Cuban Revolution

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The Cuban Revolution ( Spanish: Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement and its allies against the right-wing [4] [5] authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista. The revolution began in July 1953, [6] and continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on 1 January 1959, replacing his government with a revolutionary socialist state. The 26th of July Movement later reformed along communist lines, becoming the Communist Party in October 1965. [7] Castro’s organized attack set up on the eastern end of Santiago de Cuba against the military barracks ended in despair and failure due to government. [8]

The Cuban Revolution had powerful domestic and international repercussions. In particular, it transformed Cuba's relationship with the United States. Efforts to improve diplomatic relations have gained momentum in recent years. [9] [10] [11] [12] In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, Castro's government began a program of nationalization and political consolidation that transformed Cuba's economy and civil society. [13] [14] The revolution also heralded an era of Cuban intervention in foreign military conflicts, including the Angolan Civil War and the Nicaraguan Revolution. [15]

Background and causes

In the decades following United States' invasion of Cuba in 1898, and formal independence from the U.S. on May 20, 1902, Cuba experienced a period of significant instability, enduring a number of revolts, coups and a period of U.S. military occupation. Fulgencio Batista, a former soldier who had served as the elected president of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, became president for the second time in 1952, after seizing power in a military coup and canceling the 1952 elections. [16] Although Batista had been relatively progressive during his first term, [17] in the 1950s he proved far more dictatorial and indifferent to popular concerns. [18] While Cuba remained plagued by high unemployment and limited water infrastructure, [19] Batista antagonized the population by forming lucrative links to organized crime and allowing American companies to dominate the Cuban economy. [19] [20] [21]

During his first term as President, Batista had been supported by the Communist Party of Cuba, [17] but during his second term he became strongly anti-communist, gaining him political and military support from the United States. [19] [22] Batista developed a powerful security infrastructure to silence political opponents. In the months following the March 1952 coup, Fidel Castro, then a young lawyer and activist, petitioned for the overthrow of Batista, whom he accused of corruption and tyranny. However, Castro's constitutional arguments were rejected by the Cuban courts. [23] After deciding that the Cuban regime could not be replaced through legal means, Castro resolved to launch an armed revolution. To this end, he and his brother Raúl founded a paramilitary organization known as "The Movement", stockpiling weapons and recruiting around 1,200 followers from Havana's disgruntled working class by the end of 1952. [24]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Kuba inqilabı
Bân-lâm-gú: Cuba Kek-bēng
한국어: 쿠바 혁명
Bahasa Indonesia: Revolusi Kuba
მარგალური: კუბაშ რევოლუცია
مازِرونی: کوبای انقلاب
Bahasa Melayu: Revolusi Cuba
Nederlands: Cubaanse Revolutie
português: Revolução Cubana
Simple English: Cuban Revolution
slovenščina: Kubanska revolucija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kubanska revolucija
Türkçe: Küba Devrimi
Tiếng Việt: Cách mạng Cuba
中文: 古巴革命