Counts and dukes of Anjou

County/Dukedom of Anjou
Crown of a Duke of France.svg
Arms of Hercule dAnjou.svg
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Anjou.
Creation date861 (County)
1360 (Dukedom)
PeeragePeerage of France
First holderRobert the Strong (County)
Louis I (Dukedom)
Last holderJohn the Good (County)
Louis Stanislas Xavier of France (Dukedom)
StatusExtinct
Extinction date1795

The Count of Anjou was the ruler of the county of Anjou, first granted by Charles the Bald in the 9th century to Robert the Strong. Ingelger and his son were viscounts of Angers until Ingelger's son Fulk the Red assumed the title of Count of Anjou. The Robertians and their Capetian successors were distracted by wars with the Vikings and other concerns and were unable to recover the county until the reign of Philip II Augustus, more than 270 years later.

Ingelger's male line ended with Geoffrey II, Count of Anjou. Subsequent counts of Anjou were descended from Geoffrey's sister Ermengarde of Anjou and Geoffrey II, Count of Gâtinais. Their agnatic descendants, who included the Angevin kings of England, continued to hold these titles and property until the French monarchy gained control of the area. Thereafter the titles Count of Anjou and, after 1360, Duke of Anjou were granted several times, usually to members of the French ruling houses of Valois and Bourbon.

Similar to the title of Duke of York in England, none of those who received the title Duke of Anjou (except the first creation), were able to transmit it; they either died without a male heir, returned it to the royal domain, or succeeded to the throne.

The title was held by Philippe, a grandson of King Louis XIV, until he ascended the Spanish throne as Philip V of Spain in 1700. Since then, some Spanish legitimist claimants to the French throne have borne the title even to the present day, as does a nephew of the Orléanist pretender.

Counts of Anjou

Robertian dynasty

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Robert the Strong
861–866
also: marquis of Neustria, count of Tours
820
?
son of Robert III of Worms and Waldrade
?
two sons
866
aged 45
Odo
866-898
also: king of the Franks, marquis of Neustria, count of Paris
Odo of France.PNG 852
La Fère
son of Robert the Strong and Adelaide of Tours
Théodrate of Troyes
two sons
898
aged 46

House of Ingelger

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ingelger
(Viscount of Angers)
845
Rennes
son of Tertullus (Tertulle) and Petronilla
Adelais of Amboise
one son
888
aged 42
Fulk I the Red
929–942
870
son of Ingelger and Resinde "Aelinde" D'Amboise
Rosalie de Loches
one son
942
aged 72
Fulk II the Good
942–958
905
son of Fulk the Red
Gerberge
two children
11 November 960
aged 55 Tours
Geoffrey I Greymantle
960–987
940
son of Fulk II
(1) Adele of Meaux
four children
(2) Adelaise de Chalon
March 979
one son
21 July 987
aged 47
Fulk III the Black
987–1040
Sceau de Foulques Nerra.jpg 972
son of Geoffrey GreyGown and Adelaide of Vermandois
(1) Elisabeth of Vendôme
one daughter
(2) Hildegard of Sundgau
1001
two children
21 June 1040
Metz
aged 68
Geoffrey II Martel
1040–1060
son of Fulk the Black and Hildegard of Sundgau (1) Agnes of Burgundy
1032
no issue
(2) Grécie of Langeais
no issue
(3) Adèle
no issue
(4) Grécie of Langeais
no issue
(5) Adelaide
no issue

Angevin kings of England and Plantagenets

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Geoffrey III the Bearded
1060–1067
Geoffrey3Anjou.jpg 1040
eldest son of Geoffrey II, Count of Gâtinais and Ermengarde of Anjou
(1) Julienne de Langeais
no issue
1096
aged 56
Fulk IV the Ill-Tempered
1067–1109
Fulko4Anjou.jpg 1043
younger son of Geoffrey II, Count of Gâtinais and Ermengarde of Anjou
(1) Hildegarde of Beaugency
one daughter
(2) Ermengarde de Bourbon
1070
one son
(3) Orengarde de Châtellailon
1076
no issue
(4) Mantie of Brienne
1080
no issue
(5) Bertrade de Montfort
1089
one son
14 April 1109
aged 66
Geoffrey IV Martel the Younger
1103–1106
1070
son of Fulk IV and Ermengarde de Bourbon
never married
no issue
19 May 1106
Candé
aged 36
Fulk V the Young
1106–1129
also: king of Jerusalem
Foulque5.jpg 1089
Angers
son of Count Fulk IV, Count of Anjou and Bertrade de Montfort
(1) Ermengarde of Maine
1110
four children
(2) Melisende
2 June 1129
Jerusalem
two children
13 November 1143
Acre, Israel
aged 54
Geoffrey V Plantagenet
1129–1151
also: count of Tours and Maine, duke of Normandy
Geoffrey of Anjou Monument.jpg 24 August 1113
elder son of Fulk V of Anjou and Eremburga de La Flèche
Empress Matilda
17 June 1128
three sons
7 September 1151
Château-du-Loir
aged 38
Henry Curtmantle
1151–1189
also: king of England, count of Maine, duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, lord of Ireland
Henry II of England.jpg 5 March 1133
Le Mans
son of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda
Eleanor of Aquitaine
18 May 1152
Poitiers
eight children
6 July 1189
Chinon
aged 56
Richard Lionheart
1189–1199
also: king of England, count of Maine and Nantes, duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, lord of Ireland
Richard I of England 8 September 1157
Beaumont Palace
son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine
Berengaria of Navarre
12 May 1191
Limassol
No legitimate issue
6 April 1199
Châlus
aged 42
Arthur
1199–1203
also: duke of Brittany
Artur of Brittany.jpg 29 March 1187
son of Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany and Constance of Penthièvre
never married
no issue
April 1203
Rouen
aged 16

In 1204, Anjou was lost to king Philip II of France. It was re-granted as an appanage for Louis VIII's son John, who died in 1232 at the age of thirteen, and then to Louis's youngest son, Charles, later the first Angevin king of Sicily.

Capetian dynasty

House of Anjou

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
John I Tristan
1219–1232
Charles I
1246–1285
also: king of Sicily, of Albania, of Jerusalem, count of Maine, of Provence, of Forcalquier
Palazzo Reale di Napoli - Carlo I d'Angiò.jpg 21 March 1226
youngest son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile
(1) Beatrice of Provence
31 January 1246
Aix-en-Provence
seven children
(2) Margaret of Burgundy
1268
one daughter
7 January 1285
Foggia
aged 58
Charles II
1285–1290
also: king of Naples, of Albania, prince of Salerno, of Achaea
Charles 2 of Naples.jpg 1254
son of Charles I of Anjou and Beatrice of Provence
Maria of Hungary
1270
14 children
5 May 1309
Naples
aged 55
Margaret
1290–1299
Marie karel2 (cropped, five daughters).jpg 1272
daughter of Charles II of Naples and Mary of Hungary
Charles of Valois
16 August 1290
Corbeil
six children
31 December 1299
aged 26

In 1290, Margaret married Charles of Valois, the younger brother of king Philip IV of France. He became Count of Anjou in her right.

House of Valois

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles III
1290–1325
also: count of Valois
Karel Valois.jpg 12 March 1270
fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon
(1) Margaret of Naples
1290
six children
(2) Catherine of Courtenay
1302
four children
(3) Mahaut of Châtillon
1308
four children
16 December 1325
Nogent-le-Roi
aged 55
Philip
1293–1328
also: Philip the Fortunate, count of Maine, of Valois
Phil6france.jpg 1293
son of Charles of Valois and Margaret of Naples
(1) Joan the Lame
July 1313
seven children
(2) Blanche of Navarre
11 January 1350
one daughter
22 August 1350
Nogent-le-Roi
aged 57

In 1328, Philip of Valois ascended the French throne and became King Philip VI. At this time, the counties of Anjou, Maine, and Valois returned to the royal domain. On 26 April 1332, Philip granted the county to his eldest son, John:

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
John
1332–1350
also: John the Good, count of Maine, of Poitiers, duke of Normandy, and Aquitaine
JeanIIdFrance.jpg 16 April 1319
son of Philip VI and Joan the Lame
(1) Bonne of Bohemia
28 July 1332
Church of Notre-Dame, Melun
nine children
(2) Joanna I of Auvergne
19 February 1350
Nanterre
two children
8 April 1364
Savoy
aged 44

Following John's ascension to the throne as John II in 1350, the title again returned to the royal domain.

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