Decathlon

Athletics
Decathlon
Decathlon combines four runs, three jumps and three throws.
Men's records
WorldKevin Mayer 9126 pts (2018)
OlympicRoman Šebrle 8893 pts (2004) and Ashton Eaton 8893 pts (2016)
Women's records
WorldAustra Skujytė 8358 pts (2005)

The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events. The word "decathlon" was formed, in analogy to the word "pentathlon", from Greek δέκα (déka, meaning "ten") and ἄθλος (áthlos, or ἄθλον, áthlon, meaning "contest" or “prize”). Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved.[1] The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes typically compete in the heptathlon.

Traditionally, the title of "World's Greatest Athlete" has been given to the person who wins the decathlon, thus the world's greatest athlete of all times is the record-man of decathlon (Kevin Mayer as of September 2018). This began when King Gustav V of Sweden told Jim Thorpe, "You, sir, are the world's greatest athlete" after Thorpe won the decathlon at the Stockholm Olympics in 1912.[2]

The event is similar to the pentathlon held at the ancient Greek Olympics,[3] and also similar to a competition called an "all-around", which was contested at the United States amateur championships in 1884.[4][5] Another all-around was held at the 1904 Summer Olympics.[6] The modern decathlon first appeared at the 1912 Games.[7]

The current official decathlon world record holder is French Kevin Mayer, who scored a total of 9,126 points at the 2018 Décastar in France.

Historical background

The decathlon developed from the ancient pentathlon competitions held at the ancient Greek Olympics. Pentathlons involved five disciplines – long jump, discus throw, javelin throw, sprint and a wrestling match.[3] Introduced in Olympia during 708 BC, the competition was extremely popular for many centuries. By the sixth century BC, pentathlons had become part of religious games.[citation needed]

A ten-event competition known as the "all-around" or "all-round" championship, similar to the modern decathlon, was first contested at the United States amateur championships in 1884 and reached a consistent form by 1890;[4][5] an all-around was held at the 1904 Summer Olympics, though whether it was an official Olympic event has been disputed.[6] The modern decathlon first appeared on the Olympic athletics program at the 1912 Games in Stockholm.[7]

Other Languages
অসমীয়া: ডেকাথলন
asturianu: Decatlón
български: Десетобой
català: Decatló
čeština: Desetiboj
Deutsch: Zehnkampf
Ελληνικά: Δέκαθλο
español: Decatlón
Esperanto: Dekatlono
euskara: Dekatloi
فارسی: دهگانه
français: Décathlon
galego: Décatlon
한국어: 십종 경기
hrvatski: Desetoboj
italiano: Decathlon
עברית: קרב עשר
Latina: Decathlon
latviešu: Desmitcīņa
lietuvių: Dešimtkovė
magyar: Tízpróba
македонски: Десеттобој
Bahasa Melayu: Dekatlon
Nederlands: Tienkamp
日本語: 十種競技
norsk: Tikamp
português: Decatlo
română: Decatlon
русский: Десятиборье
shqip: Dekatloni
Simple English: Decathlon
slovenčina: Desaťboj
српски / srpski: Десетобој
svenska: Tiokamp
Tagalog: Dekatlon
Türkçe: Dekatlon
українська: Десятиборство
Tiếng Việt: Decathlon
walon: Decatlon
粵語: 十項全能
中文: 十項全能