Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines, Iowa
Clockwise from top: skyline, the Greater Des Moines Botanical Garden, the Kruidenier Trail bridge, the Iowa State Capitol, and 801 Grand (Principal Financial Group)
Clockwise from top: skyline, the Greater Des Moines Botanical Garden, the Kruidenier Trail bridge, the Iowa State Capitol, and 801 Grand (Principal Financial Group)
Nickname(s): 
"Hartford of the West"[1][2]
Location within Iowa
Coordinates: 41°35′27″N 93°37′15″W / 41°35′27″N 93°37′15″W / 41.59083; -93.62083
CountryUnited States
StateIowa
CountiesPolk, Warren
Founded1843
IncorporatedSeptember 22, 1851
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager government[3]
 • MayorFrank Cownie (D)
 • Senate
 • House
 • U.S. CongressCindy Axne (D)
Area
 • State capital city90.65 sq mi (213.93 km2)
 • Land88.92 sq mi (233.3 km2)
 • Water1.73 sq mi (4.48 km2)
Elevation
955 ft (291 m)
Population
 • State capital city203,433
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
216,853
 • RankUS: 101st
IA: 1st
 • Density2,200/sq mi (950/km2)
 • Urban
450,070 (86th)
 • Metro
655,409 (87th)
 • CSA
846,068 (65th)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
50301-50340-50310
Area code515
FIPS code19-21000
DMgov.org

Des Moines (n/ (About this soundlisten)) is the capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Iowa. It is also the county seat of Polk County. A small part of the city extends into Warren County. It was incorporated on September 22, 1851, as Fort Des Moines, which was shortened to "Des Moines" in 1857.[7] It is on and named after the Des Moines River, which likely was adapted from the early French name, Rivière des Moines, meaning "River of the Monks". The city's population was 216,853 as of the 2018 population estimate.[8] The five-county metropolitan area is ranked 89th in terms of population in the United States with 655,409 residents according to the 2018 estimate by the United States Census Bureau, and is the largest metropolitan area fully located within the state. A portion of the larger Omaha, Nebraska metropolitan area extends into three counties of southwest Iowa.[9]

Des Moines is a major center of the U.S. insurance industry, and has a sizable financial services and publishing business base. The city was credited as the "number one spot for U.S. insurance companies" in a Business Wire article and named the third-largest "insurance capital" of the world. The city is the headquarters for the Principal Financial Group, the Meredith Corporation, Ruan Transportation, EMC Insurance Companies, and Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield. Other major corporations such as Wells Fargo, Voya Financial, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, ACE Limited, Marsh, Monsanto, and DuPont Pioneer have large operations in or near the metropolitan area. In recent years, Microsoft, Hewlett Packard, and Facebook[10][11] have built data-processing and logistical facilities in the Des Moines area. Forbes ranked Des Moines as the "Best Place for Business" in both 2010 and 2013.[12] In 2014, NBC ranked Des Moines as the "Wealthiest City in America" according to its criteria.[13]

Des Moines is an important city in U.S. presidential politics; as the state's capital, it is the site of the first caucuses of the presidential primary cycle. Many presidential candidates set up campaign headquarters in Des Moines. A 2007 article in The New York Times said, "If you have any desire to witness presidential candidates in the most close-up and intimate of settings, there is arguably no better place to go than Des Moines."[14]

Etymology

Des Moines takes its name from Fort Des Moines (1843–46), which was named for the Des Moines River. This was adopted from the name given by French colonists. "Des Moines" (pronounced [de.mwan] (About this soundlisten), formerly French pronunciation: ​[de.mwɛn]) translates literally to either "from the monks" or "of the monks". The historian Virgil Vogel claimed that the name was derived from Moingona, an Algonquian clan name, which means "Loon".[15]

Some historians and researchers lacking linguistic or Algonquianist training concluded that Moingona meant "people by the portage" or something similar, a reference to the Des Moines Rapids. This was where the earliest known encounters between the Moingona and European explorers took place.[16]

One popular interpretation of "Des Moines" ignores Vogel's research, and concludes that it refers to a group of French Trappist monks, who in the 17th century lived in huts built on top of what is now known as the ancient Monks Mound at Cahokia, the major center of Mississippian culture, which developed in what is present-day Illinois, east of the Mississippi River and the city of St. Louis. This was some 200 miles (320 km) from the Des Moines River.[17]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Des Moines
አማርኛ: ደሞይን
العربية: دي موين (آيوا)
azərbaycanca: De-moyn
Bân-lâm-gú: Des Moines
башҡортса: Де-Мойн
беларуская: Дэ-Мойн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дэ-Мойн
български: Де Мойн
bosanski: Des Moines
català: Des Moines
čeština: Des Moines
dansk: Des Moines
Deutsch: Des Moines
eesti: Des Moines
español: Des Moines
estremeñu: Des Moines (Iowa)
euskara: Des Moines
Gàidhlig: Des Moines, Iowa
한국어: 디모인
հայերեն: Դե Մոյն
हिन्दी: डी मोइन
Bahasa Indonesia: Des Moines, Iowa
interlingua: Des Moines (Iowa)
Interlingue: Des Moines (Iowa)
Ирон: Де-Мойн
íslenska: Des Moines
italiano: Des Moines
עברית: דה מוין
Kapampangan: Des Moines, Iowa
ქართული: დე-მოინი
Kiswahili: Des Moines, Iowa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Des Moines, Iowa
kurdî: Des Moines
кырык мары: Де-Мойн (Айова)
Latina: Monachopolis
latviešu: Demoina
lietuvių: De Moinas
lumbaart: Des Moines
magyar: Des Moines
македонски: Де Мојн (Ајова)
მარგალური: დე-მოინი
Bahasa Melayu: Des Moines, Iowa
Nederlands: Des Moines (Iowa)
नेपाल भाषा: दि मोइन, आयोवा
нохчийн: Де-Мойн
norsk: Des Moines
norsk nynorsk: Des Moines
occitan: Des Moines
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Des Moines (Iowa)
پنجابی: ڈس موئنس
Piemontèis: Des Moines
polski: Des Moines
português: Des Moines
русский: Де-Мойн
संस्कृतम्: डे माय्ने
sardu: Des Moines
shqip: Des Moines
Simple English: Des Moines, Iowa
slovenčina: Des Moines
ślůnski: Des Moines
српски / srpski: Де Мојн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Des Moines, Iowa
suomi: Des Moines
svenska: Des Moines
Tagalog: Des Moines
தமிழ்: டி மொயின்
татарча/tatarça: Де-Мойн
Türkçe: Des Moines
українська: Де-Мойн
Tiếng Việt: Des Moines, Iowa
Volapük: Des Moines
ייִדיש: דע מוין
粵語: 迪莫因
žemaitėška: De Moins
中文: 德梅因