Crimean Tatars

Crimean Tatars, Crimeans
Qırımtatarlar, qırımlar
Flag of the Crimean Tatar people.svg
Flag of the Crimean Tatars
Regions with significant populations
 Crimea246,073[1][2][3]
 Uzbekistan10,046[4]
 Turkey4,000,000–6,000,000[5]
 Romania24,137[6]
 Russia2,449[7]
 Bulgaria1,803[8]
 Kazakhstan1,532[9]
 United States7,000
 Ukraine (excl. Crimea)30,000–60,000
Languages
Crimean Tatar, Turkish, Russian, Ukrainian
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Dobrujan Tatars, Nogais, Volga Tatars, Turkish people, Krymchaks
Part of Crimean Tatars
"Tamga" symbol of the Crimean Tatar Gerae family
By region or country
Religion
Languages and dialects
History
People and groups

Crimean Tatars or Crimeans (Crimean Tatar: Qırımtatarlar, qırımlar; Turkish: Kırım Tatarları, kırımlar; Russian: Крымские Татары, крымцы; Ukrainian: Кримськi Татари, кримцi) are a Turkic ethnic group that formed in the Crimean Peninsula during the 13th–17th centuries, primarily from Islamic Turkic tribes from the Asian steppes that invaded the Greek-settled land now known as Crimea, in Eastern Europe, beginning in the 10th century, with contributions from the pre-Cuman population of Crimea. Since 2014 the Crimean Tatars have been officially recognized as an indigenous people of Ukraine.[10] The Crimean Tatars are also listed among the indigenous peoples of Russia.[11]

Crimean Tatars constituted the majority of Crimea's population from the time of its ethnogenesis until the mid-19th century, and the relative largest ethnic population until the end of the 19th century.[12][13] Almost immediately after the liberation of Crimea, in May 1944, the USSR State Defense Committee ordered the removal of all of the Tatar population from Crimea, including the families of Crimean Tatars serving in the Soviet Army – in trains and boxcars to Central Asia, primarily to Uzbekistan. Starting in 1967, some were allowed to return to Crimea, and in 1989 the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union condemned the removal of Crimean Tatars from their motherland as inhumane and lawless. Today, Crimean Tatars constitute approximately 12% of the population of Crimea. There remains a large diaspora of Crimean Tatars in Turkey and Uzbekistan.

Distribution

In the latest Ukrainian census, 248,200 Ukrainian citizens identified themselves as Crimean Tatars with 98% (or about 243,400) of them living in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.[14][15] An additional 1,800 citizens (or about 0.7% of those that identified themselves as Crimean Tatars) live in the city of Sevastopol, also on the Crimean peninsula, but outside the border of the autonomous republic.[14]

About 150,000 remain in exile in Central Asia, mainly in Uzbekistan. The official number of Crimean Tatars in Turkey is 150,000 with some Crimean Tatar activists estimating a figure as high as 6 million. The activists reached this number by taking one million Tatar immigrants to Turkey as a starting point and multiplying this number by the birth rate in the span of the last hundred years.[5] Crimean Tatars in Turkey mostly live in Eskişehir Province, descendants of those who emigrated in the late 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries.[5] In the Dobruja region straddling Romania and Bulgaria, there are more than 27,000 Crimean Tatars: 24,000 on the Romanian side, and 3,000 on the Bulgarian side.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Krim-Tatare
العربية: تتار القرم
azərbaycanca: Krım tatarları
башҡортса: Ҡырым татарҙары
беларуская: Крымскія татары
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Крымскія татары
български: Кримски татари
bosanski: Krimski Tatari
Deutsch: Krimtataren
Esperanto: Krime-tataroj
hrvatski: Krimski Tatari
Bahasa Indonesia: Tatar Krimea
къарачай-малкъар: Кърым татарлыла
latviešu: Krimas tatāri
lietuvių: Krymo totoriai
македонски: Кримски Татари
Nederlands: Krim-Tataren
олык марий: Крым татар
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qrim tatarlari
qırımtatarca: Qırımtatarlar
српски / srpski: Кримски Татари
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Krimski Tatari
svenska: Krimtatarer
татарча/tatarça: Кырым татарлары
українська: Кримські татари
vepsän kel’: Krimantatarlaižed
Tiếng Việt: Người Tatar Krym