Curtain wall (fortification)

Beaumaris Castle with curtain walls between the lower outer towers and higher inner curtain walls between the higher inner towers.
Two sections of curtain wall around Berwick-upon-Tweed.

A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress,[1] or town.[2]


In medieval castles, the area surrounded by a curtain wall, with or without towers, is known as the bailey.[3] The outermost walls with their integrated bastions and wall towers together make up the enceinte or main defensive line enclosing the site.

In earlier designs of castle and town, the curtain walls were often built to a considerable height and were fronted by a ditch or moat to make assault difficult.

Later, with the introduction of trace italienne fortifications, the height of the curtain walls was reduced, and beyond the ditch, additional outworks such as ravelins and tenailles were added to protect the curtain walls from direct cannonading.

Reconstruction of defensive walls around ancient Lachish.
Other Languages
беларуская: Курціна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Курціна (фартыфікацыя)
български: Крепостна стена
čeština: Kurtina
dansk: Ringmur
Deutsch: Kurtine
Esperanto: Kurtino
français: Courtine
한국어: 막벽
հայերեն: Կուրտինա
ქართული: გალავანი
latviešu: Kurtīne
Lëtzebuergesch: Courtine
lietuvių: Kurtina
Nederlands: Courtine
Nedersaksies: Courtine
norsk: Ringmur
română: Curtină
русский: Куртина
slovenščina: Kurtina
suomi: Kurtiini
svenska: Kurtin
українська: Куртина