Demographics of Belgium

Demographics of Kingdom of Belgium
Belgium demography.svg
1948-2009
Population11,515,790 (November 2019) 80th
Growth rate0.75% (2017)
Birth rate11.7 births/1,000 population (2008)
Death rate9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2008)
Life expectancy80.38 years (2012)
 • male78.0 years (2013 est.)
 • female83.0 years (2013 est.)
Fertility rate1.85 children born/woman (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate4,62
Age structure
0–14 years16.1% (male 857,373/female 822,303)
15–64 years66.3% (male 3,480,072/female 3,419,721)
65 and over17.6% (male 760,390/female 1,074,477) (2009 est.)
Sex ratio
At birth1.04 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Under 151.04 male(s)/female
15–64 years1.02 male(s)/female
65 and over0.72 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationalitynoun: Belgian(s) adjective: Belgian
Major ethnic58% Flemish
Minor ethnic31% Walloon, 11% Mixed/Other
Language
SpokenDutch, French, German

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belgium, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. All figures are from the National Institute for Statistics unless otherwise indicated.[1]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1846 4,337,196—    
1856 4,529,460+4.4%
1866 4,827,833+6.6%
1876 5,336,185+10.5%
1880 5,520,009+3.4%
1890 6,069,321+10.0%
1900 6,693,548+10.3%
1910 7,423,784+10.9%
1920 7,465,782+0.6%
1930 8,092,004+8.4%
1947 8,512,195+5.2%
1961 9,189,741+8.0%
1970 9,650,944+5.0%
1981 9,848,647+2.0%
1991 9,978,681+1.3%
2001 10,296,350+3.2%
2011 11,000,638+6.8%
2019 11,515,793+4.7%
Source: Statistics Belgium, 2018[2]

Belgium had a population of 11,190,846 people on 1 January 2015 as compared to the 10,839,905 people on 1 January 2010, an increase of 601,000 in comparison to 2000 (10,239,085 inhabitants). Between 1990 (9,947,782 inhabitants) and 2000 the increase was only 291,000. As of November 1, 2019, Belgium has a population of 11,515,793[3] and is the 80th most populous country in the world. The population of Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels on January 1, 2019 was 6,589,069 (57.6% of Belgium), 3,633,795 (31.8% of Belgium) and 1,208,542 (10.6% of Belgium), respectively. The population density of Belgium is 376/km2 (970/sq mi) as of November 1, 2019, making it the 22nd most densely populated country in the world, and the 6th most densely populated country in Europe. The most densely populated province is Antwerp, the least densily populated province is Luxembourg.

Other Languages
العربية: سكان بلجيكا
Bahasa Indonesia: Demografi Belgia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Belgiyaliklar
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Demografija Belgije
українська: Населення Бельгії