنجابی: دیوناگری
português: Devanágari
română: Devanagari
Romani: Devnagrī
русский: Деванагари
संस्कृतम्: देवनागरी
Scots: Devanagari
Simple English: Devanagari
slovenčina: Dévanágarí
српски / srpski: Деванагари
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Devanagari
suomi: Devanagari
svenska: Devanāgarī
Tagalog: Devanagari
தமிழ்: தேவநாகரி
తెలుగు: దేవనాగరి
тоҷикӣ: Девоногарӣ
Türkçe: Devanagari
українська: Деванаґарі
Tiếng Việt: Devanagari
吴语: 天城文
粵語: 天城字
中文: 天城文