Dáil Éireann

Dáil Éireann

Assembly of Ireland
33rd Dáil
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
Structure
Seats160
Dáil Éireann after 2020 GE.svg
Political groups
     Fianna Fáil (38)
     Sinn Féin (37)
     Fine Gael (35)
     Green Party (12)
     Labour Party (6)
     Social Democrats (6)
     Solidarity–PBP (5)
     Aontú (1)
     I4C (1)
     Independent (19)
Ceann Comhairle
     TBA
Elections
Single transferable vote
Last election
8 February 2020
Next election
Next
Meeting place
Dáil Chamber.jpg
Dáil chamber
Leinster House, oireachtas.ie

Dáil Éireann (ən/ (About this soundlisten) AIR-ən,[1] Irish: [d̪ˠaːlʲ ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ]; lit. "Assembly of Ireland") is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).[2] It consists of 160 members, known as Teachta Dála (plural Teachtaí Dála, commonly abbreviated as TDs). TDs represent 39 constituencies and are directly elected at least once every five years, by the single transferable vote (STV) form of proportional representation. Its powers are similar to those of lower houses under many other bicameral parliamentary systems and it is by far the dominant branch of the Oireachtas. Subject to the limits imposed by the Constitution of Ireland, it has power to pass any law it wishes, and to nominate and remove the Taoiseach (head of government). Since 1922, it has met in Leinster House in Dublin.

Title

The name Dáil Éireann is taken from the Irish language but is the official title of the body in both English and Irish, including both language versions of the Irish constitution. Since the Dáil was first established in 1919, it has also been described variously as a "National Assembly", a "Chamber of Deputies" and a "House of Representatives".

A dáil means an assembly or parliament, so a literal translation of Dáil Éireann is "Assembly of Ireland". Article 15 of Ireland's constitution describes the body as "a House of Representatives to be called Dáil Éireann" (Teach Ionadóirí ar a dtugtar Dáil Éireann).[2][3]

In common usage, the word Dáil is accompanied by the definite article, but Dáil Éireann is not; one speaks of "the Dáil" but not "the Dáil Éireann".[citation needed]

The plural of Dáil in the English language is most commonly Dáils, although the Irish-language plural Dálaí[4] is sometimes encountered in English. As there is only ever one Dáil in existence at any one time, the plural should only be used when referring to the Dáil as it is constituted following different elections; for example, when referring to the First and Second Dáils.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dáil Éireann
العربية: دويل أيرن
asturianu: Dáil Éireann
беларуская: Дойл Эрэн
brezhoneg: Dáil Éireann
čeština: Dáil Éireann
español: Dáil Éireann
Esperanto: Dáil Éireann
français: Dáil Éireann
한국어: 달 에런
Bahasa Indonesia: Dáil Éireann
italiano: Dáil Éireann
עברית: דאל אירן
Bahasa Melayu: Dáil Éireann
Nederlands: Dáil Éireann
português: Dáil Éireann
română: Dáil Éireann
Simple English: Dáil Éireann
slovenčina: Dáil Éireann
українська: Дойл Ерен