Delhi

Delhi
National Capital Territory of Delhi
From top clockwise: Lotus temple, Humayun's Tomb, Connaught Place, Akshardham temple and India Gate
Official logo of Delhi
Seal of NCT Delhi
Location of Delhi in India
Location of Delhi in India
Coordinates: 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E / 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E / 28.61000; 77.23000

Delhi (English: i/; Hindi: [ˈdɪlːi] Dillī; Punjabi: [ˈdɪlːi] Dillī; Urdu: [ˈdɛhli] Dehlī), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India.[18][19]It is bordered by Haryana (Gurugram, Faridabad, Jhajjar and Sonipat) on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh (Gautam Budh Nagar, Ghaziabad and Baghpat) to the east. The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to the 2011 census, Delhi's city proper population was over 11 million,[7] the second-highest in India after Mumbai,[20] while the whole NCT's population was about 16.8 million.[8] Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundaries, and include the neighbouring satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Noida, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Bahadurgarh and Sonipat in an area now called Central National Capital Region (CNCR) and had an estimated 2016 population of over 26 million people, making it the world's second-largest urban area according to the United Nations.[9]As of 2016, recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India.[13][12][21][14] Delhi is the second-wealthiest city in India after Mumbai and is home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires.[22] Delhi ranks fifth among the Indian states and union territories in human development index.[16] Delhi has the second-highest GDP per capita in India.[11]Furthermore, it is considered one of the world's most polluted city by particulate matter concentration.

Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BCE.[23] Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires. It has been captured, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region.

A union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India, with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi, and serves as the capital of the nation as well as the NCT of Delhi. Delhi hosted the first and ninth Asian Games in 1951 and 1982, respectively, 1983 NAM Summit, 2010 Men's Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games, 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the major host cities of the 2011 Cricket World Cup.

Delhi is also the centre of the National Capital Region (NCR), which is a unique 'interstate regional planning' area created by the National Capital Region Planning Board Act of 1985.[24][25]

Toponym

There are a number of myths and legends associated with the origin of the name Delhi. One of them is derived from Dhillu or Dilu, a king who built a city at this location in 50 BCE and named it after himself.[26][27][28] Another legend holds that the name of the city is based on the Hindi/Prakrit word dhili (loose) and that it was used by the Tomaras to refer to the city because the iron pillar of Delhi had a weak foundation and had to be moved.[28] The coins in circulation in the region under the Tomaras were called dehliwal.[29] According to the Bhavishya Purana, King Prithiviraja of Indraprastha built a new fort in the modern-day Purana Qila area for the convenience of all four castes in his kingdom. He ordered the construction of a gateway to the fort and later named the fort dehali.[30] Some historians believe that Dhilli or Dhillika is the original name for the city while others believe the name could be a corruption of the Hindustani words dehleez or dehali—both terms meaning 'threshold' or 'gateway'—and symbolic of the city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain.[31][32][33]

The people of Delhi are referred to as Delhiites or Dilliwalas.[34] The city is referenced in various idioms of the Northern Indo-Aryan languages. Examples include:

  • Abhi Dilli door hai (अभी दिल्ली दूर है) or its Persian version, Hanuz Dehli dur ast (هنوز دهلی دور است), literally meaning Delhi is still far away, which is generically said about a task or journey still far from completion.[35][36]
  • Dilli dilwalon ka shehr or Dilli dilwalon ki meaning Delhi belongs to the large-hearted/daring.[37]
  • Aas-paas barse, Dilli pani tarse, literally meaning it pours all around, while Delhi lies parched. An allusion to the sometimes semi-arid climate of Delhi, it idiomatically refers to situations of deprivation when one is surrounded by plenty.[36]
Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Дели
Afrikaans: Delhi
Alemannisch: Delhi
አማርኛ: ዴሊ
العربية: دلهي
aragonés: Delhi
অসমীয়া: দিল্লী
asturianu: Delhi
azərbaycanca: Dehli
تۆرکجه: دهلی
বাংলা: দিল্লি
Bân-lâm-gú: Delhi
башҡортса: Дели
беларуская: Дэлі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дэлі
भोजपुरी: दिल्ली
български: Делхи
bosanski: Delhi
brezhoneg: Delhi
буряад: Дели
català: Delhi
čeština: Dillí
Chi-Chewa: Delhi
Cymraeg: Delhi
dansk: Delhi
davvisámegiella: Delhi
Deutsch: Delhi
ދިވެހިބަސް: ދިއްލީ
dolnoserbski: Delhi
eesti: Delhi
Ελληνικά: Δελχί
español: Delhi
Esperanto: Delhio
estremeñu: Delhi
euskara: Delhi
فارسی: دهلی
føroyskt: Delhi
français: Delhi
Gaeilge: Delhi
Gàidhlig: Delhi
galego: Delhi
ГӀалгӀай: Дели
贛語: 德里
ગુજરાતી: દિલ્હી
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Dil'li
한국어: 델리
հայերեն: Դելի
Արեւմտահայերէն: Տելհի
हिन्दी: दिल्ली
hrvatski: Delhi (grad)
Ilokano: Delhi
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: দিল্লী
Bahasa Indonesia: Delhi
Ирон: Дели
íslenska: Delí
italiano: Delhi
עברית: דלהי
Kabɩyɛ: Teeli
kalaallisut: Delhi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ದೆಹಲಿ
Kapampangan: Delhi
ქართული: დელი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: دلھی
қазақша: Дели
kernowek: Delhi
Kiswahili: Delhi
kurdî: Delhî
Кыргызча: Дели
Ladino: Delhi
Latina: Dellium
latviešu: Deli
лезги: Дели
lietuvių: Delis
lingála: Delhi
Livvinkarjala: Delhi
magyar: Delhi
मैथिली: दिल्ली
Malagasy: Faritan'i Delhi
മലയാളം: ഡെൽഹി
Māori: Delhi
मराठी: दिल्ली
მარგალური: დელი
مصرى: ديلهى
Bahasa Melayu: Delhi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Delhi
монгол: Дели
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒေလီမြို့
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Delhi
Nederlands: Delhi (stad)
नेपाल भाषा: दिल्ली
日本語: デリー
нохчийн: Дели
norsk: Delhi
norsk nynorsk: Delhi
occitan: Delhi
олык марий: Дели
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଦିଲ୍ଲୀ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dehli
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਦਿੱਲੀ
پنجابی: دلی
پښتو: ډېلي
Patois: Deli
Plattdüütsch: Delhi
polski: Delhi
português: Deli
română: Delhi
Runa Simi: Dilhi
русиньскый: Делі
русский: Дели
саха тыла: Дели
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
संस्कृतम्: देहली
Scots: Delhi
Simple English: Delhi
سنڌي: دهلي
slovenčina: Dillí
slovenščina: Delhi
ślůnski: Delhi
کوردی: دێلھی
српски / srpski: Делхи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Delhi
suomi: Delhi
svenska: Delhi
Tagalog: Delhi
தமிழ்: தில்லி
tarandíne: Delhi
татарча/tatarça: Dähli
తెలుగు: ఢిల్లీ
ไทย: เดลี
тоҷикӣ: Деҳлӣ
ತುಳು: ದೆಹಲಿ
Türkçe: Delhi
Türkmençe: Deli
Twi: Delhi
українська: Делі
اردو: دہلی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: دېھلى
vèneto: Delhi
vepsän kel’: Deli
Tiếng Việt: Delhi
Volapük: Delhi
Winaray: Delhi
吴语: 德里
ייִדיש: דעלהי
Yorùbá: Delhi
粵語: 德里
中文: 德里