Cuban Revolution

Cuban Revolution
Part of Cold War
Revolutionary leaders Che Guevara (left) and Fidel Castro (right) in 1961
Date26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959
(5 years, 5 months and 6 days)

26th of July Movement victory


26th of July Movement

Republic of Cuba
Supported by:
 United States (until 1958)
Commanders and leaders
Fidel Castro
Raúl Castro
Che Guevara
Camilo Cienfuegos
Huber Matos
Juan Almeida Bosque
Frank País 
Abel Santamaría Executed
Eloy Gutiérrez Menoyo
René Ramos Latour 
Rolando Cubela
Humberto Sori Marín
Roberto Rodriguez  Alfonso Perez Leon
Fulgencio Batista
Eulogio Cantillo
José Quevedo
Alberto del Río Chaviano
Joaquín Casillas Executed
Cornelio Rojas Executed
Fernández Suero
Cándido Hernández
Alfredo Abon Lee
Casualties and losses
5,000+ combat-related Cubans killed[1][2][3]
Part of a series on the
Insigne Cubicum.svg
Governorate of Cuba (1511–1519)
Viceroyalty of New Spain (1535–1821)
Captaincy General of Cuba (1607–1898)
US Military Government (1898–1902)
Republic of Cuba (1902–1959)
Republic of Cuba (1959–)
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba portal

The Cuban Revolution (Spanish: Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista. The revolution began in July 1953,[4] and continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on 1 January 1959, replacing his government with a revolutionary socialist state. 26 July 1959 is celebrated in Cuba as the Day of the Revolution. The 26th of July Movement later reformed along communist lines, becoming the Communist Party in October 1965.[5]

The Cuban Revolution had powerful domestic and international repercussions. In particular, it transformed Cuba's relationship with the United States, although efforts to improve diplomatic relations have gained momentum in recent years.[6][7][8][9] In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, Castro's government began a program of nationalization and political consolidation that transformed Cuba's economy and civil society.[10][11] The revolution also heralded an era of Cuban intervention in foreign military conflicts, including the Angolan Civil War and the Nicaraguan Revolution.[12]


In the decades following United States' invasion of Cuba in 1898, and formal independence from the U.S. on May 20, 1902, Cuba experienced a period of significant instability, enduring a number of revolts, coups and a period of U.S. military occupation. Fulgencio Batista, a former soldier who had served as the elected president of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, became president for the second time in 1952, after seizing power in a military coup and canceling the 1952 elections.[13] Although Batista had been relatively progressive during his first term,[14] in the 1950s he proved far more dictatorial and indifferent to popular concerns.[15] While Cuba remained plagued by high unemployment and limited water infrastructure,[16] Batista antagonized the population by forming lucrative links to organized crime and allowing American companies to dominate the Cuban economy, especially sugar-cane plantations and other local resources. [16][17][18] Although the US armed and politically supported the Batista dictatorship, later US presidents recognized its corruption and the justifiability of removing it.[19]

During his first term as President, Batista had not been supported by the Communist Party of Cuba,[14] but during his second term he became strongly anti-communist.[16][20] Batista developed a rather weak security bridge as an attempt to silence political opponents. In the months following the March 1952 coup, Fidel Castro, then a young lawyer and activist, petitioned for the overthrow of Batista, whom he accused of corruption and tyranny. However, Castro's constitutional arguments were rejected by the Cuban courts.[21] After deciding that the Cuban regime could not be replaced through legal means, Castro resolved to launch an armed revolution. To this end, he and his brother Raúl founded a paramilitary organization known as "The Movement", stockpiling weapons and recruiting around 1,200 followers from Havana's disgruntled working class by the end of 1952. Batista was known as a corrupt leader as he constantly pampered himself with elegant foods and exotic women. [22]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Kuba inqilabı
Bân-lâm-gú: Cuba Kek-bēng
한국어: 쿠바 혁명
Bahasa Indonesia: Revolusi Kuba
მარგალური: კუბაშ რევოლუცია
مازِرونی: کوبای انقلاب
Bahasa Melayu: Revolusi Cuba
Nederlands: Cubaanse Revolutie
português: Revolução Cubana
Simple English: Cuban Revolution
slovenščina: Kubanska revolucija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kubanska revolucija
Türkçe: Küba Devrimi
Tiếng Việt: Cách mạng Cuba
中文: 古巴革命