Kingdom of Denmark

Kongeriget Danmark  (Danish)
Anthem: Der er et yndigt land
(English: "There is a lovely country")

Kong Christian stod ved højen mast[N 1]
(English: "King Christian stood by the lofty mast")
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark (green), including Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark proper
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark (green), including Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark proper
Location of Denmark proper[N 2] (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Denmark proper[N 2] (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
55°43′N 12°34′E / 55°43′N 12°34′E / 55.717; 12.567
Official languagesDanish
Recognised regional languagesFaroese
German[N 3]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Margrethe II
Mette Frederiksen
c. 8th century[2]
5 June 1849
24 October 1945
24 March 1948[N 4]
1 January 1973
• Denmark proper
42,933 km2 (16,577 sq mi)[3] (130th)
• Entire kingdom
2,220,930 km2 (857,510 sq mi)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 5,806,015[4] (112th)
• Faroe Islands
• Greenland
• Density (Denmark)
134.76/km2 (349.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$299 billion[7][N 5] (52nd)
• Per capita
$51,643[7] (19th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$370 billion[7][N 5] (34th)
• Per capita
$63,829[7] (6th)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 27.6[8]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.929[9]
very high · 11th
CurrencyDanish krone[N 6] (DKK)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
[N 7]
Driving sideright
Calling code
ISO 3166 codeDK
Internet TLD

Denmark (Danish: Danmark, pronounced [ˈtænmak] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,[N 9][N 2] is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands,[N 2][10] with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway,[N 10] and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi),[3] and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million (as of 2018).[11]

The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea.[2] Denmark, Sweden, and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until 1814, Denmark–Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a highly developed mixed economy.

The Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660. It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, and main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islandsin 1948; in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009. Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community (now the EU) in 1973, but negotiated certain opt-outs; it retains its own currency, the krone. It is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, and the United Nations; it is also part of the Schengen Area. Denmark has close ties to its Scandinavian neighbours also linguistically, with the Danish language being partially mutually intelligible with both Norwegian and Swedish.

Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and socially developed countries in the world.[12] Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks highly in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance, prosperity, and human development.[13][14][15] The country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility,[16] a high level of income equality,[17] has the lowest perceived level of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, and one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.[18]


The etymology of the name "Denmark", the relationship between "Danes" and "Denmark", and the emergence of Denmark as a unified kingdom are topics of continuous scholarly debate.[19][20] This is centered primarily on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending.

Most etymological dictionaries and handbooks derive "Dan" from a word meaning "flat land",[21] related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave".[21] The element mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland (see marches), with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig.[22]

The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old (c. 955) and Harald Bluetooth (c. 965). The larger of the two stones is popularly cited as the "baptismal certificate" (dåbsattest) of Denmark,[23] though both use the word "Denmark", in the accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk ([danmɒrk]) on the large stone, and the genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" (pronounced [danmarkaɽ]) on the small stone,[24] The inhabitants of Denmark are there called tani ([danɪ]), or "Danes", in the accusative.

Other Languages
Acèh: Denmark
Адыгэбзэ: Даниэ
адыгабзэ: Дание
Afrikaans: Denemarke
Alemannisch: Dänemark
አማርኛ: ዴንማርክ
Ænglisc: Denemearc
Аҧсшәа: Даниа
العربية: الدنمارك
aragonés: Dinamarca
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܕܐܢܡܐܪܩ
armãneashti: Danimarca
arpetan: Danemârc
asturianu: Dinamarca
Avañe'ẽ: Ndinamáka
авар: Дания
Aymar aru: Dinamarka
azərbaycanca: Danimarka
تۆرکجه: دانمارک
বাংলা: ডেনমার্ক
Bân-lâm-gú: Tan-be̍h
башҡортса: Дания
беларуская: Данія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Данія
भोजपुरी: डेनमार्क
Bikol Central: Denmark
Bislama: Denmark
български: Дания
Boarisch: Dänemark
བོད་ཡིག: དན་མྲག
bosanski: Danska
brezhoneg: Danmark
буряад: Дани
català: Dinamarca
Чӑвашла: Дани
Cebuano: Dinamarka
čeština: Dánsko
Chamoru: Denamarka
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Dinamarca
chiShona: Denmark
chiTumbuka: Denmark
corsu: Danimarca
Cymraeg: Denmarc
dansk: Danmark
davvisámegiella: Dánmárku
Deitsch: Denemarrick
Deutsch: Dänemark
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޑެންމާކު
dolnoserbski: Dańska
डोटेली: डेनमार्क
ཇོང་ཁ: ཌེན་མཱཀ་
eesti: Taani
Ελληνικά: Δανία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Danimàrca
español: Dinamarca
Esperanto: Danio
estremeñu: Dinamarca
euskara: Danimarka
eʋegbe: Denmark
فارسی: دانمارک
Fiji Hindi: Denmark
français: Danemark
Frysk: Denemark
Fulfulde: Danemark
furlan: Danimarcje
Gaelg: Yn Danvarg
Gagauz: Daniya
galego: Dinamarca
贛語: 丹麥
Gĩkũyũ: Ndenimaki
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌳𐌰𐌽𐌹𐌼𐌰𐍂𐌺𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: डेन्मार्क
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tân-ma̍k
한국어: 덴마크
Hausa: Denmark
Hawaiʻi: Kenemaka
հայերեն: Դանիա
हिन्दी: डेनमार्क
hornjoserbsce: Danska
hrvatski: Danska
Ido: Dania
Igbo: Denmark
Ilokano: Dinamarka
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ডেনমার্ক
Bahasa Indonesia: Denmark
interlingua: Danmark
Interlingue: Dania
Ирон: Дани
isiZulu: IDenimaki
íslenska: Danmörk
italiano: Danimarca
עברית: דנמרק
kalaallisut: Danmarki
Kapampangan: Dinamarka
къарачай-малкъар: Дания
ქართული: დანია
kaszëbsczi: Dëńskô
қазақша: Дания
kernowek: Danmark
Kinyarwanda: Danimarike
Kirundi: Danemark
коми: Дания
Kongo: Danemark
Kreyòl ayisyen: Danmak
kurdî: Danîmarka
Ladino: Danimarka
лакку: Дания
latgaļu: Daneja
Latina: Dania
latviešu: Dānija
Lëtzebuergesch: Dänemark
лезги: Дания
Ligure: Danemarca
Limburgs: Denemarke
lingála: Danemark
Lingua Franca Nova: Danmarc
Livvinkarjala: Danii
la .lojban.: danmark
Luganda: Denimaaka
lumbaart: Danimarca
magyar: Dánia
मैथिली: डेनमार्क
македонски: Данска
Malagasy: Danmarka
Māori: Tenemāka
მარგალური: დანია
مصرى: دنمارك
Bahasa Melayu: Denmark
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dăng-măh
мокшень: Данмастор
монгол: Дани
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒိန်းမတ်နိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Denemark
Nederlands: Denemarken
Nedersaksies: Denmaark
नेपाल भाषा: डेनमार्क
日本語: デンマーク
Napulitano: Danemarca
нохчийн: Дани
Nordfriisk: Dånmark
Norfuk / Pitkern: Denmark
norsk: Danmark
norsk nynorsk: Danmark
Nouormand: Dannemar
Novial: Dania
occitan: Danemarc
олык марий: Даний
Pangasinan: Dinamarka
پنجابی: ڈنمارک
Papiamentu: Dinamarka
Перем Коми: Данмарк
Picard: Danemark
Piemontèis: Danimarca
Tok Pisin: Denmak
Plattdüütsch: Däänmark
polski: Dania
Ποντιακά: Δανία
português: Dinamarca
Qaraqalpaqsha: Daniya
qırımtatarca: Danimarka
Ripoarisch: Dänemark
română: Danemarca
romani čhib: Danemarka
rumantsch: Danemarc
Runa Simi: Dansuyu
русиньскый: Даньско
русский: Дания
саха тыла: Дания
Gagana Samoa: Tenimaka
संस्कृतम्: डेनमार्क
Sängö: Danemêrke
Scots: Denmark
Sesotho: Denmark
سنڌي: ڊينمارڪ
SiSwati: IDenimakhi
slovenčina: Dánsko
slovenščina: Danska
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Данїꙗ
ślůnski: Dańijo
کوردی: دانمارک
Sranantongo: Danskmakondre
српски / srpski: Данска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Danska
suomi: Tanska
svenska: Danmark
Tagalog: Dinamarka
Taqbaylit: Danmaṛk
tarandíne: Danemarche
татарча/tatarça: Дания
తెలుగు: డెన్మార్క్
tetun: Dinamarka
тоҷикӣ: Дания
Türkçe: Danimarka
Türkmençe: Daniýa
тыва дыл: Дания
удмурт: Дания
українська: Данія
اردو: ڈنمارک
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: دانىيە
Vahcuengh: Danhmai
vèneto: Danimarca
vepsän kel’: Danii
Tiếng Việt: Đan Mạch
Volapük: Danän
Võro: Taani
文言: 丹麥
West-Vlams: Denemarkn
Winaray: Dinamarka
Wolof: Danmaark
吴语: 丹麦
Xitsonga: Denmark
ייִדיש: דענמארק
Yorùbá: Dẹ́nmárkì
粵語: 丹麥
Zazaki: Danimarka
Zeêuws: Denemarken
žemaitėška: Danėjė
中文: 丹麦