Democratic Party (United States)

  • democratic party
    chairpersontom perez (md)
    speaker of the housenancy pelosi (ca)
    house majority leadersteny hoyer (md)
    senate minority leaderchuck schumer (ny)
    foundedjanuary 8, 1828; 192 years ago (1828-01-08)[1]
    preceded bydemocratic-republican party
    headquarters430 south capitol st. se,
    washington, d.c., 20003
    student wingcollege democrats of america
    high school democrats of america
    youth wingyoung democrats of america
    women's wingnational federation of democratic women
    overseas wingdemocrats abroad
    membership (2018)decrease44,780,772[2]
    ideologymajority:
     • modern liberalism[3][4]
     • social liberalism[5]
    factions:
     • centrism[6][7]
     • conservatism[7][8]
     • democratic socialism[9][10][11][12]
     • left-wing populism[13][14][15]
     • progressivism[16]
     • social democracy[17]

    colors     blue
    seats in the senate
    45 / 100
    seats in the house
    232 / 435
    state governorships
    24 / 50
    state upper chamber seats
    874 / 1,972
    state lower chamber seats
    2,579 / 5,411
    territorial governorships
    4 / 6
    territorial upper chamber seats
    31 / 97
    territorial lower chamber seats
    0 / 91
    election symbol
    democraticlogo.svg
    website
    democrats.org
    • politics of united states
    • political parties
    • elections

    the democratic party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the united states, along with its main rival, the republican party. tracing its heritage back to thomas jefferson and james madison's democratic-republican party, the modern-day democratic party was founded around 1828 by supporters of andrew jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.[18]

    in its early years, the party supported limited government and state sovereignty while opposing banks and supporting slavery. since franklin d. roosevelt and his new deal coalition in the 1930s, the democratic party has promoted a social liberal platform.[3][19] well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and southern conservative-populist wings; following the new deal, however, the conservative wing of the party largely withered outside the south. the new deal coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent european extraction—many of whom were catholics based in the cities.[20][21][22] after the civil rights act of 1964 and the voting rights act of 1965, the core bases of the two parties shifted, with the southern states becoming more reliably republican in presidential politics and the northeastern states becoming more reliably democratic. the once-powerful labor union element became smaller and less supportive after the 1970s. white evangelicals and southerners have become heavily republican at the state and local levels since the 1990s. people living in urban areas, women, sexual minorities, millennials, and black, latino, jewish, muslim, and asian americans tend to support the democratic party.[23][24][25]

    the democratic party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.[26] it seeks to provide government regulation in the economy to promote the public interest.[27] policies such as environmental protection, support for organized labor and labor unions, the introduction of social programs, affordable college tuition, universal health care, equal opportunity, and consumer protection form the core of the party's economic policy.[26][28] on social issues, it advocates campaign finance reform,[29] lgbt rights,[30] police and immigration reform,[31] stricter gun laws,[32] and the legalization of marijuana.[33]

    15 democrats have served as president of the united states. the first was andrew jackson, who was the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. the most recent was barack obama, who was the 44th and held office from 2009 to 2017. as of 2019, the democrats hold a majority in the house of representatives, 15 state government trifectas (governorship and both legislative chambers),[34] the mayoralty of most major american cities,[35] and 19 total state legislatures. four of the nine sitting justices of the supreme court were appointed by democratic presidents.

  • history
  • name and symbols
  • current structure and composition
  • ideology
  • political positions
  • voter base
  • democratic presidents
  • supreme court justices appointed by democratic presidents
  • recent electoral history
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Democratic Party
ChairpersonTom Perez (MD)
Speaker of the HouseNancy Pelosi (CA)
House Majority LeaderSteny Hoyer (MD)
Senate Minority LeaderChuck Schumer (NY)
FoundedJanuary 8, 1828; 192 years ago (1828-01-08)[1]
Preceded byDemocratic-Republican Party
Headquarters430 South Capitol St. SE,
Washington, D.C., 20003
Student wingCollege Democrats of America
High School Democrats of America
Youth wingYoung Democrats of America
Women's wingNational Federation of Democratic Women
Overseas wingDemocrats Abroad
Membership (2018)Decrease44,780,772[2]
IdeologyMajority:
 • Modern liberalism[3][4]
 • Social liberalism[5]
Factions:
 • Centrism[6][7]
 • Conservatism[7][8]
 • Democratic socialism[9][10][11][12]
 • Left-wing populism[13][14][15]
 • Progressivism[16]
 • Social democracy[17]

Colors     Blue
Seats in the Senate
45 / 100
Seats in the House
232 / 435
State Governorships
24 / 50
State Upper Chamber Seats
874 / 1,972
State Lower Chamber Seats
2,579 / 5,411
Territorial Governorships
4 / 6
Territorial Upper Chamber Seats
31 / 97
Territorial Lower Chamber Seats
0 / 91
Election symbol
DemocraticLogo.svg
Website
democrats.org

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.[18]

In its early years, the Party supported limited government and state sovereignty while opposing banks and supporting slavery. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform.[3][19] Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist wings; following the New Deal, however, the conservative wing of the party largely withered outside the South. The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities.[20][21][22] After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the core bases of the two parties shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic. The once-powerful labor union element became smaller and less supportive after the 1970s. White evangelicals and Southerners have become heavily Republican at the state and local levels since the 1990s. People living in urban areas, women, sexual minorities, millennials, and black, Latino, Jewish, Muslim, and Asian Americans tend to support the Democratic Party.[23][24][25]

The Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.[26] It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy to promote the public interest.[27] Policies such as environmental protection, support for organized labor and labor unions, the introduction of social programs, affordable college tuition, universal health care, equal opportunity, and consumer protection form the core of the party's economic policy.[26][28] On social issues, it advocates campaign finance reform,[29] LGBT rights,[30] police and immigration reform,[31] stricter gun laws,[32] and the legalization of marijuana.[33]

15 Democrats have served as president of the United States. The first was Andrew Jackson, who was the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was Barack Obama, who was the 44th and held office from 2009 to 2017. As of 2019, the Democrats hold a majority in the House of Representatives, 15 state government trifectas (governorship and both legislative chambers),[34] the mayoralty of most major American cities,[35] and 19 total state legislatures. Four of the nine sitting justices of the Supreme Court were appointed by Democratic presidents.

Other Languages
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дэмакратычная партыя
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mìn-chú-tóng (Mî-koet)
Lëtzebuergesch: Democratic Party (USA)
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mìng-ciō-dōng (Mī-guók)
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Demokratlar partiyasi
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Demokratska stranka SAD
татарча/tatarça: AQŞ Demokratik firqäse